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Saint Clement, Pope
Correa de Vivar, Juan
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Correa de Vivar, Juan

Mascaraque (Toledo), 1510 - Toledo, 1566

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Saint Clement, Pope

1540 - 1545. Oil on panel.
On display elsewhere

The figure has been identified as Saint Clement, a pope and a martyr from the 1st century (92–101). Originally Jewish, Saint Peter converted him to Christianity. According to tradition, he became a martyr by being thrown into the Black Sea with an anchor around his neck. In 867, Saints Cyril and Methodius transferred his remains to Rome and in so doing catalysed his devotional following. He is always depicted in papal dress, and this work is no exception. He is carrying a jewelled border and a brooch and is wearing an alb, a stole and a green-lined red cape (draped under his arm and across his waist). Crowned with a fine circular halo, his head is covered by the papal triple-crowned tiara, from which the lappets hang. He is wearing gold and ruby rings over his gloves. He bestows blessings with his right hand and carries a triple-barred patriarchal cross in his left. On this occasion, he is not accompanied by any of the characteristic symbols that accompanied him in depictions from the Middle Ages onwards. These symbols anchor the representation of martyrdom: a chapel surrounded by water (in remembrance of the one built for him by the angels at the bottom of the sea) and an Agnus Dei as a reference to one of his miracles. In this effigy, the saint stands facing the viewer on an earthy floor. In the background, as it used to be the painter’s style, a mountainous landscape with a city of classical buildings in circular and polygonal shapes can be discerned. The composition ends in a semi-circle. The spandrels are not decorated and would originally have been covered. The figure has been rendered with a certain sculptural quality. His noticeable frontality is offset by the gentle movement of his body and the folds of the garments, by the diagonal arrangement of the arms (in line with the crossed stole), and by the slight lateral deviation of his gaze.

Cortés, Susana Ocaña, Estrella, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. San Clemente, Papa' En:. Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Toledo, Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, 2010, p.126-127 n.13


Technical data

Related artworks

Inventory number
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Saint Clement, Pope
1540 - 1545
Height: 93 cm; Width: 40 cm
Pelayos de la Presa (Madrid), Cistercian Monastery of Santa María la Real de Valdeiglesias; Museo de la Trinidad, 1875.

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865, pp. 201.

Mateo Gómez, Isabel, Juan Correa de Vivar, C.S.I.C., Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1983, pp. 45.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Toledo y Ávila. Toledo. Museo de Santa Cruz, Boletín del Museo del Prado, V, 1984, pp. 67.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (II). Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimient..., Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemora, Toledo, 2010, pp. 126-127.

Cortés, Susana Ocaña, Estrella, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. San Clemente, Papa' En:, Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, 2010, pp. 126-127 n.13.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 859.
CUADROS ANÓNIMOS DE LAS PRIMITIVAS ESCUELAS ESPAÑOLAS [...] 859. Un Santo Papa. / Tabla.-Al. 0,925.-An. 0,405. - Fig. 0,69. / Epoca: último tercio del siglo XVI. / Vestido de pontifical, con la tiara en la cabeza y la cruz en la mano izquierda; con la derecha señala al cielo. Fondo, paisaje.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 679.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1889. Núm. 2154J.

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 859.
859. / Tabla. Un pontífice con tiara, capa encarnada y la cruz de Caravaca en la mano izqda. como de avara y cuerpo entº / autor / alto 0,64 ancho 0,41 / sin embarrotar ni con moldura lisa dorada y en / Nº 239 / G.P.

Exhibitions +

Quinto centenario del nacimiento del pintor Juan Correa de Vivar
16.12.2010 - 13.03.2011

Location +

Toledo - Museo de Santa Cruz (Deposit)

Update date: 28-05-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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