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The Virgin and Child with Saints Elizabeth, John the Baptist and Catherine
Vouet, Simon
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Vouet, Simon

Paris, 1590 - Paris, 1649

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The Virgin and Child with Saints Elizabeth, John the Baptist and Catherine

1624 - 1626. Oil on canvas.
Room 003

This almost family scene shows the Christ Child and Saint John embracing each other while their respective mothers, Mary and Elizabeth, look on. The moment is witnessed by Saint Catherine, who accompanies them. She is leaning on a large wooden wheel, which symbolizes her martyrdom. The Lamb in the lower left corner alludes to the Passion of Christ and saddens the moment with its announcement of his destiny. On the right, the landscape is framed by a classical ruin adorned with a low relief. The background opens onto a lush landscape.

Inspired by Caravaggio, Carracci, Guercino and Reni, Simon Vouet was responsible for the introduction of the Italian Baroque to France. This work, in particular, was made during his stay in Rome and belonged to Casiano dal Pozzo (1588-1657), a Roman scholar, patron of the arts and collector. A drawing attributed by Papi (2020) to Vouet, that represents the Allegory of Poetry, kept in the Städel Museum in Frankfurt, uses the same young model who here personifies Saint Catherine as the protagonist.

Technical data

Inventory number
Vouet, Simon
The Virgin and Child with Saints Elizabeth, John the Baptist and Catherine
1624 - 1626
Height: 182 cm; Width: 130 cm
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Voss, H., Die Caravaggeske fruzeit von Simon Vouet, Zeitschrift fur Bildende Kunst, 1924, pp. 64.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 770.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Luna, Juan J., Simon Vouet y España, Grupo 16, Madrid, 1990, pp. 116.

Vouet, Réunion des Musées Nationaux, Paris, 1990.

Solinas, Francesco, I Segreti di un collezionista. Le straordinarie raccolte di Cassiano dal Pozzo, 1588-1657, Catálogo de la exposición, Edizioni de Luca, Roma, 2000.

Negro, Angela, Due Testine di Vouet nella Galleria Nazionale di Palazzo Barberini, Paragone, LXVII n. 795 maggio n.127, 2016, pp. 29-35 [32 lám. 35].

Papi, Gianni, Un misto di grano e di pula: scritti su Caravaggio e l'ambiente caravaggesco, Editori Paparo, Roma, 2020, pp. 179-185.

Kazerouni, Guillaume, "La Francia del Grand Siècle en las colecciones españolas", en Alzaga Ruiz, Amaya: El gusto francés y su presencia en España (XVII-XIX), Fundación Mapfre, Madrid, 2022, pp. 17-35.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 539.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1933. Núm. 539.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 539.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 591.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 934.
Escuela boloñesa. / 934. Asunto mistico. / La virgen de rodillas, tiene al niño Jesús, que quiere bajarse para abrazar a san Juan. Este, arrodillado y sostenido por santa Isabel, recibe afectuoso las caricias del niño. Santa Catalina esta como embelesada contemplando aquella escena. (Figuras de cuerpo entero.) / alto 6 pies, 6 pulg; ancho 4 pies, 8 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 934.

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Exhibitions +

Cassiano dal Pozzo
16.12.2001 - 16.03.2002

Rome 1600: Caravaggio, Carraci, Elsheimer and Rubens
20.01.2001 - 09.04.2001

I segreti di un collezionista: le straordinarie raccolte di Cassiano dal Pozzo (1588-1657)
29.09.2000 - 26.11.2000

Simon Vouet. 1590-1649
06.11.1990 - 11.02.1991

Location +

Room 003 (On Display)


Displayed objects +

Wheel, Gear

Update date: 09-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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