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A Landscape. Recollections of Andalusia: The Mediterranean Coast near Torremolinos
Haes, Carlos de
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Haes, Carlos de

Brussels (Belgium), 1826 - Madrid (Spain), 1898

Haes, Carlos de See author's file

A Landscape. Recollections of Andalusia: The Mediterranean Coast near Torremolinos

1860. Oil on canvas.
Not on display

Throughout the second half of the nineteenth century, Carlos de Haes was the leading landscape artist in Spain, not only because of his continuous activity as a painter in that genre but also because of his role as a teacher, for he held the chair of Landscape Painting in Madrid´s Higher School of Painting, Sculpture and Printmaking (Escuela Superior de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado). There he trained the majority of landscape artists from 1857 until his retirement in 1894. Haes´s contact with other landscape artists from his native country of Belgium, such as his teacher Joseph Quineaux (1822-95), provided an important influence on his painting; others sources of inspiration were French and Dutch realist painting, as well as his own personal interest in the accurate representation of the land, its geological features and its flora. He would begin with studies executed en plein air, of which the Prado houses the best and largest surviving collection.Haes also executed larger-dimension paintings in his workshop, as the present work reveals. At the 1860 National Exhibition of Fine Arts, this painting was displayed together with three of his other landscapes and was awarded first prize. The persistence of a fundamentally romantic outlook in landscape painting is evident in various elements of this work: the wide, panoramic view, articulated around a road that indicates the vanishing point of the image; the prominence of large crags that serve as a nucleus of monumentality and drama in the composition; the liveliness of the small figures of peasants with animals, from which we can measure the work´s grandiose dimensions; as well as the marked contrasts between the clearly defined shadows in the foreground and the diffuse luminosity of the sky.The inclusion in the work´s title of the word recuerdos (recollections) is also characteristic of a romantic outlook, which the artist would surpass in successive years in favour of a more immediate and direct vision of reality, no longer the product of remembrances or composed of elements from different aspects of that reality. A foretaste of this realist sensibility is perceptible in the attention he has given to the clayey quality of the rutted road, flanked by sparse, meagre vegetation. Furthermore, by avoiding the moment of a sunrise or sunset, the painter sidesteps the rhetorical emphasis that is typical of Romanticism. A critic reviewing this canvas for La Época on 30 October 1860 accurately perceived the modernity of the landscape: It seems as if he chose such a subject so as to display all of his strengths and powerful resources in a place where ... there are no projecting shadows from trees or clouds, no accidents of the sort that, by only copying them onto the canvas one has completed the landscape. He has managed to bring together so many objects under the same warm atmosphere, each preserving its corresponding individual colour and contour, such that the viewer cannot but react with pleasant surprise. In the distance we see the haze that on very hot days blends the land with the blue of the sea, which loses its transparency, and with a mastery as great as the difficulty he has overcome, he has made the line of the horizon seem to disappear, the same horizon that on cool days is so sharply defined on that coastline.Haes avoided, it is true, the representation of trees in this canvas, a motif that is otherwise common in his paintings and, indeed, in the tradition of landscape painting from northern Europe that was fundamental in his training. In contrast, this southern landscape resembles the sort that was being produced at that time in Italy. In addition, the unique luminosity of the horizon in this canvas reminded an anonymous critic for El Museo Universal of paintings by Claude Lorrain, an artist who is well represented in the Prado (Barón, J.: Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado, Queensland Art Gallery-Art Exhibitions Australia, 2012, p. 238).

Technical data

Inventory number
Haes, Carlos de
A Landscape. Recollections of Andalusia: The Mediterranean Coast near Torremolinos
Height: 114 cm; Width: 165 cm
Acquisition Museo de la Trinidad, 1860; Museo de la Trinidad, 1860-1872, Museo del Prado, 1872.

Bibliography +

Catálogo de las obras que componen la Exposición Nacional de Bellas Artes, R.Rivadeneyra, Madrid, 1860, pp. nº 119.

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865, pp. nº 66.

Dublin International Exhibition of Arts and Manufactures. Official Catalogue., John Falconer, Dublín, 1865, pp. nº 192.

Un siglo de arte español: (1856-1956), en conmemoración de las Exposiciones Nacionales de Bellas Artes, Ministerio de Educación Nacional, Madrid, 1955, pp. 134-136.

Cid Priego, Carlos (1920-1998), Aportaciones para una monografía del pintor Carlos de Haes, Instituto de Estudios Ilerdenses, Lérida, 1956, pp. nº 5.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Salamanca. Museo de Salamanca, Boletín del Museo del Prado, V, 1984, pp. 139.

