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John II of Castile
Prats y Velasco, Francisco
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Prats y Velasco, Francisco

Málaga, 1848, 1883

See author's file

John II of Castile

1848. Oil on canvas. On display elsewhere

The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Inventory number
Prats y Velasco, Francisco
John II of Castile
Height: 226 cm.; Width: 141 cm.
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Ossorio y Bernard, M., Galería biográfica de artistas españoles del Siglo XIX, Giner, Madrid, 1975, pp. 555.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Barcelona. III, Cuenca y Segovia. Segovia. Alcázar, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VII, 1986, pp. 197.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina: arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, J.L (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 491.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2945.
'2945. Rretrato de Dº Juan 2º / Copia sacada por D. Franco Prats / alto 8 pies; Ancho 5 pies''.

Inscriptions +

Prats F./1848
Signed and dated. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

D. JUAN II murió 1454
Inscribed in black. Front, lower central area


There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Location +

Segovia - Alcázar de Segovia (Deposit)

Displayed objects +


Crown / Wreath

Update date: 28-07-2021 | Registry created on 08-04-2016

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