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The Death of Saint Bernard
Correa de Vivar, Juan
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Correa de Vivar, Juan

Mascaraque (Toledo), 1510 - Toledo, 1566

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The Death of Saint Bernard

Ca. 1545. Oil on panel Not on display

On his deathbed, Saint Bernard is visited by the Virgin Mary, who places her right hand on his chest. She is accompanied by Saint Laurence and Saint Benedict. Two Bernadine Monks witness the scene from the background. In 1773, Antonio Ponz mentioned this composition, which he located in the cloister of the monastery of San Martín de Vadeiglesias. Another work at that monastery was The Apparition of the Virgin Mary to Saint Bernard (P02832), a larger piece with a semicircular arched top. The present work´s dimensions are practically identical to those of other panels on Christ-related subjects by Correa, which also come from that Cistercian monastery. This saint´s death was rarely depicted, so the monks must have given the painter a text or explicit reference to the meaning of the scene and the figures to be included. There is a clear relation between this work and the Transit of the Virgin, a fresco painted by Juan de Borgoña between 1509 and 1511 at Toledo Cathedral´s chapter hall. In both, the saint´s bed is parallel to the viewer, with the figures of Mary, Saint Laurence and Saint Benedict behind it and two monks in the background as witnesses to the miracle. In front of the bed, close to its headboard, a table bears a pewter plate or salver with two quinces. In Borgoña´s fresco, instead of a salver, the two fruits rest on a book. Both works also have a sort of situla with a swab in the immediate foreground, although the one appearing here, at Saint Bernard´s feet, is very straightforward and poor. The scene takes place indoors, in a noble setting with an arcade that opens onto the garden of a monastery cloister (Text drawn from Ruiz, L.: Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566. Maestro del Renacimiento español, 2010).

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Technical data

Related artworks

Lamentación ante Cristo muerto
Oil on panel, 1540 - 1545
The Virgin Appears to Saint Bernard
Oil on panel, 1540 - 1545
Inventory number
P005988
Author
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Title
The Death of Saint Bernard
Date
Ca. 1545
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
Height: 138 cm.; Width: 97 cm.
Provenance
Pelayos de la Presa (Madrid), Cistercian Monastery of Santa María la Real de Valdeiglesias; Museo de la Trinidad, 1875.

Bibliography +

Ponz, Antonio (1725-1792), Viage fuera de España, II, en la imprenta de la viuda de Iba, 1792.

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de los cuadros del Museo del Prado de Madrid, [s.n.], 1876, pp. 403.

Post, Chandler Rathfon, A history of Spanish painting, IX, Harvard University Press, 1930, pp. 308-309.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catalogo de los cuadros del Museo del Prado /, Museo del Prado, 1945, pp. 152.

Mateo Gómez, Isabel, Juan Correa de Vivar, C.S.I.C., Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1983, pp. 50-51.

Orihuela, Mercedes, El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en las provincias de La Coruña, Lugo, Orense y Pontevedra. Mondoñedo. Palacio Episcopal, Boletín del Museo del Prado, IX, 1988, pp. 141.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, II. Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. Muerte de San Bernardo' En:, Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, 2010, pp. 116-117 n.9.

Other inventories +

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 941.
941. / Tabla. Sn Bernardo Difunto, acompañado de / la Virgen, Sn Lorenzo, y otros Stos y dos religs del orden / de Sn Bernardo figs como de avara y cuerpo entº / autor Correa [Nota en registro inferior] Rectifdo Alto 1,32 Ancho 0,97 pr la / luz del marco [Nota en margen derecho] Sin id id Con moldura de pasta dorada / antigua y colgdo en id id [Nota en margen izquierdo] N12 / SS

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 2154A.

Exhibitions +

Quinto centenario del nacimiento del pintor Juan Correa de Vivar
Toledo
16.12.2010 - 13.03.2011

Location +

(Deposit)

Update date: 06-05-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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