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Garland of Flowers with Saint Camillus de Lellis
Pérez, Bartolomé
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Pérez, Bartolomé

Madrid, 1634 - Madrid, 1698

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Garland of Flowers with Saint Camillus de Lellis

Second half of the XVII century. Oil on canvas. Not on display

This work belongs to a series of six paintings, of which only five have survived (P1056, P1057, P5095, P5099 and P5250). Cruzada Villaamíl (1865) registered the three that he included in his catalog (P1056, P5250 and P5099) among the anonymous paintings from the Valencian school, although he hazarded an attribution to Bartolomé Pérez between question marks. Madrazo’s 1878 catalog from the Museo del Prado is the first to include two of these works (P1056 and P1057, listed as numbers 2174E and 2174F in that catalog), and there, they already appear as works by Bartolomé Pérez.

When he included those two paintings in the museum’s catalog, Madrazo wrote that they came from the Convent of San Diego in Alcalá de Henares, where there were five more, according to the inventories of the Royal Academy of San Fernando’s confiscation committee, which obtained them in 1836. That provenance was maintained in successive catalogs until 1996, although the works from this series (P1056 and P1057) were mixed up with other flower paintings attributed to Pérez that were also inexplicably assigned the same provenance (P1052, P1053, P1054 and P1055). Madrazo seems to have been confused by the fact that the inventory he consulted did not list the paintings’ dimensions. The series from the convent of San Diego in Alcalá must have disappeared entirely, but it was also registered in the Inventario general de los cuadros de la Trinidad existentes en el depósito y escogidos por la Comisión de la Academia, and must have consisted of seven paintings with much larger dimensions (112 x 196 cm) and horizontal formats: From Alcalá / Convnt. Of S. Diego / 111. Flower Paintings with a Saint in the center. 7 [paintings of second class], 4 x 7 feet.

The identity of the saint depicted on this garland is not clearly established. Cruzada Villaamil (1865) described him only as a Saint of the order of Lesser Clergymen with a Crucifix and a rosary in his hand. In 1878, Madrazo identified him as Saint Ignatius of Loyola, and that is how he appears in successive museum catalogs until 1963, when Sánchez Cantón listed him as Saint Francis Xavier, following the indications of Jesuit Miguel Batllori. While both saints have similar attributes, the provenance makes it almost certain that this is Capuchin saint Camilo de Lelis, who is generally depicted bearing a cross. Here, the mountainous landscape in the background might be an allusion to the Abruzzos, his native region (it is worth pointing out that Saint Francis Xavier is usually represented by the sea, meditating on the crucifix that he had lost in a storm and subsequently recovered when it was returned to him by a crab). This new identification seems to be confirmed by the Inventario de los cuadros y estatuas presentados en la inauguración del Museo Nacional de la Trinidad el 24 de junio de 1838, which lists The Savior and St. Camilo de Lelis both with a wreath of flowers on exhibition in the passageway of the Salón de la Patriarcal, but does not mention their provenance. The Savior appears in another garland from this series.

Álvarez Lopera, José, El museo de la Trinidad: historia, obras y documentos, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009, p.107

Technical data

Related artworks

Guirnalda de flores con San Felipe Neri
Oil on canvas, Second half of the XVII century
Inventory number
P001056
Author
Pérez, Bartolomé
Title
Garland of Flowers with Saint Camillus de Lellis
Date
Second half of the XVII century
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 95 cm; Width: 73 cm
Series
Convento de Capuchinos de Alcalá de Henares, Madrid
Provenance
Alcalá de Henares (Madrid), Convent college of Santa María Egipciaca, of the Franciscan Capuchins; Museo de la Trinidad.

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865, pp. 173.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo ilustrado de la Sala de Velázquez en el Museo del Prado, J. Laurent y Cia., Fotógrafos Editores, Madrid, 1899, pp. 23.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

El arte en la época de Calderón, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1981, pp. ?.

Pintura española de bodegones y floreros de 1600 a Goya /, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1983, pp. 125.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 504.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (II). Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991.

Pintores del Reinado de Carlos II, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1996, pp. 76.

St. Francis Xavier-His Life and Times, Tobu Museum of Art, Tokyo, 1999, pp. ?.

Portús, Javier, La Colección de Pintura Española en el Museo del Prado, Edilupa, Madrid, 2003, pp. 144.

Álvarez Lopera, José, El museo de la Trinidad: historia, obras y documentos, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 107.

Other inventories +

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 604.
604. / Una guirnalda de flores y en medio un sto del orden del clerigos menores fª como de acuarta y cuerpo entº autor / rectif.do alto 0,96 1/2 ancho 0,73 1/2 / f.do r.do y sin marco y colg.do en id.id. / nº 35 / S.E.

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 604.
CUADROS ANÓNIMOS DE LA ESCUELA VALENCIANA / 604. Florero. / Lienzo. - Al. 0,965. - An. 0,735. / ¿Bartolomé Perez? / Una orla de flores y dentro de ella un Santo de la órden de Clérigos Menores con un Crucifijo y un rosario en la mano.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 2174E.
2174 e.-Guirnalda de rosas, tulipanes y otras flores, con un medallon octógono en el centro en que está SAn Ignacio de Loyola.-Compañero del siguiente. / Procede del convento de San Diego de Alcalá de Henáres, donde había otros cinco más, segun los inventarios de la Comision incautadora de la Real Academia de San Fernando, que los recogió en 1836. / Alto, 0,95; ancho 0,73.-L.

Inscriptions +

T 604
Scrap of paper. Front, lower right corner

Exhibitions +

St. Francis Xavier. His life and times
Tobu
10.06.1999 - 20.07.1999

St. Francis Xavier. His life and times
Yamaguchi
06.04.1999 - 30.05.1999

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Toledo
11.04.1997 - 11.05.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Sevilla
28.02.1997 - 06.04.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Murcia
24.01.1997 - 23.02.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Valencia
20.12.1996 - 19.01.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Zaragoza
15.11.1996 - 15.12.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Pamplona
11.10.1996 - 10.11.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Vitoria
06.09.1996 - 06.10.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Santander
17.05.1996 - 16.06.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
León
12.04.1996 - 12.05.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Vigo
29.02.1996 - 31.03.1996

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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