Puente, Joaquín de la, Pintura Española del Siglo XIX. Catálogo, Moscu, 1987.

Exposiciones nacionales del siglo XIX : premios de pintura / [coordinación, Enrique Arias Anglés, Wifredo Rincón García, Alicia Navarro Granell], Centro Cultural del Conde Duque, Ayuntamiento, Concejalía de Cultura, Madrid, 1988, pp. 94, nº 5.

Noticias. Levantamiento de depósitos. Madrid. Ministerio del Interior, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 11, 1990, pp. 116.

Tres grandes maestros del paisaje decimonónico español : Jenaro Pérez Villaamil, Carlos de Haes, Aureliano de Beruete : [exposición], Ayuntamiento, Concejalía de Cultura, Madrid, 1990, pp. 264-265.

Moreno Mendoza, A., Paisaje Mediterraneo, Electa, Sevilla, 1992, pp. 54.

Ainaud de Lasarte, Joan, Tesoros del arte español, Electa, Barcelona, 1992, pp. nº 33.

VV.AA., Paisaje Mediterráneo : Catálogo de fichas técnicas, Dir. Gral. de Ordenación del Territ, Sevilla, 1993, pp. 19, nº 33.

Carlos de Haes: un maestro del paisaje del siglo XIX., Ibercaja - Obra Cultural, Zaragoza, 1996, pp. nº 9.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, III, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898), Fundación Marcelino Botín, Santander, 2002, pp. 210.

Gutiérrez Márquez, Ana, Carlos de Haes en el Museo del Prado, 1826-1898: catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2002, pp. 200.

Los paisajes andaluces : hitos y miradas en los siglos XIX y..., Junta de Andalucía, Consejería de, Sevilla, 2007.

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from The Prado, Queensland Art Gallery, 2012, pp. 238-239, nº87.

Díez, José Luis (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 252.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 66.
GALERIA DE CUADROS CONTEMPORÁNEOS. / HAES (D. Carlos). [...] 66. Un país, recuerdo de Andalucía, costa del Mediterráneo, junto a Torremolinos. / Lienzo. - Al. 1,10. - An. 1,62. / Adquirido por Real órden de 20 de Diciembre de 1860 en la suma de 20.000 rs.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1889. Núm. 112.

Inv. General del Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899-1902. Núm. 864.

Catálogo Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899. Núm. 151.
SECCIÓN DE PINTURA EN SUS DIVERSAS CLASES, DIBUJOS Y GRABADOS EN LAMINAS. / HAES (D. Carlos de) [...] 151.- Paisaje. / Alto 0'97 metros. Ancho 1'65 metros.

Registros-Inventarios Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, 1900-1936. Núm. 187 H.

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 66.
Autor don Carlos Haes / 66 Un país recuerdo de Andalucía / Alto 1,10 ancho 1,62 por la luz del marco / Adquirido por Real Orn. de 20 de Dbre. de 1860 en la cantidad de 20.000 rs. Exposición de 1860.

Inscriptions +

C. de Haes / 1860
Signed and dated. Front, lower right corner

T. 66
Front, lower right corner

Exhibitions +

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
16.12.2012 - 31.03.2013

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Houston TX
15.12.2012 - 31.03.2013

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
22.07.2012 - 04.11.2012

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Brisbane, Australia
21.07.2012 - 04.11.2012

Paisajes andaluces: hitos y miradas en los siglos XIX y XX
08.03.2007 - 14.04.2007

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898). Burgos
28.09.2004 - 21.11.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898). Valencia
22.06.2004 - 29.08.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898). Vitoria
10.03.2004 - 16.05.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898) Badajoz
01.12.2003 - 01.02.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898) Málaga
24.04.2003 - 29.06.2003

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898) en el Museo del Prado
15.10.2002 - 12.01.2003

Carlos de Haes - Madrid
08.10.2002 - 17.11.2002

Carlos de Haes - Santander
30.07.2002 - 15.09.2002

El paisaje mediterráneo
05.06.1992 - 12.10.1992

Tres maestros del paisaje decimonónico español: Jenaro Pérez Villamil, Carlos de Haes y Aureliano de Beruete
16.10.1990 - 09.12.1990

Exposiciones Nacionales del Siglo XIX. Premios de Pintura (1856-1900)
06.06.1988 - 24.07.1988

Pintura española del siglo XIX: de Goya a Picasso
San Petersburgo
05.04.1987 - 08.06.1987

Pintura española del siglo XIX: de Goya a Picasso
25.02.1987 - 01.04.1987

Update date: 26-05-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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