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Naval Battle off a rocky Coast
Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz
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Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz

Haarlem, 1566 - Haarlem, 1640

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Naval Battle off a rocky Coast

1626 - 1627. Oil on panel. Not on display

This painting was listed in the Museum catalogues as an anonymous work from the Dutch school until 1920, although from 1885 onwards it was noted that Bredius ascribes it to Aert Anthonisz. van Antum (ca. 1579/80-1620). The attribution was adopted from the 1936 catalogue onwards. However, Vroom`s signature is perceptible beneath the repainted flag bearing the Burgundy cross which covers the original Dutch flag. Since the picture featured in the inventory of the possessions of Queen Isabella Farnese (1746) as the work of an unknown artist, it is reasonable to think that the repainting to conceal the original flag dates from before it entered her collection. It is quite possible that the repainting was done to pass the scene off as a battle between the Spanish armada and the Turkish fleet. In the royal inventories and Museum catalogues, Naval Battle off a Rocky Coast is listed as the companion piece to Ships in a Storm, attributed here to Claes Claesz. Wou.

This panel features all the stylistic devices designed by Vroom to depict ships in the harbour or at sea and later adopted by his followers. As is typically found in the painter`s works, the colour is arranged into two strips: a dark foreground occupied by the sea, and a luminous, atmospheric plane in which water, sky and the small fragment of coastline blend. The precise, painstaking draughtsmanship with which the ships, the rigging and the flags are rendered contrasts with the more painterly execution of the water and the atmospheric effects. The paint is applied sparingly in gentle brushstrokes except in the metal ball and half moon that crown the masts flying the flags, which are executed with a small touch of yellow impasto and appear to be in relief.

Vroom painted his first naval battles in 1590. However, his works are mostly undated. This, coupled with his scant stylistic evolution, which is limited to the progressive lowering of the horizon line, makes it difficult to establish a timeline for his output. In this case the horizon line is very low, a practice which became widespread in Dutch painting in the 1620s. Moreover, the ship on the right and the fortification on the rocky outcrop that can be made out in the background feature in another of Vroom`s seascapes, Castle with a Ship sailing Nearby, dated 1626 (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado. 2009, p. 317).

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Technical data

Inventory number
P002159
Author
Vroom, Hendrick Cornelisz
Title
Naval Battle off a rocky Coast
Date
1626 - 1627
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
Height: 37 cm.; Width: 58 cm.; Alto con marco: 49.5 cm.; Ancho con marco: 70.5 cm.; Fondo con marco: 5 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (colección Isabel Farnesio, Palacio de La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, pieza de la chimenea junto al tocador, 1746, nº 678; La Granja, pieza cuadrada inmediata al dormitorio, 1766, nº 678; Palacio de Aranjuez, Madrid, pieza de música, 1794, nº 678).

Bibliography +

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 205.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 826.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº1490.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel; Martínez Cuesta, Juan; Pérez Preciado, José Juan, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio. Inventarios Reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia, Madrid, 2004, pp. 507.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 150-152.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, El paisaje nórdico en el Prado. Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2011, pp. 117-118,162, n. 41.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Rubens, Brueghel, Lorrain. A Paisagem Nórdica do Museu do Prado, Museu Nacional de Arte Antiga - INCM - Museo Nacional del Prado, Lisboa, 2013, pp. 115,159 n.41.

Other inventories +

Inv. Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1746. Núm. 678.
677-678 / Dos Pinturas en Tabla, de mano no conocdª que reptªn. dos Marinas en la una, un Nauio con tempestad: En la otra dos Marchantes en bonanza tienen à media vara menos quatro dedos de alto, y dos pies de ancho. Marcos dorados lisos ... 2

Inv. Testamentaría Isabel Farnesio, La Granja, 1766. Núm. 678.
Pieza quadrada immediata al Dormitorio [...] 677, 678 / Ôtros dos paises de marina marcos dorados lisos en tabla, de dos pies y medio de largo, y pie, y medio de alto, valen seiscientos rrs

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Aranjuez, 1794. Núm. 678.
Pieza de musica [...] {204} 678 / Otro [quadro] de la misma medida que el anterior [dos pies de largo y uno y quarto de alto]. Vistas de Marina en bonanza. Ydem [Adan Villarts] ... 1000

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. 678.
Consejo de Estado [...] {20963} 677 / Dos pies largo cinco quartas alto, vistas de marina con navio en tempestad = Adan Villart = lo mismo el 678 navio en bonanza

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. 100.
SALÓN 1º / ESCUELA HOLANDESA / Ciento. Combate de dos Buques / T / 2.660

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1490.
Escuela holandesa. / 1490. Combate de dos buques. / Son de grueso porte, uno cristiano y otro morisco. (tabla.)</br>Alto 1 pie, 4 pulg; ancho 2 pies, 1 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1956.
1956.-(1490-N.)-Marina.- Combate de dos buques de alto bordo, uno cristiano y otro morisco. / Col. de Doña Isabel Farnesio, Pal. de San Ildef. / Alto 0,37; ancho 0,58.-T.

Exhibitions +

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Lisboa
03.12.2013 - 30.03.2014

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Palma de Mallorca
20.06.2013 - 29.09.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Sevilla
14.03.2013 - 02.06.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Zaragoza
20.12.2012 - 24.02.2013

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Valencia
25.09.2012 - 25.11.2012

Rubens, Brueghel, Lorena. El paisaje nórdico en el Prado
Santiago de Compostela
01.12.2011 - 18.03.2012

Dutch Painters at the Prado
Madrid
03.12.2009 - 11.04.2010

Displayed objects +

Cannon

Transport, Maritime / Transport, River

Update date: 16-10-2020 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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