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Spain pays Homage to Religion and Faith
Giaquinto, Corrado
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Giaquinto, Corrado

Molfetta, Apulia (Italy), 1703 - Naples (Italy), 1766

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Spain pays Homage to Religion and Faith

1759. Oil on canvas Not on display

In what is now the stairway at Madrid’s Royal Palace, Corrado Giaquinto developed a program depicting the Spanish Monarchy, its virtues and its historical mission to serve and defend Religion. Allegorical representations of Religion and the Catholic Church appear at the centre of Spain pays homage to Religion and to the Church, 1759. Religion is depicted as a woman carrying a cross in her left hand and resting her right on a pagan-looking altar. The white veil that hides her face alludes to religion’s incomprehensible mysteries. The Catholic Church is represented by a young woman being crowned. She reaches towards a tiara held by an angel. Around a palm-and-laurel wreath above them are allegorical representations of the virtues associated with Catholicism: Truth, which is a prerogative of Catholic faith; Strength, which sustains truth; Vigilance, insuring obedience to God’s laws; Reason, which vanquishes passion; and, finally, Counsel, which guides Christians to their salvation. Above them is a coat of arms of the Spanish monarchs, beneath which a shining dove of the Holy Ghost illuminates the entire composition.

Beneath Religion and the Catholic Church, Spain is represented by a woman wearing warrior’s garb and offering wheat spikes to the two figures above. This common representation of Spain appears in numerous seventeenth-century engravings, always dressed in Roman style and with one or more darts (arrows), wheat spikes and a shield. In the painting at Madrid’s Royal Palace, Spain’s shield rests on the ground at her feet. The origin of this image lies in Roman coins from the time of Augustus, Hadrian and Galba, on which Spain was frequently represented this way as an allusion to the bellicosity of its inhabitants and the abundance of its wheat. To the right and slightly below this figure, Giaquinto presents the virtues associated with Spain: Prudence, Steadfastness, Justice and Religious Zeal.

The lower part of Spain pays homage to Religion and to the Church is occupied by the continents, to which Fame announces the virtues and victories of the Spanish Monarchy. Curiously, given the relative importance of each continent in Spain’s history, pride of place is occupied not by America but instead by Africa, which takes the form of a black woman petting a griffin and standing in front of a group of captives. Asia appears to the right of the latter group and farther from the viewer in the form of a woman sitting on a camel. To the far right, and smaller, America is represented by a woman fleeing from the rays of light emanating from the Holy Ghost.

Overall, this work closely follows another Giaquinto painted, in 1744, for the dome of the church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, Rome. The group that crowns Saint Helen and the Emperor Constantine presented to the Trinity by the Virgin Mary is similar to the one in Madrid’s palace stairway (Úbeda de los Cobos, A.: Italian Masterpieces. From Spain´s Royal Court, Museo del Prado, 2014, p. 242).

Technical data

Inventory number
P006715
Author
Giaquinto, Corrado
Title
Spain pays Homage to Religion and Faith
Date
1759
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 160 cm.; Width: 150 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (New Royal Palace, Madrid, “antecámara de las señoras infantas”, 1794, s.n.; Royal Palace, Madrid, “habitación del infante don Carlos-tercera pieza”, 1814-1818, s. n.?).

Bibliography +

Ponz, Antonio (1725-1792), Viaje a España seguido de los dos tomos del viaje fuera de E..., M. Aguilar, 1947, pp. 521,527.

BELTRAN,ANTONIO., CATALOGO DEL MUSEO PROVINCIAL DE BELLAS ARTES DE ZARAGOZA., GUIAS DE LOS MUSEOS DE ESPAÑA XIX, DIRECCION GENERAL DE BELLAS ARTES, Zaragoza, 1964, pp. 51, nº 118.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso Emilio, En torno a Corrado Giaquinto, ARCHIVO ESPAÑOL DE ARTE, 44, 1971, pp. 388.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972, pp. nº 117.

Urrea Fernández, Jesús, La pintura italiana del siglo XVIII en España, Secretariado de Publicaciones de la Universidad, Valladolid, 1977.

