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The Virgin with the Child, Saint John and Three Angels
Cranach the Elder, Lucas
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Cranach the Elder, Lucas

Kronach (Germany), 1472 - Weimar (Germany), 1553

See author's file

The Virgin with the Child, Saint John and Three Angels

1536. Oil on panel. Not on display

One of Cranach´s customary compositions with the Virgin Mary holding the Christ Child on her lap. Jesus takes some grapes from the hands of young Saint John while three angels hold a finely wrinkled red cloth behind them, forming a sort of canopy. A landscape at the upper left of the painting recalls the artist´s training in the Danube school. This work is outstanding for its firm drawing, the predominance of line over color and the elegant play of curves, counter-curves and undulations in the characters´ hair. The light dilutes some profiles and slight sfumato effects create a certain degree of melancholy in the midst of this joyous scene.

Technical data

Inventory number
Cranach the Elder, Lucas
The Virgin with the Child, Saint John and Three Angels
Height: 121.3 cm.; Width: 83.4 cm.
Duchess of Valencia, 1980; Juan Abelló Gallo, 1988; acquired by the State as a non-recourse debt in 1988.

Bibliography +

P. M., F., En el palacio de los Duques de Valencia, Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Excursiones, 1921, pp. 146.

Jung, H., Traubenmadonnen und Weinheilige, Duisburg, 1964, pp. 12-15.

Friedländer, Max J., The paintings of Lucas Cranach, Sotheby's Parke Bennet, 1978, pp. 115.

Christensen, C.C., Princes and Propaganda: Electoral Saxon Art of the Reformation, Sixteenth Century Journal Publishers, Kirksville, 1992.

Luna, Juan J., Guia Actualizada del Prado, Alfiz, Madrid, 1995, pp. 8.

Posada Kubissa, T, Últimas adquisiciones: 1982-1995, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1995, pp. 96-98.

Noble, Bonnie-Jeanne, The Lutheran Paintings of the Cranach Workshop. 1529-1555 (Tésis doctoral), Ann Arbor, Illinois, 1998, pp. 319-388.

Noble, Bonnie, Lucas Cranach the Elder: Art and Devotion of the German Reformation, University Press of America, Maryland, 2009, pp. 163-197.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2224.
Autor: Cranach 'el Viejo', Lucas / 2224. Título: La Virgen con el Niño, San Juan Bautista y ángeles. / Tipo de obra: Pintura / Medidas: 1,213 X 0,834 m / Técnica/Soporte: óleo sobre tabla / Nº de catálogo: P-07440 / Observaciones: Firmado y fechado '1536/-(dragón)' a la izquierda, sobre el muro, debajo del paisaje. / Adquirido por el Estado a D. Juan Abelló Gallo en pago de deuda tributaria del IRPF 1987, en 60.000.000 Pts. Ingresó en el Museo el 20-VI-88

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Update date: 10-09-2020 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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