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Ferdinand the Catholic
Montañés y Pérez, Bernardino
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Montañés y Pérez, Bernardino

Zaragoza (Spain), 1825 - Zaragoza (Spain), 1893

See author's file

Ferdinand the Catholic

Ca. 1848. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

Ferdinand II of Aragon, called the Catholic (1452-1516). The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Related artworks

Inventory number
Montañés y Pérez, Bernardino
Ferdinand the Catholic
Ca. 1848
Height: 225 cm; Width: 141 cm
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection, 1848

Bibliography +

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. IV. Alto Estado Mayor, Boletín del Museo del Prado, II, Madrid, 1981, pp. 60.

Pérez Sánchez, A. E., La serie iconográfica de los reyes de España en relación con el Alcázar de Segovia, Segovia, 1984, pp. 33-41.

Suarez, L., Los Condestables de Castilla y la Casa del Cordon de Burgos, Caja de Ahorros Municipal de Burgos, 1987.

Noticias del Prado. Levantamiento de depósitos. Barcelona. Museo de Arte de Cataluña, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 8, Madrid, 1987, pp. 206.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº2944.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina, arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, Madrid, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, José Luis (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 417.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2944.
2944. Retrato de Dn Fernando 5º / el Catolico; los guantes en la mano / izquierda apoyada en una mesa con / tapete carmesi, y en la derecha el cetro. / Montañés. La misma medida que / los dos anteriores. (En letras rojas, Pasó al Museo de Arte Moderno)

Actas del envío de cuadros del Prado al Museo de Arte Moderno. Núm. 2944.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1889. Núm. 190.

Inv. General del Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899-1902. Núm. 374.

Registros-Inventarios Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, 1900-1936. Núm. 79-M y 114-M.

Inscriptions +

Front, lower left corner

D. Fernando 5.o
Scrap of paper. Back

D. FERNANDO V murió 1516
Inscribed in black. Front, lower central area

Inscribed in black. Stretcher, crossbeam

Location +

Segovia - Alcázar de Segovia (Deposit)

Displayed objects +

Ceramic floor

Crown / Wreath


Update date: 28-01-2022 | Registry created on 10-03-2016

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