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Agate vessel with three bands of cameos
Ladoireau, Pierre
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Ladoireau, Pierre

1679, 1716

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Agate vessel with three bands of cameos

XVII century. Agate, Chalcedony, Cowry, Enamel, Lapis lazuli, Gold, Silver gilt. Room 079B

The pair of a vessel stolen in 1918, this is one of the few pieces which still preserve work by Pierre Ladoyreau or Ladoireau, one of the great master craftsmen of the 17th century in France, who designed furnishing and bronzes for the palace and gardens of Versailles. It is made up of two pieces of stone, sixteen cameos and three large enamelled gold mounts. The decoration of the mounts, similar to that of numerous vessels at the Prado, is typical of the Paris school in the late 1680s. It is characterised by enamelled overlays that follow designs by Bérain and others, formed by undulating ribbons and translucent green leaves combined with small flowers and white stalks marked in purple and black, which alternate all over the smooth surface with a pointillé that provides a matte background.

The vessel is adorned with three orders of cameos made in different types of stone, nearly all dating from the last third of the 16th century, though one or two are later. Most represent figures in court dress, several of them in the Spanish style. Some profiles recall historical personages like Anna of Austria, Louis XIII or the young Louis XIV. Placed alongside them are cameos with the effigies of Roman emperors crowned with laurel. There are also other figures and divinities from the classical world, such as Bacchus.

Here, as on other pieces in the Dauphin’s Treasure, it is the work of the silversmith that predominates, and the stone elements are very much secondary to the mounts. It was made by the Parisian Pierre Ladoyreau (active 1679-1716), whose mark appears on the interior of the base, with the initials “PL” separated by a cross and star and surmounted by a fleur-de-lys beneath a crown. The silversmith and metal founder to the King’s Wardrobe of Louis XIV, he made several of the opulent silver furnishings for the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles. He also created pieces for the decoration of Marly, the Dauphin’s residence, and had his own retail business and workshop, maintaining commercial contacts with China and the East Indies. Very few works of his are currently preserved, since most were eventually melted down after different vicissitudes. The vessel also bears the mark of the assay master or fermier Jacques Léger (active between 1687 and 1691), an “A” crowned by a fleur-de-lys.

The state of the work in the 19th century can be seen through the photography of Juan Laurent y Minier, "Vase agate sardoine, montures d’or avec émaux et pierreries, XVIe siècle, règne de Henri II", c. 1879, Museo del Prado, HF0835/04 (L. Arbeteta, in press).

Technical data

Inventory number
O000037
Author
Ladoireau, Pierre
Title
Agate vessel with three bands of cameos
Date
XVII century (Vessel); 1687 - 1689 (Adornments)
Technique
Chased; Enamelled; Carved; Mounted / set
Medium
Agate; Chalcedony; Cowry; Enamel; Lapis lazuli; Gold; Silver gilt
Dimension
Height: 25.9 cm.; Diameter: 11.7 cm.; Weight: 722 g.; Diameter of the base: 7.5 cm.
Series
Tesoro del Delfín
Provenance
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 78-79,239-240.

El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso: retrato y escena del rey, Patrimonio Nacional; El Viso, Madrid, 2000.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 325-327.

Arbeteta, L. Azcue, L., El Tesoro del Delfín, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2018.

Other inventories +

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 24 A.
Numº. 24 / Prix contant Pistoles 150. / Un pareil Vase de mesme grandeur et de mesme forme. [Un Vase d'Agate d'Orient couvert de forme antique orné par le corps d'un grand cercle d'or emaillé de verd, de blanc et gridelin, et enrichi de huit medailles d'Agates de plusieurs couleurs; Sur son pied d'or emaillé de mesme il y a quatre camayeux, sçavoir deux d'Agates et deux de Lapis: Au couvercle du dit Vase qui est aussi émaillé de mesme il y a quatre camayeux, deux de grenats et deux de Lapis. Ledit Vase haut de dix pouces et large de quatre.] / Valeur

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 120.
Un Jarroncito con su Tapa todo de Piedra Agata con tres guarniciones de color de oro Esmaltado, la del pie engastada con quatro Camapheos, la de en medio con ocho, y la del remate con tres, (y le falta otro) que tiene su todo quince dedos y medio de alto, y Caja de Tafilete encarnado.

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 59.
Otro vaso grande en forma de tibor de piedra Agata de dos pedazos el cuerpo pie, y remate de plata dorada, y sobrepuestos en todo ello de oro, unas flores, hojas, y cintas de medio relieve, y esmaltado de blanco, purpura, negro, y verde trasparente: tienen dichas piezas quinze Camafeos, sin uno que le falta en el remate; regulado en dos onzas de plata, poco mas o menos, que todo con los Camafeos y piedras de dho vaso y su caja vale 6.874...2.

Listado de objetos robados del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en 1813 y devueltos en 1816. Núm. 59.
Otro vaso grande en forma de tibor de piedra agata de dos pedazos, el cuerpo pie y remate de plata dorada y sobrepuestos en todo ello de oro, unas flores hojas y cintas de medio relieve y esmaltado de blanco purpura negro y verde transparente: tienen dhas piezas quince camafeos sin uno que le falta en el remate regulado en dos onzas de plata poco mas ó menos; que todo con los camafeos y piedra de dho vaso y su caja vale ... 6-874</br>[La tapa está rota; pero el pedazo se halla dentro del vaso en cuyo cuerpo faltan tres camafeos: lo demas está bien.]

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 59.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 59. Otro vaso grande en forma de Tibor de piedra Ágata de dos pedazos, el cuerpo, pie y remate de plata dorada, y sobre puestos en todo ello de oro, unas flores, hojas y cintas de medio relieve y esmaltado de blanco, purpura y verde transparente, tienen dichas piezas quince camafeos, sin uno que le falta en el remate; regulado en dos onzas de plata poco maso menos.

Exhibitions +

Baroque 1620 - 1800: Style in the Age of Magnificence
Londres
04.04.2009 - 19.07.2009

El Real Sitio de La Granja de San Ildefonso. retrato y escena del rey
La Granja
15.06.2000 - 15.10.2000

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 11-09-2020 | Registry created on 26-11-2015

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