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Fruela I of Asturias
Montañés y Pérez, Bernardino
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Montañés y Pérez, Bernardino

Zaragoza (Spain), 1825 - Zaragoza (Spain), 1893

See author's file

Fruela I of Asturias

1854. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history. Fruela I was the King of Asturias from 757 until 768.

Technical data

Inventory number
Montañés y Pérez, Bernardino
Fruela I of Asturias
Height: 222 cm; Width: 140 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection, 1854

Bibliography +

Pérez Sánchez, A. E., La serie iconográfica de los reyes de España en relación con el Alcázar de Segovia, Segovia, 1984, pp. 33-41.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Asturias. Covadonga. Basílica, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VI, Madrid, 1985, pp. 115.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Remis Fernández, J., Las pinturas del Prado en Covadonga, La Nueva España, Oviedo, 2008.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina, arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, Madrid, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, José Luis (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 418.

Barón, Javier, 'Apéndices al catálogo. Retratos de la Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España depositados en el Museo de Covadonga' En: Museo de Covadonga. Catálogo de sus colecciones, Fundación María Cristina Masaveu Peterson, Madrid, 2018, pp. 371-403 [382-384 SC5].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2995.
D. Bernardino Montañés. / 2995. Retrato del Rey de Asturias D. Freula 1º / Viste corselete con falda encarnada bordada de oro, en la mano derecha el cetro ,y un plano sobre una mesa. / Alto 8 pies; Ancho 5 pies.

Inscriptions +

B. Mont.s 1854
Signed and dated. Front, right side

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

D. FRUELA 1o. M.o en el ao 768

D. FRUELA I murió 768
Inscribed. Front, lower central area

OVETUM. [sobre el pergamino]
Inscribed in red color. Front, central left area

Location +

Covadonga - Museo de Covadonga (Deposit)

Displayed objects +


Document: Plano de la fortaleza de Ovetum

Ceramic floor

Crown / Wreath

Update date: 28-01-2022 | Registry created on 10-03-2016

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