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Women Gladiators
Vaccaro, Andrea (Attributed to)
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Vaccaro, Andrea (Attributed to)

Women Gladiators

XVII century. Oil on canvas

This work belongs to a group from the History of Rome series for the Buen Retiro Palace. Dedicated to depictions of Roman public pastimes, the group includes athletes, gladiators, chariots, animal fights, mock sea battles and so on. Following initial doubts, the Buen Retiro Palace was conceived as a place of leisure, where it would be possible to forget the worries associated with running the monarchy. This group of paintings probably sought a simple association of the palace’s leisure activities and those of Antiquity.

In recent decades, efforts have been made to establish the existence of a series of paintings related to the History of Rome -including the present work- that Philip IV’s representatives would have commissioned in that city and in Naples around 1634 for the Buen Retiro Palace. Today, twenty-eight extant works can be related to this project (most in the Museo del Prado or Patrimonio Nacional), along with another six mentioned in Charles II’s will but now lost or destroyed. This total of thirty-four paintings constitutes the largest group from the Retiro, including the Hall of Realms. The only larger group consists of mythological scenes that the king’s brother, Cardinal-Infante don Fernando, commissioned Rubens to paint for the Torre de la Parada. The size of the Roman group is the first indication of its importance in the new palace (Text drawn from Úbeda de los Cobos, A. in: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2005, pp. 169-170; 176-177).

Technical data

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Inventory number
P000472
Author
Vaccaro, Andrea (Attributed to)
Title
Women Gladiators
Date
XVII century
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 175 cm.; Width: 200 cm.
Series
Historia de Roma Antigua, Palacio del Buen Retiro
Provenance
Royal Collection (New Royal Palace, Madrid, "paso del cuarto del infante don Luis", 1772, no. 472; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "pieza de comer", 1794, no. 472; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "pieza de comer", 1814-1818, no. 472).

Bibliography +

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso E., Pintura italiana del S. XVII en España, Universidad Fundación Valdecilla, Madrid, 1965, pp. 167.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 720-721.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Úbeda de los Cobos, A., El ciclo de la Historia de Roma antigua, En: El Palacio del Rey Planeta, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 169-189.

Úbeda de los Cobos, A., El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 176-177.

Luna, J. J., Guerra y pintura en las colecciones del Museo del Prado. S. XVI a Goya, Arte en tiempos de guerra Jornadas de Arte (14º.2008.Madrid), 2009.

Other inventories +

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 472.
Paso del quarto del señor Infante don Luis [...] {13191} 472 / Otro [quadro] de vnas mugeres luchando y otras en espetación de dos varas y quarta de largo y dos de caida original escuela italiana

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1794. Núm. 472.
Pieza de comer [...] {28} 472 / Dos varas y quarta de largo y dos de alto: Unas mugeres lidiando y otras en expectación: Escuela Romana: en ... 6000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 472.
Pieza de Comer [...] {21157} 472 / Dos varas y quarta largo dos de alto, mugeres lidiando y otras en espectación = escuela Romana

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 697.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 697.
Vaccaro. / 697. Combate de mujeres. / En un recinto delante de una galeria, precedidas por los magistrados, á vista de pueblo, dos mugeres combaten con furor armadas de escudos y espadas, mientras otras se disponen á entrar en la lucha: una de ellas yace en el suelo tendida. asunto de dificil esplicacion é interpretacion oscura. / Alto 6 pies, 3 pulg; ancho 7 pies, 1 pulg, 6 lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 518.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 472.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 472.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Update date: 04-06-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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