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Philip V, King of Spain
Ranc, Jean
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Ranc, Jean

Montpellier (France), 1674 - Madrid (Spain), 1735

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Philip V, King of Spain

1723. Oil on canvas Room 021

This is an official portrait of Felipe V (1683-1746), the first Bourbon king of Spain. The grandson of Louis XIV (1638-1715) of France, he was born in Versailles and was proclaimed King of Spain in 1700. Married two times, he had numerous children and died in Madrid in 1746. The king wears armor and carries a ruler´s staff. A warrior´s helmet rests on a stone in front of him. Along with the sumptuous embroidered frock coat and red girdle at his waist, which indicate his regal condition, he wears the insignia of the Golden Fleece and the sash of the Saint Esprit, symbols of his Spanish dominion as heir to the House of Burgundy, and of his French origins. This composition became the model for official portraits of the King and was repeated on innumerable occasions by various artists with scant variations. It stands out for its elegance, refinement and distinction, characteristics directly connected to French painting of that moment, especially the production of Hyacinthe Rigaud (1659-1743), who was Ranc´s teacher and the chamber painter to Louis XIV and Louis XV of France. This painting is the companion to the portrait of the King´s wife, Isabel de Farnesio (P2330), which is also in the Prado Museum collection. Both works were saved from the 1734 fire at Madrid´s Alcázar Palace and moved to the Buen Retiro Palace.

Technical data

Related artworks

Philip V on Horseback
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1723
The Family of Philip V
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1723
Inventory number
P002329
Author
Ranc, Jean
Title
Philip V, King of Spain
Date
1723
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 144 cm.; Width: 115 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Royal Palace of La Granja de San Ildefonso, Segovia, 1723-1724; Madrid, 1724; Ranc workshop, Madrid, 1735, n. 1156[1]; Furriera del Rey-Casas arzobispales, “salón principal”, 1747, n. 250; Royal Palace of El Buen Retiro, Madrid, “cuarto del infante don Javier”, 1772, n. 250; El Buen Retiro Palace, 1794, n. 596; Royal Palace, Madrid, “cuarto del capitán de guardias”, 1814-1818, n. 596)

Bibliography +

Inventario de las Pinturas del Museo Hecho a la Muerte del Rey, Texto fotocopiado, Madrid, 1834, pp. 35.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Luna, Juan José, Un centenario olvidado: Jean Ranc, Goya: Revista de Arte, 127, 1975, pp. 22.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 534.

Bottineau, Yves, El arte cortesano en la España de Felipe V (1700-1746), Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 1986.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso: retrato y escena del rey, Patrimonio Nacional; El Viso, Madrid, 2000, pp. 271.

El arte en la corte de Felipe V, Fundación Caja Madrid Patrimonio Nacional Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2002, pp. 437.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel; Martínez Cuesta, Juan; Pérez Preciado, José Juan, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio. Inventarios Reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia, Madrid, 2004, pp. 449.

Beltrán García-Echaniz, M., Aguado Serrano, C., Blas de Lezo. El valor de Mediohombre, Ministerio de Defensa, Madrid, 2013, pp. 126 n.25.

La Monarquía Hispánica en el Arte, Instituto Nacional de Bellas Artes y Literatura, Méjico, 2013, pp. 311 n.79.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Furriera del Rey, 1747. Núm. 250.
Salon prâl. [...] 250 / Ottro Rettratto del Rey nuesttro señor Don Phe quintto (que estta en gloria) de vara y dos ttercias de altto y vara y ttercia de ancho original de Don Juan Ranc en cinco mil Rs de vellon

Inv. Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1772. Núm. 250.
Quarto del Ynfante Don Xavier [...] {14537} 250 / Felipe V mas de medio cuerpo armado siete quartas de alto vara y tercia de ancho original de Ranc

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 596.
Otra [pintura] de Rigau, con un retrato de medio cuerpo de Felipe 5º, de vara y dos tercias de alto, y vara y tercia de ancho marco dorado...1000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 596.
Cuarto del Capitán de Guardias [...] {22165-22166} 596-598 / Dos varas de alto vara y tercia de ancho, Felipe quinto con peto y el cetro en la mano vestido y banda azul faja encarnada = su muger vestido y manto encarnado guarnecido y forrado de pieles = Van Loo

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1077.
RANC / 1077. RETRATO DE FELIPE 5º / COMPAÑERO DEL NUM. 940. / ALTO 5 PIES, 12 PULG; ANCHO 4 PIES, 1 PULG, 6 LIN.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 2061.

Exhibitions +

Yo, el Rey. La Monarquía Hispánica en el arte
México D.F.
01.07.2015 - 18.10.2015

Blas de Lezo, el valor de medio hombre
Madrid
18.09.2013 - 03.03.2014

El arte en la corte de Felipe V
Madrid
30.10.2002 - 26.01.2003

El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso. retrato y escena del rey
La Granja
15.06.2000 - 15.10.2000

El Real Alcazar de Madrid
Madrid
15.09.1994 - 13.11.1994

Location +

Room 021 (On Display)

Expuesto

Displayed objects +

Order of the Holy Ghost

Golden Fleece

Update date: 09-10-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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