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The Disrobing
Theotocópuli, Jorge Manuel (Copy after: El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos))
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Theotocópuli, Jorge Manuel (Copy after: El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos))

The Disrobing

Ca. 1606. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

There are several replicas and copies of The Disrobing, a unique canvas painted by El Greco between 1577–79. Harold Wethey ordered a total of fifteen works on this theme, plus a group of four half-length copies. El Greco directly participated in five of these compositions, and the remaining ten were included among the workshop´s productions or as later copies. The Disrobing held at the Museo del Prado is a painting whose greatest interest stems from the fact that it is the only work signed by the painter´s son, to whom a varied number of works have been attributed, but real authorship has not been proven. In most cases, these works are very unevenly executed and can hardly be related to a single person. In addition to the enormous differences in terms of pictorial quality, the Prado copy shows slight variations with respect to the Toledo composition. On the one hand, a crown of thorns has been placed on Christ´s head that does not appear in El Greco´s canvas. The figures shown in this painting are somewhat further away from the foreground, distanced from the viewer. The presence of the three women is also somewhat greater, as they have been elongated in comparison to the original. It should also be noted that, on the right-hand side, in the middleground, a figure has been included that is not depicted in the canvas at the cathedral: an elderly, grey-haired man with a beard and sparse hair with his back turned to the viewer. The head of the figure to his right is partially concealed in this copy, whereas his entire head is shown in the original painting. These details reinforce the idea that Jorge Manuel did not copy the canvas at the cathedral but that at the parish of Santa Leocadia, where both the crown of thorns and the figure with his back turned appear. Wethey had already considered this possibility, quoting the easier accessibility to the Santa Leocadia canvas compared to the one in the cathedral sacristy. Nevertheless, Pérez Sánchez pointed out that ‘the detail of the thief’s hand holding the rope to the right of Jesus comes from the Munich copy and is only visible in the ones in Orgaz and in the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Lyon.’ The similarities with The Disrobing in Orgaz are completed with the drawing of the sky, as the clouds ascend and converge as if into a cone shape, which are repeated in schematic form in Jorge Manuel´s version. The relationship between the two copies is quite close. The similarities are also maintained in terms of the quality of the painting. However, the one by El Greco´s son is of inferior quality than the one by Orgaz, from which the canvas in the Prado is possibly derived.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, El Greco en el Museo Nacional del Prado: catálogo razonado, Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2007, p.229-232

Technical data

Inventory number
P000832
Author
Theotocópuli, Jorge Manuel (Copy after: El Greco (Domenikos Theotokopoulos))
Title
The Disrobing
Date
Ca. 1606
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 106.8 cm; Width: 69 cm
Provenance
Museo de la Trinidad

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865, pp. 156 n.603.

Cossío, Manuel B.1857-1935, El Greco, Victoriano Suárez, Madrid, 1908, pp. 186.

Legendre, M. Hartmann, A, Domenico Theotocopouli dit el Greco, Hyperion, Paris, 1937, pp. 203.

Trapier, Elisabeth du Gué, The son of El Greco, Notes Hispanic (The Hispanic Society of America), 1943, pp. 1-47.

Camón Aznar, José, Dominico Greco, I y II, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1950, pp. 315,1349 n.163.

Soehner, Halldor, Estado actual de la investigación sobre el Greco, Clavileño, 1956, pp. 29,38.

Soehner, Halldor, Greco in Spainien. Teil II. Atelier und Nachfolge Greco's; Teil III katalog der Gëmalde Grecos, seines ateliers und seiner Nachfolge in Spanischem besitz, Münchner jahrbuch der bildenden Kunst, IX-X, 1958-1959, pp. 147-242 [218].

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967, pp. 198, 199.

Wethey, Harold, El Greco y su escuela, II, Guadarrama, Madrid, 1967, pp. 199 n.X-83.

Camón Aznar, José, Dominico Greco, I, Espasa-Calpe, Madrid, 1970, pp. 339 n.165.

Gudiol, José, El Greco 1541-1614: Doménikos Theotokópoulos, Polígrafa, Barcelona, 1971, pp. 328.

El Toledo de Domyco Theotocopuly: El Greco, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1982, pp. nº832.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 321.

La pintura española en su siglo de oro, Madrid, 1989.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (II). Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991, pp. nº603.

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1993, pp. 100.

Marías, Fernando, El Greco . Guía, Alianza Editorial - Fundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1998, pp. 56.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Greco : [guía de sala], Alianza Editorial: Fundación Amigos Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1998, pp. 56.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, El Greco en el Museo Nacional del Prado: catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 229-232.

El Greco y su taller, SEACEX, Madrid, 2007.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, El Greco arte y oficio, En: Cat. exp. El Greco arte y oficio, Fundación El Greco 2014, 2014, pp. n.21 p.172,226.

Ruiz Gómez, Leticia, 'El Greco arte y oficio. Invención e interpretación' En:, El Greco arte y oficio, Fundación El Greco 2014, 2014, pp. 40-65 [43-44].

Alvarez Lopera, José, 'El problema Jorge Manuel' En:, El Greco arte y oficio, Fundación El Greco 2014, 2014, pp. 156-191 [157-158,162,165,173].

Garrido Pérez, Carmen, El Greco pintor: estudio técnico, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 448.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 603.
ESCUELA TOLEDANA. [...] JORGE MANUEL THEOTOCOPULI. [...] 603. El Despojo de las vestiduras. / Lienzo. - Al. 1,07.- An. 0,69. - Fig. / Firmado, Jorge Manule Theotocopuli. / Copia del cuadro del Greco que se conserva en el altar de la sacristia de la catedral de Toledo.

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 603.
603. / El Prendimiento de Cristo con mucho acompañamiento como de avara y cuerpo entº / Fdo greco / Rectifdo Alto 1,06 1/2 ancho 0,69 / Fdo sin Rar y sin marco y Colgdo en id. id. / Nº 52 / S.B.

Inscriptions +

Je Manuel / Theotocopuly [sobre un cartellino]
Inscribed in black. Front, lower right corner

T-603
Scrap of paper. Front, lower left corner

52 Salon bajo [Tira de papel pegada al lienzo]
Inscribed in pen and ink. Front, lower left corner

Num. 232 / Entrada; 1 de Marzo / Trabajo: Limpieza y barnizado / a cargo de Jover/ Salida 16 Marzo 1934
Inscribed in pen and ink. Stretcher

Exhibitions +

El Greco. Arte y Oficio
Toledo
08.09.2014 - 09.12.2014

El Greco in the Prado
Madrid
04.12.2007 - 17.02.2008

El taller de El Greco
Atenas
15.10.2007 - 06.01.2008

De la interprestación a la transgresión. Copistas en México
México D.F.
28.11.1995 - 15.02.1996

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Toledo
25.02.1994 - 27.03.1994

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Sevilla
21.01.1994 - 20.02.1994

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Murcia
17.12.1993 - 16.01.1994

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Valencia
12.11.1993 - 12.12.1993

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Zaragoza
08.10.1993 - 07.11.1993

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Pamplona
03.09.1993 - 03.10.1993

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Santander
29.07.1993 - 29.08.1993

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Vitoria
25.06.1993 - 25.07.1993

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
León
21.05.1993 - 20.06.1993

Pintores del reinado de Felipe III
Vigo
15.04.1993 - 06.05.1993

La pintura española en su Siglo de Oro
Sofía
16.03.1989 - 16.05.1989

Location +

Toledo - Museo de El Greco (Deposit)

Displayed objects +

Lances / Spears: Alabarda

Armor

Objects from Christ's Passion: Corona de espinas

Update date: 10-06-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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