The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Collection <Back
The Villa Martinelli and the Palace of the Duke of Aquale in Posillipo (Naples)
Vanvitelli, Gaspare
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Vanvitelli, Gaspare

Amersfoort (Netherlands), 1652 - Rome, 1736

See author's file

The Villa Martinelli and the Palace of the Duke of Aquale in Posillipo (Naples)

1700 - 1733. Oil on canvas. Room 022

Gaspare Vanvitelli is unanimously considered the founder of the eighteenth-century urban veduta, which was based on close observation of views and drawing from life, including scenes of everyday events and contemporary society. Born in Holland, where he was known as Gaspar van Wittel, Vanvitelli was a disciple of still-life and landscape painter Matthias Withoos in Utrecht, one of the Dutch cities most marked by Italian culture. He moved to Italy in 1674, living in Rome, Naples and Venice, where he painted the first views in oil.

The Villa Martinelli and the Palace of the Duke of Aquale in Posillipo (Naples), early eighteenth century, was undoubtedly painted from life with the help of a camera obscura. It shows a small bay in the gulf of Posillipo, a region west of Naples whose name derives from the Greek Pausílypon, meaning rest from worries, as the bay is an ideal place for leisure. The palace on the left is the Villa Martinelli, also known as the Villa Cappella di Montesanto in its time. Built around 1700, it was replaced by a modern construction in 1952. The other building which dominates the composition belonged to the Duke of Aquale. This fortress-like building was constructed in 1629, during the viceroyal period, and rebuilt in 1849 by the Mazziotti family, who were barons of Celso. Behind it, the bay stretches back to Chiaia. In Vanvitelli’s veduta Mount Vesuvius is not visible but the Castel Sant’Elmo appears atop the Collina di San Martino, with the Certosa di San Martino to the right. In 1697 the Duke of Medinaceli, Viceroy of Spain, had Chiaia adorned with elegant stone-paved streets, willow trees and fountains. The setting is further enlivened by the gentlemen and ladies arriving in adorned feluccas to enjoy strolling along the waterfront, fishing and watching sailors on the beach as they haul their nets out of the water (Maurer, G.: Italian Masterpieces. From Spain´s Royal Court, Museo del Prado, 2014, p. 250).

Technical data

Related artworks

The Grotto at Posillipo (Naples)
Oil on canvas, First third of the XVIII century
Inventory number
P002462
Author
Vanvitelli, Gaspare
Title
The Villa Martinelli and the Palace of the Duke of Aquale in Posillipo (Naples)
Date
1700 - 1733
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 32 cm.; Width: 37 cm.
Series
Colección León Adolfo Laffitte
Provenance
León Adolfo Laffitte Maurin (1809-1876); by inheritance to Xavier Laffitte y Charlesteguy; donated by the latter to the Museo del Prado, 1930

Bibliography +

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Urrea Fernández, Jesús, La pintura italiana del siglo XVIII en España, Secretariado de Publicaciones de la Universidad, Valladolid, 1977, pp. 404.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 763.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, III, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996, pp. nº1531.

Luna, Juan José, Pintura europea del siglo XVIII: guía, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1997, pp. 105.

Maurer, G, Gaspare Vanvitelli 'The Villa Martinelli and the Palace of the Duke of Aquale in Posilipo' En:, Italian masterpieces from Spain's royal court, Museo del Prado, National Gallery of Victoria Thames & Hudson, 2014, pp. 250.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1532.
Autor, Witel, Vitelli o degli. / 1532. Asunto. Alrededores de Nápoles. / Lienzo, 32 x 37 cms. / Nº de catalogo, 2462. / Legado por don Xavier Laffitte en 1930...

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1933. Núm. 2462.

Exhibitions +

Italian Masterpieces from Spain's Royal Court. Museo Nacional del Prado
Melbourne
16.05.2014 - 31.08.2014

Location +

Room 022 (On Display)

Expuesto

Displayed objects +

Transport, Maritime / Transport, River

Update date: 23-05-2020 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Vanvitelli, Gaspare

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.

Up