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Jasper bowl with cameos on the cover and foot
Taller italiano ?; Ladoireau, Pierre
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Taller italiano ?
Ladoireau, Pierre
1679, 1716

Jasper bowl with cameos on the cover and foot

s XV - XVI century. Agate, Chalcedony, Enamel, Jasper, Lapis lazuli, Gold, Vitreous paste.
Room 079B

This vessel had a pair, now lost (I1416), which must have been very similar and by the same hand as O37, the work of the silversmith Pierre Ladoyreau or Ladoireau, who made part of the silver furnishings at Versailles. It comprises two pieces of red jasper and two large mounts with twenty cameos. The body is in the form of a bowl with a diminished arch profile, a round mouth, and a lobulated ring in the form of a flower attached to the bottom. The cover is gold, with overlays of ribbons and leaves in gold with white enamel and touches of black and purple, together with translucent green. Set into the brim are five large vertical cameos and five smaller horizontal ones with mythological scenes. In the centre is a jasper disc with a small head for a finial, also in coloured jasper, representing an exotic figure with a reddish turban. Arbeteta proposed that the mark on the support ring should be identified as that of the fermier (assay master) Jacques Léger (active from October 1687 to December 1691).

There are five uniform cameos on the cover in agate of two colours that belong to the same series of marine mythological scenes. The large cameos represent various figures and are all Renaissance pieces from the Italian school, except perhaps for one male portrait which could be French. On the foot are several cameos in various stones, including a bust of jasper and opal, and a female bust with a honey-coloured vein of which advantage is taken for the hair and dress. On the back is a Diana of Ephesus on an ancient carved gem, and another from the same period with a warrior and, possibly, Pallas as his protector. This is behind the cameo showing a man dressed as a knight in the style of Philip II, which forms a pair with a lady dressed in the same style. In 1680, Charles Mavelot published a book of ciphers or initials for the higher nobility, which he dedicated to the Dauphin. It contains patterns of subtly interlaced leaves that are strongly reminiscent of those overlaid on this vessel, within the style of Le Clerc and Berain. A group of pieces in the Dauphin’s Treasure presents a markedly uniform appearance, and although they are marked by different silversmiths, their designs could well come from the same artist. Decorated with the same stylistic criterion within the movement known as feuillages, they are also made with a similar technique: a perforated silver mount with overlays of shaped and enamelled gold, a predominantly opaque white background, and the occasional touch of colour on green leaves, petals or ribbons. Mounts in this style are found in the Louvre on works like the display cabinet in the form of a classical temple, OA 5379, with copious feuillage mounting; the high cup, MR 466, with enamelled feuillage on the knop, stem and foot; MR 133, with a gold mermaid for a handle; and another mermaid in white enamel on vessel MR 114, which also has a large foot and a lip in the form of an eagle’s head. N290, an ancient vase, also has a lip simulating an eagle’s beak, though larger in this case and attached to the neck of the vase. The foot, handle and cover are all decorated in feuillage with cameos.

The state of the work in the 19th century can be seen through the photography of Juan Laurent y Minier, "Vase agate sardoine, montures d’or avec émaux et pierreries, XVIe siècle, règne de Henri II", c. 1879, Museo del Prado, HF0835/18.

Technical data

Inventory number
Taller italiano ?; Ladoireau, Pierre
Jasper bowl with cameos on the cover and foot
s XV - XVI century (Body); 1687 - 1689 (Adornments)
Chased; Enamelled; Carved; Mounted / set
Agate; Chalcedony; Enamel; Jasper; Lapis lazuli; Gold; Vitreous paste
Height: 12.8 cm; Diameter: 15.5 cm; Weight: 646 g; Diameter of the base: 10.5 cm
Tesoro del Delfín
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 74-75.

Cruz Valdovinos, Jose Manuel, Plateria Europea en España 1300-1700, Fundacion Hispano, Madrid, 1997, pp. 371-373.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 323-324.

Arbeteta, Leticia, 'Tesoro del delfín. Una herencia de la familia real francesa' En:, Los tesoros ocultos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 2017, pp. 248-276.

Arbeteta, L. Azcue, L., El Tesoro del Delfín, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2018.

Arbeteta Mira, L, Otras miradas sobre el Tesoro del Delfín: revisión y nuevas propuestas de procedencias y autorías, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXVII, 2019-2021, pp. 36-52 [40].

Azcue Brea, Leticia, Rarezas y lujo para deslumbrar: el Tesoro del Delfín., Ars & Renovatio.Centro de Estudios de Arte del Renacimiento, 7, 2019, pp. 504-519.

Tortajada, Sonia, Sobre la identificacion de materiales pétreos el Tesoro del Delfín, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXVII, 2019-2021, pp. 53-68 [65].

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 9.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 9. Falta ---

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 9.
Un genero de cuenco vajo, con su pie, y tapa, por remate una cabeza, y todo de piedra Jaspe oriental de varios colores, sobrepuestas diferentes piezas y engarzes de oro de hojas, flores, y cintas esmaltado de blanco, purpura, negro y verde, trasparente, y en los engarzes veinte Camafeos de dibersas piedras, regulado en dos onzas y nedia de oro, poco mas o menos, y ocho onzas de plata, que todo, con la piedra, y los referidos veinte Camafeos, vale 18.910...30.

Listado de objetos robados del Real Gabinete de Historia Natural en 1813 y devueltos en 1816. Núm. 9.
Un genero de cuenco vajo con su pie y tapa por remate una caveza y todo de piedra jaspe oriental de varios colores, guarnecido el pie y tapa de plata dorada, sobrepuestas diferentes piezas y engarces de oro de ojas flores y cintas; esmaltado de blanco purpura negro y verde transparente, y en los engarces veinte camafeos de diversas piedras; regulado en dos onzas y media de oro, poco mas ó menos, y ocho onzas de plata que todo con la piedra y los referidos veinte camafeos vale...18.910...30 [Falta]

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 119.
Otro Vaso en forma de Copon con su Tapa, y remate de Piedra Agata con quatro guarniciones la una le sirve de pie, y está engastada con diez Camapheos, y la otra en la Tapa con otros diez, ambos de color de oro Esmaltado, y tiene incluso el remate (que es una Cavecita) siete dedos de alto, y Caja de Tafilete como la antecte. [encarnado].

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 28 A.
Numº. 28 / Prix contant Pistoles 180. / Une Tasse de Jaspe sanguin de la mesme forme et ornée de médailles comme la précèdente [Une Tasse de Jaspe de plusieurs couleurs avec son couvercle d'or emaillé et enrichi de dix medailles d'Agate tant petites que grandes et terminé par une teste de femme d'Agate-Onix coiffée á la Turque. Ladite Tasse est sur un pied d'or emaillé orné de dix medailles, scavoir cinq de lapis et cinq autres d'Agate blanche. Haute de cinq pouces six lignes et large de quatre pouces huit lignes.]. haute de quatre pouces dix lignes et de diametre cinq pouces neuf lignes. / Valeur

Inscriptions +

AA [iniciales superpuestas, la segunda invertida, bajo flor de lis]
Scrawled with a point. On underside

PL [iniciales separadas por dos granos, bajo flor de lis coronada]
Scrawled with a point. On lid

Exhibitions +

Intercambio por las Colecciones Reales Españolas de mosaicos y piedras duras
09.07.2001 - 16.09.2001

Platería europea en España
15.10.1997 - 15.12.1997

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Update date: 30-04-2022 | Registry created on 26-11-2015

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