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Fantasy on Faust
Fortuny y Marsal, Mariano
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Fortuny y Marsal, Mariano

Reus, Tarragona, 1838 - Roma, 1874

Miniatura autor

Fantasy on Faust

1866. Oil on canvas, 40 x 69 cm.

In this work, Fortuny establishes an eloquent link between painting and music and a clear exposition of what his friend, the Baron Davillier, called his very lively and very pure taste in music. Fortuny depicts one of the musical evenings that he attended in Madrid during the summer of 1866 at his friend and former classmate, Catalan painter Francisco Sans y Cabot’s studio at no. 13, calle Flor Baja in Madrid. Their mutual friend, musician Juan Bautista Pujol (1835-1898) plays the Gran fantasía sobre Fausto that he had composed in 1863 on the basis of different passages from the eponymous opera that Charles Gounaud had premiered in Paris in 1859. In 1864, that opera was presented to great acclaim in Barcelona, and the following year, it was performed in Madrid. Pujol first played his Fantasía in public in Madrid on March 17, 1866, the same year that he registered it.

This pianist was famous for the evocative quality of his interpretations, and as the inscription on this canvas indicates, it was that musical evening that inspired Fortuny to paint it. Moreover, the two figures who appear to be listening very attentively are painters Agapito Francés (1840-1869) and Lorenzo Casanova (1845-1900). Francés¡ painted a Faust and Marguerite whose composition closely resembles Fortuny’s, but in reverse, with the pianist in the center and the view evoked from the right, while Casanova painted Mephistopheles accompanying Faust to the Saturday Coven lit by a Will-o’-the-Wisp. All three works are sketches, which suggests that Pujol’s brilliant performance that night inspired all of the artists.

The scores scattered across the floor around Pujol evoke his wild performance, and his capacity to recreate the garden scene in his listeners’ minds. There, Mephistopheles holds Martha’s arm and turns vivaciously in the center of the composition, dressed as Goethe described him on his second encounter with Faust: like a young nobleman in a purple suit embroidered with gold, a silk cape at his shoulder, a rooster feather in his hat and a long, sharp sword at his side. His theatrical gesture is accentuated by the movement of his cape and the instantaneity of his presence is emphasized by the low flight of a white owl. This animal associated with the devil’s own Fatuitas in Alciato’s book of emblems and with death and evil omens in Ripa’s Iconography, also appears in the episode of Walpurgisnacht in the Harz in Goethe’s own Faust. The figure of Mephistopheles interested the artist, who made a pen-and-ink drawing and a pencil sketch. In the background, Faust and Marguerite’s kiss appears in a painting airily executed in light, luminous tones that recall Tiepolo’s touch.

The artist’s brushstrokes are not meticulous, but instead rapid and energetic, as can be seen in the free strokes that make up the cloth, amplifying the movements of the fictional characters. The rich colors contrast warm tones with highlights on the lower part and cool ones above, clearly differentiating the real and imaginary parts of the composition (Text drawn from Barón, J.: El siglo XIX en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2007, pp. 298-300).

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Technical data

Inventory number
P02605
Author
Fortuny y Marsal, Mariano
Title
Fantasy on Faust
Date
1866
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 40 cm.; Width: 69 cm.
Provenance
Collection of Juan Bautista Pujol, 1866; Collection of Ramón de Errazu, 1875; Legacy of Ramón de Errazu y Rubio de Tejada, 1904

Bibliography +

Fortuny, Servicio de Defensa del Patrimonio Artístico Nacional, Barcelona, 1940, pp. nº251.

Exposición de pintura catalana: [desde la prehistoria hasta, Dirección General de Bellas Artes, Madrid, 1962.

La Musica en las Artes Plasticas, Sociedad Española de Amigos Arte, Madrid, 1967.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Ainaud de Lasarte, Josep M., Mariano Fortuny, Comisaría Nacional de Museos y Exposiciones Junta de Museos de Barcelona, Barcelona, 1974, pp. nº1800.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas del siglo XIX, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1985, pp. 76.

Bonet, Juan Manuel, Mariano Fortuny y Madrazo. (Granada, 1871-Venecia, 1949). Pinturas, Grabados, Fotografias, Trajes, Tela, Mercado Puerta de Toledo, Madrid, 1988.

Fortuny, 1838-1874, Fundación Caja de Pensiones, Barcelona, 1989, pp. 139, 196 nº18.

González López, Carlos, Mariano Fortuny Marsal, Diccionario Rafols, Barcelona, 1989.

Capelastegui, Pilar, El Fausto de Goethe y la pintura española, Goya, 1992, pp. 351.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura española del siglo XIX: del neoclasicismo al modernismo : obras maestras del Museo del Prado y colecciones españolas, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Cooperación Cultural, Madrid, 1992, pp. 146 nº33.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Fortuny: pinturas, dibujos y grabados, Museo Nacional del Nacional, 1998.

Barilli, Renato, Impresionismi in Europa: non solo Francia, Skira, Milano, 2001, pp. nº6.

El legado de Ramón de Errazu: Fortuny, Madrazo y Rico, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 111, nº8.

Prelude to Spanish modernism: Fortuny to Picasso, Albuquerque Museum in collaboration with the Meadows Museum, Southern Methodist University, 2005, pp. nº2.

El siglo XIX en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 298 nº64.

Torres González, Begoña, Fortuny : un mundo en miniatura, Libsa, Madrid, 2008, pp. 238.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 192.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1357.
1357 / Autor = Mariano Fortuny / Asunto = Fantasía del Fausto (lienzo) / Dimensiones = Alto = 0,40 ancho = 0,69 [Nota en registro superior] Como se ha notado que los cuadros de la colec- / ción legada por D. Ramón de Errazu, no se hallan / inventariados, se ponen ahora en este sitio aun- / que debieran estar antes. [Nota al margen izquierdo] Legado de D. / Ramón de / Errazu, que / se aceptó por / Real orden de / 13 de diciembre / de 1904.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. nº 2 Legado Errazu.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1933. Núm. nº 2 Legado Errazu.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1985. Núm. 2605.

Exhibitions +

Mariano Fortuny (1838-1874)
Madrid
02.11.2017 - 31.03.2018

El Siglo XIX en el Prado
31.10.2007 - 20.04.2008

El legado Ramón Errazu: Fortuny, Madrazo y Rico
13.12.2005 - 12.03.2006

Prelude to Spanish Modernism: Fortuny to Picasso
Albuquerque NM
21.08.2005 - 27.11.2005

Impressionisms in Europe
Brescia
06.07.2001 - 25.11.2001

Pintura española del siglo XIX. Del neoclasicismo al modernismo
Bilbao
03.04.1992 - 17.05.1992

Mariano Fortuny
Madrid
06.04.1989 - 21.05.1989

Mariano Fortuny
Barcelona
18.01.1989 - 12.03.1989

Location +

Room 063 (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 03-12-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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