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Margaret, Duchess of Parma / Mary of Portugal, Wife of Alessandro Farnesse
Mor, Anthonis
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Mor, Anthonis

Utrecht (Netherlands), 1516 - Antwerp? (Belgium), 1576

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Margaret, Duchess of Parma / Mary of Portugal, Wife of Alessandro Farnesse

After 1565. Oil on panel Not on display

On the diptych’s left door, Mor portrays Alexander Farnese’s mother, who was Charles V’s illegitimate daughter by Juana van der Gheyst. Born in Audenarde in 1521, she died in Ortonna in 1586 after marrying twice in the emperor’s interest. Her first husband was Alexander of Medici, and after his death, she married Octavius Farnese, Duke of Parma. Following her second husband’s death, she was appointed Reagent of the Netherlands in 1559 by Philip II, who had recently returned to Spain to take the throne. In 1567, Margaret voluntarily resigned in disagreement with the Duke of Alba, who then took over her post.

Mor presents Margaret kneeling in a three-quarter view, turned to the right and holding a rosary. With his customary precision, he captures her energetic facial features, reddish hair, black dress and white ruff collar. Unlike the portrait of her daughter-in-law, Margaret of Parma does not look out at the viewer. Her appearance is thus much more reserved and distant that that of Mary of Portugal. The diptych’s right door presents Mary of Portugal at prayer. Born to King John III of Portugal’s brother, Duarte in Lisbon in December 1538, she married Alexander Farnese in 1565 and died in Parma in 1577. Therefore, this work must not have been painted before that wedding, and it is customarily dated after 1565. Mary kneels in front of a kneeler, turned to the left in a three-quarters view. She wears a copper-colored dress with gold-striped white sleeves, a ruff collar and double white cuffs. A rich, four-stranded chain hangs around her neck. While the small, rather than life-sized model used for this depiction is traditional in depictions of praying figures, the painter retains his customary approach, including his meticulous technique, the manner in which Mary turns her face toward the viewer, and her reserved expression, which is fitting for court portraits.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura flamenca de los siglos XV y XVI: guía, Madrid, Museo del Prado, Aldeasa, 2001, p.260-261

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Technical data

Inventory number
P002117
Author
Mor, Anthonis
Title
Margaret, Duchess of Parma / Mary of Portugal, Wife of Alessandro Farnesse
Date
After 1565
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
Height: 39 cm.; Width: 30 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (colección Felipe V, Quinta del duque del Arco, El Pardo-Madrid, sexta pieza que sirve de gabinete, 1745, [¿nº 113 y 114?]; Quinta del duque del Arco, pieza sexta de gabinete, 1794, nº 105 y 107)

Bibliography +

Llanos y Torriglia, F. de, Portugal en el Museo del Prado (Separata), Asociacion Española para el Progres, Madrid, 1925, pp. lám.4.

Marlier, Georges, Antonio Moro, Bruselas, 1934, pp. 107.

Nowe, H., Keizer Karel en Zijn Tijd., Museum Voor Schone Kunsten, Gante, 1955.

Menéndez Pidal, Ramón, Historia de España, XIX, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1958, pp. 402/ lám.305.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 441.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura flamenca de los siglos XV y XVI: guía, Museo del Prado, Aldeasa, Madrid, 2001, pp. 260-261.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel; Martínez Cuesta, Juan; Pérez Preciado, José Juan, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio. Inventarios Reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia, Madrid, 2004, pp. 430-431.

Rose, Barbara, ''Antonio Moro y los orígenes del retrato de corte español'' en: In sapientia libertas : escritos en homenaje al profesor Alf..., Museo Nacional del Prado: Fundac, Madrid, 2007, pp. 172-181.

Maurer, G., Goya: lo bello y lo recóndito. En: La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 150.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., La belleza encerrada: de Fra Angelico a Fortuny, folleto, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 19 n.56-57.

Mena Marqués, M.; Albarrán, V., Azúa, F. de, La belleza cautiva. Pequeños tesoros del Museo del Prado, Museo del Prado - Obra Social ''La Caixa'', Barcelona, 2014, pp. 100.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. [¿113?].
Sexta Pieza que sirue de Gavinete [...] [113-116] Quatro retratos de medio cuerpo, de dos mugeres vestidas a lo antiguo, y dos hombres uno de golilla, y otro a lo antiguo, dos marcos de ellos dorados, y tallados los otros dos=

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. [¿114?].
Sexta Pieza que sirue de Gavinete [...] [113-116] Quatro retratos de medio cuerpo, de dos mugeres vestidas a lo antiguo, y dos hombres uno de golilla, y otro a lo antiguo, dos marcos de ellos dorados, y tallados los otros dos=

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 105.
Pieza 6ª del Gavinete [...] [4807] 105 / Otro [quadro] de una tercia de alto y siete dedos de ancho que hace entrepaños, un figura de rodillas: Su Autor Juan de Juanes: en ... 450

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 107.
Pieza 6ª del Gavinete [...] [4809] 107 / Otro [quadro] de una tercia de alto y siete dedos de ancho, que hace entrepaños: su Autor Juan de Juanes: en ... 450

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1714.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1714.
Moro / 1714. Dos retratitos de señora. / Están en oración y cada cual ocupa su / compartimiento separado. Llevan vestido / oscuro y valona. (tabla.) / Alto 1 pie, 4 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 1 pie, 1 pulg, 6 lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 1493.
1493.-(1714-R.)-Retratos de señoras desconocidas. Son dos, que en su orígen estuvieron separados, formando las dos portezuelas de un tríptico ú oratorio perdido. Ambas retratadas están en oracion, arrodilladas y con las manos juntas. / Alto 0,39; ancho 0,76.-L.

Exhibitions +

Captive Beauty. Small Treasures at the Prado Museum
Barcelona
16.07.2014 - 05.01.2015

Captive Beauty. Fra Angelico to Fortuny
Madrid
21.05.2013 - 10.11.2013

Displayed objects +

Jewels

Rosary

Update date: 25-07-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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