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Pinazo Martínez, José
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Pinazo Martínez, José

Rome (Italy), 1879 - Madrid (Spain), 1933

See author's file


1915. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

Pinazo´s Floreal is an allegory of the richness and exuberance of the Valencia land, represented with the flowers and fruits carried by some young girls and a young boy, all of them dressed in regional costumes. We don´t know if they are walking to market, with all those fruits, animals and flowers, if they are making an offering to a saint or if they are just an allegory of spring, as in the French republican calendar Floreal was the month that coincided with spring, with the flowering period. The representation of people going to a party and of cheerful, easy-going groups that walk in fields, on foot or riding horse, was quite common in regionalist painting. The valencian painters´s favourite theme to represent feast was not the dances but the rumps, dressed-up couples on a horse who are going to the Fair. Sorolla painted many rumps and so did Anglada Camarasa, whose staying in Valencia floklorist expressions. All these paintings present an easy vitalis perspective in a happy sensual world. The Valencian typical competes with Andalusian painting as the most representative image of the white, hedonist, pagan Spain, although those allegories are sometimes full of mistery and a deep feeling with reflect some melancholy and uneasiness, as can see in the case of Julio Romero de Torres. José Pinazo´s women, who are the undoubtable protagonists of his regionalist compositions, are deliacated and nice, their gaze is deep and intense, their features are soft and through them we can visaualize an ideal an legendary Valencia: Valencian poems that sing to love, live, earth and its fruits. In short, as Manuel Abril said, "a poetic rather than a naturalist interpretation".

Floreal, despite being a very studied and meditated work, is excesive and topical, qualities that Pinazo abandoned later. In contrast with Sorolla´s an Anglada´s works, wich constitute those decorative visions of Valencia, pinazo works with great attention to detail, with virtousity in the motifs, in particular when he depicts silks and embroideries of the fallera dress, so rich that the could hardly be afforded by Valencian peasant women. Like Mongrell´s and other Valencian painters´, the peasant women that he represents are little rustic and their movements are almost princely: the are like flowers in a greenhouse. In the case of Floreal, the girls´ hands and their sophisticated gestures are remarkable. Those details are specially observable in the case of the girlwhi is carrying a basket with fruits on her head, only held with two of her fingers as if she were part of a mannierist composition. Something similar can be said about some compositions by Romero de Torres or even Gustavo de Maeztu, although the treatment of women is very diferent in them. In Pinazo´s work, we cannot find a direct and provocative eroticism, as the one we find in Romero de Torres.

Pinazo´s cheerful, idealist, bucolic vision, is similar to Eugenio Hermoso´s although Eugenio Hermoso´s figures are not as slender as Pinazo´s. Pinazo´s falleras and peasant women are not rustic: the world of the countryside is presented trough teh transformation of the urban characters. In fact, Floreal´s characters belong to Pinazo´s family: his daughter Teresa (the girl who is carrying the flowers), his wife, his friend Emilio Marco and three other friends.

In Pinazo´s Floreal, the landscape is hardly visible in the distant background, the true protagonist being the sky with is big coloured clouds coherent with the exhuberant of the scene. The flowers, the fruits and the pottery are magnificents examples of still life, a genre that Pinazo practised with a mastery. Among the frutis and the flowers, a bunch of oranges held by a boy stand out. The orange, the driving force of Valencian economy, became an obliged reference in regionalist paintings, a local symbol of wealth and prosperity, an exaltation of the progress associated to agriculture (Text drawn from Pérez Rojas, F.J.: Tipos y paisajes. 1890-1930. Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia, 1999, p. 504).

Technical data

Related artworks

Phototype on card, After 1905
Hauser y Menet
Inventory number
Pinazo Martínez, José
Height: 160 cm; Width: 187 cm
Acquired from the author for the Museo de Arte Moderno, 1915; Museo de Arte Moderno, 1915-1971; Museo Nacional Centro de Arte Reina Sofía, 2016

Bibliography +

Un siglo de arte español: (1856-1956), Ministerio de Educación Nacional, Dirección General de Bellas Artes, Madrid, 1955, pp. 217 nº329.

Pantorba, Bernardino de, Historia y crítica de las Exposiciones Nacionales de Bellas Artes, Jesús Ramón García Rama, Madrid, 1980, pp. 228.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Valencia y Castellón de la Plana. Valencia. Museo de Bellas Artes, Boletín del Museo del Prado, V, 1984, pp. 197.

Garin Llombart, F.V., Los Pinazo : 100 Años de Expresión Artística, Puerto Autonomo de Valencia, Valencia, 1990, pp. nº14.

Arte y Literatura en la Edad de Plata. La Mirada del 98, Ministerio de Educacion y Cultura, Madrid, 1998, pp. nº98.

Pérez Rojas, F. Javier, Tipos y paisajes 1890-1930, Generalitat Valenciana, Valencia, 1998, pp. 154 nº 96.

La Batalla de Almansa, 1707 : III Centenario, Generalitat Valenciana, Valencia, 2007.

Díez, José Luis (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 479.

Del ocaso de los grandes maestros a la juventud artística valenciana (1912-1927, Diputació de València,, Valencia, 2016, pp. 30, 583 n.61.

Other inventories +

Registros-Inventarios Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, 1900-1936. Núm. 78-P.

Inscriptions +

Pinazo Martínez / 1915
Signed and dated. Front, lower left corner

M.A.M. 78P
Inscribed. Front, lower left corner

Exhibitions +

Pinazo y la vida artística valenciana alrededor de 1916
14.07.2016 - 16.10.2016

La batalla de Almansa 1707. III Centenario
22.03.2007 - 20.05.2007

Arte y literatura en la Edad de Plata. La mirada del 98
01.10.1998 - 01.11.1998

Arte y literatura en la Edad de Plata. La mirada del 98
04.05.1998 - 21.06.1998

Los Pinazo: Cien años de expresión artística
10.12.1990 - 31.01.1991

Location +

Valencia - Museo de Bellas Artes de Valencia (Deposit)

Displayed objects +

Costumes, Regional / Dress, Regional

Update date: 28-01-2022 | Registry created on 24-08-2015

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