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Ferdinand I of León
Maffei Rosal, Antonio
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Maffei Rosal, Antonio

Burdeos, Francia, 1817 - Madrid, 1868

See author's file

Ferdinand I of León

1855. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Inventory number
Maffei Rosal, Antonio
Ferdinand I of León
Height: 225 cm; Width: 141 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection, 1851

Bibliography +

Ossorio y Bernard, M., Galería biográfica de artistas españoles del Siglo XIX, Giner, Madrid, 1975, pp. 410.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Barcelona. III, Cuenca y Segovia. Segovia. Alcázar, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VII, 1986, pp. 197.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Orihuela Maeso, Mercedes y de Castro Sánchez, Mª Teresa, Presencia del Museo del Prado en el Congreso de los Diputados, Revista de las Cortes Generales, 73, 2008, pp. 488-489.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina, arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, Madrid, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado. Catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 379.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 3011.
D.A.Mafey. / 3011. Retrato de D. Fernando 1º / Con túnica verde bordada de oro, manto encarnado, la mano derecha apoyada sobre un pedestal en el cual tiene un papel, y el cetro, y la izqda apoyada sobre el pomo de la espada. /Alto 8 pies; Ancho 5 pies

Inscriptions +

A. Maffei. / 1855
Signed and dated. Front, lower right corner

D. FERNANDO I murio 1067
Inscribed in black. Front, lower area

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Location +

Madrid - Congreso de los Diputados (Deposit)

Displayed objects +



Ceramic floor



Crown / Wreath

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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