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Procession with Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma
Tinti, Giovanni Battista (Attributed to)
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Tinti, Giovanni Battista (Attributed to)

Parma, 1558 - Parma, 1601

See author's file

Procession with Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma

Second half of the XVI century. Wash, White lead, Pencil, Pencil ground, Grey-brown ink on paper. Not on display

As Gabriele Finaldi has pointed out, the military leader with the magnificent plumed helmet on his head is Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma (1545-1592), and his coat-of-arms appear top center, almost directly above. He is evidently setting out for war: his grooms bring forward his charger behind him; three maidens, bearing objects symbolic of protection, sustenance, and wealth precede him; and leading the procession is a youth striding forward, brandishhing a trumpet, personifying Fame. Anchored ashore in the distance to the right are his fleets, awaiting his embarkation. The general´s best-known campaign was that of the suppression of the Protestant Revolt in the Netherlands during the mid-1580s. In 1587, Philip II appointed him his Regent in the Netherlands. The principal outlines of the composition have been gone over with the stylus for transfer, which suggest that the design was to be engraved. So far, no corresponding print has been identified. The traditional attribution of the drawing to the little-known Parmese painter, engraver and miniaturist Innocenzo Martini (1551-1623), may suggest that he made the engraving. Florian Härb suggested the present convincing attribution to the Parmese, Late Mannerist painter Giovanni Battista Tinti, with whose style this drawing fits closely: compare especially his study for the Madonna del Rosario in the Albertina, Vienna.

Technical data

Inventory number
Tinti, Giovanni Battista (Attributed to)
Procession with Alessandro Farnese, Duke of Parma
Second half of the XVI century
Wash; White lead; Pencil; Pencil ground; Grey-brown ink
Height: 282 mm.; Width: 340 mm.
Bequest of Pedro Fernández Durán y Bernaldo de Quirós, 1931; I. Brun

Bibliography +

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de dibujos. Dibujos italianos del siglo XVI (por Nicholas Turner, con la colaboración de José Manuel Matilla), V, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2004, pp. 396.

Turner, Nicholas, From Michelangelo to Annibale Carracci. A century of Italian drawings from the Prado, Art Services International, Chicago, 2008, pp. 396.

Other inventories +

Inv. Legado Pedro Fernández Durán, 1931. Núm. 1855.

Inscriptions +

inoce mart
Inscribed in pen and brown ink. Front, lower left corner

le gusto muchissimo
Inscribed in pencil. Back


There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Update date: 05-01-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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