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Christ before Pilate
Osona, Francisco de; Osona, Rodrigo de
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Osona, Francisco de
Valencia (Spain), 1465 - Valencia, 1514
Osona, Rodrigo de
Valencia (Spain), 1440 - Valencia, 1518

Christ before Pilate

1490. Oil on panel.
Room 051A

Executed with considerable participation from Rodrigo’s son Francisco Osona, this panel’s composition derives from an engraving by Martin Schongauer. The grotesque figure of the torturer holding the rope around Christ is counterbalanced by the sumptuous Granadan textiles behind Pilate, decorated with bands, geometrical motifs and inscriptions. The result is another example of the varied artistic universe of the Osonas’ pictorial output.

This and five other panels at the Prado Museum (P6898, P6899, P6900, P6901, P6902), are some of the finest examples of the collaboration between Rodrigo and Francisco de Osona. They were designed as part of an altarpiece, probably de main atarpiece of Santa María de Alicante. The placement and physiognomy of the figures are in keeping with the style of this family of painters from Valencia. The diverse treatment of the paintings suggests the participation of some other member of their large workshop, beyond Rodrigo and his son, Francisco. Those stylistic changes are especially visible in the lower part of Jesus tunic in The Taking of Jesus (P6902), which is simpler and more hurried. The expressive intensity of the figures is characteristic of work by the Osonas, whose works were strongly dramatic in content. This is largely due to the architectural setting: large Renaissance buildings that announce the modernity of their paintings. This series of works also reveals some of the Northern sources drawn upon by these painters from Valencia, specifically, German prints by Schongauer, one of whose compositions is almost literally followed in Christ before Pontius Pilate (P6897).

Technical data

Inventory number
Osona, Francisco de; Osona, Rodrigo de
Christ before Pilate
Height: 126 cm; Width: 84 cm
Altarpiece of Santa Maria, Alicante?; Counts of Casas Rojas Collection; recovery by the State, from the United Kingdom and attached to the Museo del Prado in 1983.

Bibliography +


Mayer, August L., Historia de la Pintura Española, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1928.

Post, Chandler Rathfon, A history of Spanish painting, I, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1930.

Ángulo Íñiguez, Diego, Primitivos valencianos en Madrid, Archivo español de arte y arqueologia, XIV, 1940-1941, pp. 85-87.

Sánchez Cantón, Francisco Javier, Los grandes temas del arte cristiano en España, Biblioteca de Autores Cristianos, Madrid, 1949.

Post, Chandler Rathfon, A history of Spanish painting, II, Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1958, pp. 653-654.

Camón Aznar, J., La pintura de Rodrigo de Osona, Goya: Revista de Arte, 96, 1970, pp. 334-341.

Sanchis, M., El siglo XV valenciano, Comisaría Gral. de Exposiciones, Dirección General, Madrid, 1973.

Buendía, R., ''La pintura española del siglo XVI''. En: HISTORIA DEL ARTE HISPANICO.VOL.III.EL RENACIMIENTO., III, ALHAMBRA, Madrid, 1978, pp. 197-329.

Sotheby's London: catálogo de subasta, Sotheby's London, 1982/07/09, pp. 119-121.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 475-476.

Pérez Sánchez, Alfonso Emilio, En: VALENCIA (parte artística), FUND.JUAN MARCH.NOGUER, Madrid.Barcelona, 1985.

Albi, J., ''Augurios del Renacimiento y tradición medieval''. En: HISTORIA DEL ARTE VALENCIANO, III, CONSORCI D'EDITORS VALENCIANS, Valencia, 1986, pp. 183-205.

Company, X., ''El Renacimiento: versiones y filtraciones de los modelos clásicos procedentes de Italia''. En: HISTORIA DEL ARTE VALENCIANO, III, CONSORCI D'EDITORS VALENCIANS, Valencia, 1986, pp. 9-47.

Company, X., La pintura del Renaiximent, Valencia, 1987.

Avila, Ana, Oro y tejidos en los fondos pictóricos del Renacimiento español, Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte, 1989, pp. 103-116 [ 114,116 fd].

Hernández Guardiola, L., ''Catálogo obra pictórica''. En: GOTICO Y RENACIMIENTO EN TIERRAS ALICANTINAS., CAJA DE AHORROS DEL MEDITERRANEO, Alicante, 1990, pp. 145-211.

Company, Ximo (1953)), La Pintura Dels Osona : Una Cruilla D'Hispanismes Flamenqui, Pages, Lleida, 1991.

Museo del Prado, Últimas adquisiciones: 1982-1995, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1995, pp. 26-27.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (III). Nuevas Adquisiciones. Museo Iconográfico. Tapices., Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2016.
Adquiridas en 1983 / Rodrigo de Ososna "El Joven" / 2016. Cristo ante el Sumo Sacerdote / T.1,28 X 0,86 CAT. 6897

Exhibitions +

Bartolomé Bermejo
14.02.2019 - 19.05.2019

Bartolomé Bermejo
09.10.2018 - 27.01.2019

Location +

Room 051A (On Display)

Update date: 21-06-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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