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The Virgin Appears to Saint Bernard
Correa de Vivar, Juan
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Correa de Vivar, Juan

Mascaraque (Toledo), 1510 - Toledo, 1566

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The Virgin Appears to Saint Bernard

1540 - 1545. Oil on panel Not on display

This scene from the life of Saint Bernard depicts the Virgin Mary’s apparition to the Cistercian monk and the miraculous milk he received from her breasts as thanks for his devotion. He is accompanied by his customary iconographic symbols: an abbot’s staff, the bishop’s miter that he rejected, and books alluding to the texts he dedicated to Mary. This work was originally the central panel of one of the altarpieces at the Monastery of San Martín de Valdeiglesias, Madrid. The Virgin Appears to Saint Bernard draws on a version of the altarpiece Saint Anthony Abbot and Saint Bernard, which Antonio Comontes made for the parish of Saint Andrew in Toledo. In the present work by Correa, the scene is set outdoors with agreeable vegetation and notable Renaissance architecture. Both the temple in the background and the low wall directly behind the kneeling saint differ from the architecture in Comontes’ version, which is more straightforward and characteristic of works from Toledo. Correa’s painting also presents a sort of small altar on which the abbot’s staff and two books rest. These may allude to one of those that the saint dedicated to Mary’s virginity, such as De laudibus Virginis. Saint Bernard’s fervent devotion to the Virgin was precisely rewarded with this celestial apparition in which he was further honored with the miraculous opportunity to taste a few drops of the milk with which she nursed the Christ Child. The entire work has been painted with very refined colors, especially the saint’s head, which is in rigorous profile and conceived with precise drawing and a delicate pictorial treatment that conveys the image of this saint that had persisted since the middle ages: a man with smooth and handsome features (Text drawn from Ruiz, L.: Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566. Maestro del Renacimiento español, 2010).

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Technical data

Related artworks

Lamentación ante Cristo muerto
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The Death of Saint Bernard
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Inventory number
P002832
Author
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Title
The Virgin Appears to Saint Bernard
Date
1540 - 1545
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
Height: 170 cm.; Width: 130 cm.
Provenance
Pelayos de la Presa (Madrid), Monastery of Santa María la Real, Valdeiglesias; Trinidad Museum.

Bibliography +

Ponz, Antonio (1725-1792), Viage fuera de España, II, en la imprenta de la viuda de Iba, 1792.

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865, pp. 204.

Post, Chandler Rathfon, A history of Spanish painting, IX, Harvard University Press, 1930-66, pp. 309.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catalogo de los cuadros del Museo del Prado /, Museo del Prado, 1945, pp. 152.

Gómez-Menor, J. M., Juan Correa de Vivar. Algunos datos documentales sobre su vida y su obra, Archivo español de arte, 39, 1966.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972, pp. 156.

Mateo Gómez, Isabel, Juan Correa de Vivar, C.S.I.C., Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1983, pp. 50.

Mateo Gómez, Isabel, Juan Correa de Vivar, C.S.I.C., Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1983, pp. 60 / lám. XXI.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 165.

Rafael en España /, Dirección General de Bellas Artes y Archivos, Madrid, 1985.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas, Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991, pp. nº918.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Madrid, 1996, pp. 83.

López Fanjul, M. Pérez Preciado, J. J., Los números y marcas de colección en los cuadros del Museo del Prado, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXIII, 2005, pp. 84-110.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. Aparición de la Virgen a San Bernardo' En:, Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, 2010, pp. 114-115 n.8.

Mateo Gómez, Isabel, Una inusual iconografía de San Pedro Mártir en una tabla de Juan Correa de Vivar., Archivo español de arte, Oc-Di, 2011, pp. 390-394.

Other inventories +

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 918.
918. / Tabla. Sn Bernardo arrodillado, recibiendo el nectar de la virgen, q.e esta en un trono de gloria fig. menor qe el nat.l y cuerpo entº / Autor / Rectifdo alto 1,67 ancho 1,27 pr la luz del marco. / Sin emb.tar ni r.ar con moldura dorada lisa y en id.id.id. / Nº 141 / G.P.

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 918.
CUADROS ANÓNIMOS DE LAS PRIMITIVAS ESCUELAS ESPAÑOLAS [...] 918. S. Bernardo. / Tabla.-Al. 1,71.-An. 1,30. - Fig. m. n. / Epoca: primer tercio del siglo XVI. / S. Bernardo en hábito de su órden de rodillas, orando, con el báculo sostenido sobre el hombro derecho, las manos juntas, la cabeza levantada admirando la aparicion de la Vírgen con su divino Hijo. Delante del Santo, una mesa sobre la cual hay dos libros y una mitra. En el fondo, detrás de una balaustrada de piedra, un edificio greco-romano rodeado de árboles.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1972. Núm. 2832.

Exhibitions +

Quinto centenario del nacimiento del pintor Juan Correa de Vivar
Toledo
16.12.2010 - 13.03.2011

Location +

(Deposit)

Displayed objects +

Dress / Religious o Clothing/Religious

Update date: 25-07-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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