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View of El Campillo, the El Escorial Monks' country home
Agüero, Benito Manuel de
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Agüero, Benito Manuel de

Madrid (Spain), 1626 - Madrid (Spain), 1668

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View of El Campillo, the El Escorial Monks' country home

Third quarter of the XVII century. Oil on canvas. On display elsewhere

This work could be defined as a descriptive landscape combined with a genre scene of everyday life. Small figures inhabit a canvas that presents the buildings at El Campillo—a rest and recreation spot for monks and royalty—in the foreground, where it stands out against a light-colored sky with the Sierra de Guadarrama mountains in the distance.

El Campillo, now a private estate along the road linking San Lorenzo de El Escorial to Guadarrama, was originally a hamlet whose 120 inhabitants were expelled when it became a hunting ground. In 1596, Phillip II paid the Duke of Maqueda 40,000 ducats for its municipal terrains, which were subsequently absorbed by the recently completed Royal Monastery. The Estate and the Monastery were joined by two avenues, and the palace-fortress that stands in the middle ground at the center of the present composition was remodeled with stonework and masonry when it was purchased. Later, under Philip IV, it was expanded to include a new roof with outbuildings for the palace´s lodgings and services. These included the farm that appears on the left, where people are shown carrying out domestic chores, and this may have been the period when Agüero was commissioned to paint the present work.

The church in shadows to the right, alongside whose portico a Hieronymite monk converses with a man in period clothing, still exists and maintains its traditional devotion to the Holy Trinity.

This painting´s particularly elongated format suggests it would have hung over a doorway. It entered the Museo del Prado via the Royal Collection with an attribution to Martínez del Mazo, which was maintained until Tormo proposed its generally accepted attribution to Mazo´s disciple, Benito Manuel de Agüero.

Technical data

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Albumen on photographic paper, 1907 - 1915
Inventory number
Agüero, Benito Manuel de
View of El Campillo, the El Escorial Monks' country home
Third quarter of the XVII century
Height: 55.5 cm.; Width: 199 cm.
Royal Collection (Aranjuez Palace, Madrid, the Prince's quarters-dining room, 1794, unnumbered; Aranjuez, third room in the Prince's quarters, 1818, unnumbered)

Bibliography +

Quevedo, Jose, Historia del Real Monasterio de San Lorenzo del Escorial,Desde Su Origen y Fundacion Hasta Fin, Establecimiento Topografico de Me, Madrid, 1849, pp. 10-12, 108-109 y 144-147.

Rotondo, A., Historia Descriptiva,Artistica y Pintoresca del Real Monaste..., Dorregaray Editor, Madrid, 1863, pp. 14-15.

Dick, Stewart, Juan Bautista del Mazo, THE CONNOISSEUR: A MAGAZINE FOR COLLECTORS ILLUSTRATED, 27, 1910, pp. 3.

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. IV. Patrimonio Nacional. Monasterio de San Lorenzo de El Escorial, Boletín del Museo del Prado, II, 1981, pp. 51.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Urrea, Jesús, Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV, Museo del Prado-Caja de Ahorros de Navarra, Madrid, 1994, pp. 88.

Kagan, R. Simpson, M.S, Dos vistas de jardines del siglo XVII procedentes del Palacio Real de Aranjuez, Boletín del Museo del Prado., XXXVI, 2020, pp. 61-74.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Aranjuez, 1794. Núm. s.n..
Quarto del Principe N. S. [...] Pieza de Comer [...] [446] Cinco Quadros de 7 pies y dos dedos de largo dos pies de alto. Varias Vistas y Sitios Rs. dos de ellas del Escorial y el Campillo. Mazo ... 3000

Inv. Fernando VII, Aranjuez, 1814-1818. Núm. s. n..
QUARTO DEL PRINCIPE [...] Tercera pieza [...] {21021} 5 de 2 varas y media ancho 2 tercias alto el 1º pais con vistas del Campillo del Escorial los demas bosques Juan del Mazo

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 305.
Mazo / 305. Vista del campillo. / Casa de campo de los monges del monasterio de san Lorenzo. / Alto 1 pie, 11 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 7 pies, 1 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 794.
794.-Vista del Campillo. / Alto 0,55. Ancho 1,98.-Lienzo.-(Compañeros de los anteriores.) / Casa de campo de los monjes del Escorial. Descuellan en el silvestre terreno de esta posesión la iglesia, con un cobertizo en su puerta principal, la casa fuerte de piedra sillería, que áun se conserva, y una barraca, que ya no existe. La casa fuerte ó castillo ocupa el centro del cuadro, en segundo término. / Véase la nota al núm. 791.

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in white. Front, lower left corner


Exhibitions +

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
03.11.1995 - 03.12.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
28.09.1995 - 29.10.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
02.06.1995 - 02.07.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
28.04.1995 - 28.05.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
24.03.1995 - 23.04.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
17.02.1995 - 19.03.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
13.01.1995 - 12.02.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
02.12.1994 - 08.01.1995

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
28.10.1994 - 27.11.1994

Pintores del reinado de Felipe IV
22.09.1994 - 23.10.1994

Location +

Aranjuez - Palacio Real de Aranjuez (Deposit)

Update date: 29-06-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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