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Maria Amalia of Saxony
Mengs, Anton Rafael
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Mengs, Anton Rafael

Aussig, Bohemia, 1728 - Roma, 1779

Miniatura autor

Maria Amalia of Saxony

Ca. 1761. Oil on canvas, 154 x 110 cm.

A frontal view of the Queen. She sits, wearing a red silk dress with white sleeves and bonnet. Her right arm rests very naturally on a table, while her left holds a book. She is marking one of the pages with her finger as though she had just interrupted her reading. This is quite common in female portraits. Maria Amalia was born to Friedrich Augustus III, King of Poland and elector of Saxony; and Mary Josephine of Austria, in 1724. She married Carlos VII, king of Naples and future Carlos III of Spain, in 1738 and died in Madrid in 1760, barely a year after taking the throne there. The background of pillars and green curtains configures this official portrait of the Queen of Spain, a pendant of that of her husband (P02200). Mengs probably made this painting around 1761, shortly after he arrived in Madrid. By then, the queen had already died, making this a posthumous portrait. That may explain why there are no replicas or copies, which were so numerous in the case of Mengs´ portrait of her husband.

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Technical data

Related artworks

Charles III
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1765
Inventory number
P02201
Author
Mengs, Anton Rafael
Title
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Date
Ca. 1761
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 154 cm.; Width: 110 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Royal Palace, Madrid, “callejón de paso a las tribunas”, 1814-1818, s.n.?)

Bibliography +

Inventario Palacio Nuevo. 1794, Madrid, 1794.

Antonio Rafael Mengs : 1728-1779 : noticia de su vida y de s, Madrid [s.n.],, 1929, pp. 12.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los retratos de los Reyes de España, Barcelona Omega, 1948, pp. lám.156.

Honisch, Dieter, Anton Raphael Mengs Und Die Bildform des Fruhklassizismus, Recklinghausen Aurel Bongers, 1965, pp. 101-102.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Madrid Museo del Prado, 1972.

Permanencia de la memoria: cartones para tapiz y dibujos de, Zaragoza Gobierno de Aragón, Departamento de Educación y Cu, 1977, pp. 77.

Antonio Rafael Mengs: 1728-1779, Madrid Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General del Patri, 1980.

De Seto, Cesare, Arti e Civilta del Settecento a Napoli, Roma Laterza, 1982, pp. 312, 391/ lám.5.

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985.

Barghahn, Barbara Von., Age of Gold, Age of Iron. Renaissance Spain and Symbols of M, Lanham.Nueva York University Press of America,, 1985, pp. lám.1280.

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985, pp. 418.

Arnáiz, José Manuel, Los pintores de la Ilustración, Madrid Ayuntamiento, Concejalía de Cultura, 1988, pp. 28.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales. Carlos III. 1789-1790. Vol. I, Madrid Patrimonio Nacional, 1988, pp. 42.

Iglesias, Maria del Carmen, Carlos III y la ilustración: 1788-1988, Madrid Ministerio de Cultura, 1988, pp. 434.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Madrid Museo del PradoEspasa Calpe, 1990.

Luna, Juan J., Pintura europea del siglo XVIII : guía, Madrid : Museo del Prado, 1997, pp. 158.

Roettgen, Steffi, Anton Raphael Mengs, 1728-1779, Munchen Hirmer Verlag, 1999, pp. 234.

Jordan de Urríes y de la Colina, Javier, Sobre la Lista de las pinturas de Mengs, existentes, o hechas en España MUSEO DEL PRADO, 2000, pp. 81.

Carlos IV :mecenas y coleccionista : Patrimonio Nacional : Sociedad Es, 2009, pp. 122-124.

Other inventories +

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. ¿s. n.?.
Pinturas que existen en el Callejón / que llaman de paso a las Tribunas colgadas y sin colgar [...] {21952-21953} Dos varas alto vara y media ancho, Carlos III armado = doña Maria Amalia = Mengs

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1955.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1440d.

Exhibitions +

Carlos IV, mecenas y coleccionista [antiguo: Gusto neoclásico. Arte y poder en la Corte de España]
Madrid
22.04.2009 - 19.07.2009

Tha majesty of spain. Royal collections from the Museo del Prado & patrimonio nacional (La majestad de España)
Jackson MS
01.03.2001 - 03.09.2001

Permanencia en la memoria . Cartones para tapices y dibujos de Goya
Zaragoza
14.02.1997 - 06.04.1997

Carlos III y la Ilustración
Barcelona
27.02.1989 - 16.04.1989

Carlos III y la Ilustración
Madrid
09.11.1988 - 22.01.1989

Location +

Room 020 (On Display)

Update date: 15-12-2015 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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