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Luis Meléndez: The Still Life
Catalogue

Luis Meléndez: The Still Life

Luis Meléndez: The Still Life

Madrid 2/17/2004 - 5/16/2004

The Museo Nacional del Prado has organised the present exhibition with the intention of evoking the figure of Luis Meléndez (1716-1780), master in the genre of still-life painting. In addition to the paintings in the Museum's own collection, the exhibition brings together a group of works from European and North American public and private collections.

The exhibition also features a display of objects commonly found in Meléndez's paintings with the aim of revealing the artist's astonishing ability to convey the reality of objects through his prodigious technique.

The exhibition will travel to the National Gallery of Ireland, Dublin, next June.

Curators:
Peter Cherry y Juan J. Luna

Access

Room 51A and 51B

Exhibition

The Still Life: Every Day Life

The Still Life: Every Day Life
Bodegón con peritas, pan, alcarraza, cuenco y frasca
1760
Oil on canvas, 47.8 x 34.6 cm.

The paintings of Melédez introduce us to the everyday life of the middle-classes in 18th-century Madrid. The magnificent still lifes on display in the exhibition provide us with information on eating habits and the kitchen implements and vessels used in kitchens of the day.

Among the most important foodstuffs were meat, game and above all fatty bacon, and every good stew had to include the latter. Fish was also much appreciated, either fresh or dried, despite the fact that it had a complex journey to reach the inland capital of Madrid, and was thus a sign of social prestige, and fresh fish was much more expensive than dried. Spices, bread (reputedly delicious in Madrid), fruit and vegetables as well as desserts are all amply represented in the artist's oeuvre. With regard to drink, there was nothing better for quenching thirst than fresh or flavoured water, as well as other non-alcoholic drinks such as lemonade or horchata. Also important was wine, and those produced in Valdemoro were famous at this period.

Looking at the implements and vessels, Meléndez included examples of traditional pottery that could be heated over the fire or used to hold liquids, and his paintings feature a wide variety of stewing pots, dishes and pitchers of various types. Almost all of these were made in Alcorcón, the leading ceramic manufacturing centre of the period. We also see Talavera ware in the classic round-bodied jug, as well as pieces from Manises with their characteristic metallic glaze. The artist also enjoyed painting copper objects, including a fine chocolate pot, referring to one of the most popular drinks of the day. The way that it was drink in Spain, with the chocolate so thick, astonished visitors to the country.

There is still more to be seen, however, and Meléndez includes glass objects, wood, wicker and objects made in the Viceroyalty of New Spain such as ceramic ware from Tonalá, Guadalajara (Mexico).

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