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Bellas Vistas District (Madrid)
Beruete, Aureliano de
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Beruete, Aureliano de

Madrid (Spain), 1845 - Madrid (Spain), 1912

Beruete, Aureliano de See author's file

Bellas Vistas District (Madrid)

1906. Oil on canvas.
Not on display

Aureliano de Beruete was the most prominent landscape artist of his generation. He would select the settings for his paintings with great care and often featured the Sierra de Guadarrama, which was the subject of numerous works by him, including The wall of El Pardo (P4243). He likewise paid significant attention to capturing what was characteristic of the deep historical roots of the old cities of Castile, as well as the most authentically popular traditions represented in the suburbs of Madrid. In these works he demonstrated the naturalistic interest that made him the most assiduous twentiethcentury landscape painter of Madrid´s outlying areas, a subject that frequently appeared in the works of some of the writers of the Generation of 1898 during those years.The outskirts of Madrid were, at that time, undergoing substantial transformations due to the growth in the city´s population. Such is the case with the district of Bellas Vistas, situated to the west of Madrid along the highway to France, which comprised, for the most part, single-storey houses inhabited by rag merchants and brickmakers, as well as numerous taverns. Though the artist lived in the centre of the Spanish capital, he always avoided painting its bourgeois streets, for he was more interested in locales that presented particularly vivid examples of apparently spontaneous dwellings adapted to the accidents of topography -the varying dips and rises in the land outside the city.This grouping of houses is populated by tiny figures- barely smudges of colour yet executed precisely enough to give the impression they are women and children, as in the group on the right. The artist had learned from Martín Rico, a painter Beruete had worked with in his youth, how to animate his landscapes with human figures, which are, in Beruete´s case, even smaller than Rico´s. Painted outdoors in a winter´s noonday light, the work presents a delicate arrangement of soft green, ochre, orange and grey tones, with which the artist creates a sense of harmony in his interpretation of this otherwise apparently unlovely area - clearly a poor, marginal suburb of the capital. The artist seems to rescue this place from its miserable condition through his straightforward analysis of light and colour, executed in a rich palette refined in its nuances.In this lucid vision of daily reality, the architecture seems to be the true protagonist. The simple volumes and the bare walls are built up with small patches of colour that make apparent Beruete´s familiarity with the Impressionists´ use of colour: based on careful, painstaking observation in situ. Yet the artist also followed his own intuition in the execution of this work by not subjecting the scene to a coldly analytical process, instead endowing it with a certain balanced naturalness, which was characteristic of his painting.The work was donated to the Prado in 1913 by the artist´s son, named after his father Aureliano de Beruete y Moret, a prominent art historian who years later became the Prado´s director (Barón, J.: Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado, Queensland Art Gallery-Art Exhibitions Australia, 2012, p. 246).

Technical data

Inventory number
Beruete, Aureliano de
Bellas Vistas District (Madrid)
Height: 57.5 cm; Width: 81 cm
Bequest of Aureliano de Beruete y Moret for the Museo de Arte Moderno, 1913

Bibliography +

Martin-Méry, Gilberte, 50 Ans D'Art Espagnol 1880-1936, Galerie des Beaux Arts, Burdeos, 1984.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas del siglo XIX, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1985, pp. 37.

Puente, Joaquín de la, Pintura Española del Siglo XIX. Catálogo, Moscu, 1987.

Czymmek, Götz, Landschaft Im Licht. Impressionische Malerei in Europa Und Nordameri Ka. 1860-1910, WallrafRichartzMuseum Köln, Köln, 1990.

Suárez de Figueroa, Diego, Camino de el cielo : emblemas christian[o]s ... / sv avctor el Dr Dn Diego Suarez de Figueroa, s.n., Madrid, 1992.

De Fortuny a Picasso. Trente Ans de Peinture Espagnole 1874-1906, Musèe des Beaux Arts, Agen, 1994.

Los Baroja en Madrid, Ayuntamiento de Madrid, Museos Municipales, Madrid, 1997.

Gavioli, Laura, Realidad : arte spagnola della realtà, Marsilio, Potenza, 2006.

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from The Prado, Queensland Art Gallery, 2012, pp. 246-247, nº91.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 102.

Other inventories +

Inv. Museo Arte Moderno, 1954. Núm. 63.

Registros-Inventarios Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, 1900-1936. Núm. 62-B.

Actas traslado de obras MEAC - Prado, 1971-1973. Núm. 923.

Inscriptions +

A. de Beruete
Signed. Front, lower right corner

Barrio de Bellas Vistas / Madrid 1906

Exhibitions +

06.06.2020 - 25.07.2021

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
16.12.2012 - 31.03.2013

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Houston TX
15.12.2012 - 31.03.2013

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
22.07.2012 - 04.11.2012

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Brisbane, Australia
21.07.2012 - 04.11.2012

Realidad. Arte Spagnola della Realtá
22.09.2006 - 14.01.2007

El 98 en Madrid
01.01.1998 - 15.06.1998

Los Baroja en Madrid
07.05.1997 - 13.07.1997

De Fortuny a Picasso: 30 ans de peinture espagnole (1874-1906)
07.07.1995 - 04.09.1995

De Fortuny a Picasso: 30 ans de peinture espagnole (1874-1906)
13.03.1995 - 27.06.1995

De Fortuny a Picasso: 30 ans de peinture espagnole (1874-1906)
05.11.1994 - 19.02.1995

Madrid pintado
19.10.1992 - 10.01.1993

Landscraft in Licht - El paisaje impresionista en Europa y América del Norte
03.08.1990 - 21.10.1990

Landscraft in Licht - El paisaje impresionista en Europa y América del Norte
05.04.1990 - 01.07.1990

Pintura española del siglo XIX: de Goya a Picasso
San Petersburgo
05.04.1987 - 08.06.1987

Pintura española del siglo XIX: de Goya a Picasso
25.02.1987 - 01.04.1987

Update date: 26-05-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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