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Maria Amalia of Saxony
Mengs, Anton Raphael
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Mengs, Anton Raphael

Aussig, Bohemia, 1728 - Roma, 1779

Miniatura autor

Maria Amalia of Saxony

Ca. 1761. Oil on canvas, 154 x 110 cm.

A frontal view of the Queen. She sits, wearing a red silk dress with white sleeves and bonnet. Her right arm rests very naturally on a table, while her left holds a book. She is marking one of the pages with her finger as though she had just interrupted her reading. This is quite common in female portraits. Maria Amalia was born to Friedrich Augustus III, King of Poland and elector of Saxony; and Mary Josephine of Austria, in 1724. She married Carlos VII, king of Naples and future Carlos III of Spain, in 1738 and died in Madrid in 1760, barely a year after taking the throne there. The background of pillars and green curtains configures this official portrait of the Queen of Spain, a pendant of that of her husband (P02200). Mengs probably made this painting around 1761, shortly after he arrived in Madrid. By then, the queen had already died, making this a posthumous portrait. That may explain why there are no replicas or copies, which were so numerous in the case of Mengs´ portrait of her husband.


Technical data

Related artworks

Charles III
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1765
Inventory number
Mengs, Anton Raphael
Maria Amalia of Saxony
Ca. 1761
High/Height: 154 cm.; Width: 110 cm.
Royal Collection (Royal Palace, Madrid, “callejón de paso a las tribunas”, 1814-1818, s.n.?)

Bibliography +

Inventario Palacio Nuevo. 1794, Madrid, 1794.

Antonio Rafael Mengs : 1728-1779 : noticia de su vida y de s, [s.n.], Madrid, 1929, pp. 12.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los retratos de los Reyes de España, Omega, Barcelona, 1948, pp. lám.156.

Honisch, Dieter, Anton Raphael Mengs Und Die Bildform des Fruhklassizismus, Aurel Bongers, Recklinghausen, 1965, pp. 101-102.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Permanencia de la memoria: cartones para tapiz y dibujos de, Gobierno de Aragón, Departamento de Educación y Cu, Zaragoza, 1977, pp. 77.

Antonio Rafael Mengs: 1728-1779, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1980.

De Seto, Cesare, Arti e Civilta del Settecento a Napoli, Laterza, Roma, 1982, pp. 312, 391/ lám.5.

Barghahn, Barbara Von., Age of Gold, Age of Iron. Renaissance Spain and Symbols of M, II, University Press of America, Lanham.Nueva York, 1985, pp. lám.1280.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 418.

Iglesias, Maria del Carmen, Carlos III y la ilustración: 1788-1988, I, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1988, pp. 434.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales. Carlos III. 1789-1790. Vol. I, I, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 1988, pp. 42.

Arnáiz, José Manuel, Los pintores de la Ilustración, Ayuntamiento, Concejalía de Cultura, Madrid, 1988, pp. 28.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Luna, Juan J., Pintura europea del siglo XVIII : guía, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1997, pp. 158.

Roettgen, Steffi, Anton Raphael Mengs, 1728-1779, I, Hirmer Verlag, München, 1999, pp. 234.

Jordan de Urríes y de la Colina, Javier, Sobre la Lista de las pinturas de Mengs, existentes, o hechas en España, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XVIII, 2000, pp. 81.

Carlos IV :mecenas y coleccionista, Patrimonio Nacional: Sociedad Es, 2009, pp. 122-124.

Other inventories +

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. ¿s. n.?.
Pinturas que existen en el Callejón / que llaman de paso a las Tribunas colgadas y sin colgar [...] {21952-21953} Dos varas alto vara y media ancho, Carlos III armado = doña Maria Amalia = Mengs

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1955.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1440d.

Exhibitions +

Carlos IV, mecenas y coleccionista [antiguo: Gusto neoclásico. Arte y poder en la Corte de España]
22.04.2009 - 19.07.2009

Tha majesty of spain. Royal collections from the Museo del Prado & patrimonio nacional (La majestad de España)
Jackson MS
01.03.2001 - 03.09.2001

Permanencia en la memoria . Cartones para tapices y dibujos de Goya
14.02.1997 - 06.04.1997

Carlos III y la Ilustración
27.02.1989 - 16.04.1989

Carlos III y la Ilustración
09.11.1988 - 22.01.1989

Location +

Room 020 (On Display)

Update date: 29-09-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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