L' art européen á la cour d'Espagne au XVIIIe siecle, Reunion des musees nationaux, Paris, 1979, pp. 182, nº 112.

Díez García, José Luis, "Alegoría del Casino de la Reina", de Vicente López, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VIII, 1987, pp. 169-181.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. 395.

El "Prado disperso". Cuadros depositados en Zaragoza. Escuela de Bellas Artes, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XVI, 1995, pp. 67.

Luna, Juan J., Pintura europea del siglo XVIII : guía, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1997, pp. 96.

Arnáiz, José Manuel, Antonio González Velázquez. Pintor de Cámara de su Majestad 1723-1792, Ediciones Antiquaria, Madrid, 1999, pp. 102.

El "Prado disperso". Levantamientos definitivos, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 17, 1999, pp. 169.

The Majesty of Spain. Royal Collections From the Museo del P, Mississipi Commission For Internati, Jackson,Mississipi, 2001, pp. 52.

Bonet Correa, Antonio, Un reinado bajo el signo de la paz: Fernando VI y Bárbara de de Braganza, 1746-1759, Ministerio de Educación, Cultura y Deporte, Madrid, 2002, pp. 409, nº 214.

Pérez Sánchez, A. E. (ed.), Corrado Giaquinto y España, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 2006, pp. 232-233.

Urrea Fernández, Jesús, Relaciones artísticas hispano-romanas en el siglo XVIII, Fundación de Apoyo a la Historia, Madrid, 2006, pp. 82.

La bella Italia : arte e identità delle città capitali, Silvana, 2011, pp. 254.

Ubeda de los Cobos, A, Corrado Giaquinto 'Spain pays homage to Religion and to Church' En:, Italian masterpieces from Spain's royal court, Museo del Prado, National Gallery of Victoria Thames & Hudson, 2014, pp. 242.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1794. Núm. s. n..
Antecamara de las Sªs. Ynfantas [...] {434} Dos de dos varas escasas de alto y vara y media de ancho: El primº. borron de la Voveda del Salon de Bailes: el segundo de la Escalera àseis mil reales cada uno. Corràdo ... 12.000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. ¿s. n.?.
Habitacion del Señor Infante Don Carlos [...] Tercera pieza [...] {21827} dos de dos varas y quarta de alto una y media de ancho = el triunfo de Baco - y el segundo alegoria - Corrado

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 392.
Corrado. / 392. alegoria. / Triunfo de la religión y de la iglesia, á quienes España acompañada de sus virtudes caracteristicas ofrece sus producciones, trofeos y victorias. / Boceto de la primera boveda de la escalera del real palacio de madrid. / Alto 6 pies; ancho 5 pies, 6 pulg.

Exhibitions +

Italian Masterpieces from Spain's Royal Court. Museo Nacional del Prado
Melbourne
16.05.2014 - 31.08.2014

La Bella Italia. Arte e identitá delle città capitali [Italia Storica]
Florencia
11.10.2011 - 12.02.2012

La Bella Italia. Arte e identitá delle città capitali [Italia Storica]
Turín
17.03.2011 - 11.09.2011

Corrado Giaquinto
Madrid
04.04.2006 - 25.06.2006

Fernando VI y doña Bárbara de Braganza
Madrid
01.11.2002 - 28.02.2003

Tha majesty of spain. Royal collections from the Museo del Prado & patrimonio nacional (La majestad de España)
Jackson MS
01.03.2001 - 03.09.2001

Displayed objects +

Armor

Heraldic

Mirror

Trompet: En la parte central hay un ángel tocando una trompeta triunfal recta, de una pieza de metal dorado. Es de tubo estrecho y cilíndrico en su mayor parte que se abre en campana al final. Sin agujeros digitales. La figura alada sostiene la trompeta con su mano derecha mientras sopla con fuerza en la embocadura. Corresponde al tipo de trompeta natural recta o antiguo añafil. Los sonidos se producen por la vibración de los labios contra la boquilla y emite la serie natural de armónicos (Proyecto Iconografía Musical, UCM).
Son instrumentos de señales, usados para la música militar o heráldica y es uno de los atributos de La Fama.

Book

Update date: 27-07-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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