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Landscape with Travellers and a Shepherd
Swanevelt, Herman van
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Swanevelt, Herman van

Woerden (Netherlands), 1603 - Paris (France), 1655

See author's file

Landscape with Travellers and a Shepherd

1635 - 1636. Oil on canvas.
Not on display

This painting is identified in the early catalogues of the Museum`s holdings with the landscape listed in the 1766 inventory of the collection of Isabella Farnese in the palace of La Granja, which, in turn, could be the landscape with shepherds by the hand of the Hermit (the nickname by which Herman van Swanevelt was known in Rome) recorded as being located in the Alcázar of Madrid in 1686, as quoted by Galera Mendoza (2001). Barghahn (1981), in turn, identifies it as one of the landscapes commissioned in Rome to decorate the Palace of the Buen Retiro and recorded in the inventory of 1701, but neither the measurements nor the theme coincide.

According to the handwritten label on the back, when the painting entered the Museum it was attributed to Van Swanevelt. However, in 1834 it was inventoried without attribution and in 1843 it was catalogued as an imitation of Jan Both. Later inventories and catalogues maintain this description until the general inventory of 1996, which again ascribes it to Van Swanevelt.

The scene unfolds on a path running between a high mountain side covered with lush vegetation and a leafy forest. The background is enclosed by lofty mountains. The current condition of the painting prevents it being properly assessed. However, the handling of the leaves on the trees and of the vegetation covering the mountain is characteristic of this artist and can be linked to his landscapes in the Galleria Doria Pamphilj in Rome. The X-ray image reveals no changes in the composition and shows that the figures are painted over the landscape. Their type is characteristic of the figures used by Van Swanevelt and corresponds to that of the characters found in Landscape with Wayfarers, Boy and Dog (P2140) and Landscape with Fisherman Family at Dusk (P2141). The iconographical motif of the woman carrying a bundle on her head is one of the most frequently repeated in the painter`s landscapes (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, 2009, p. 316).


Technical data

Inventory number
Swanevelt, Herman van
Landscape with Travellers and a Shepherd
1635 - 1636
Height: 158 cm; Width: 190 cm
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Urrea Fernández, Jesús, La pintura italiana del siglo XVIII en España, Secretariado de Publicaciones de la Universidad, Valladolid, 1977, pp. 319.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. nº425.

Noticias. Levantamiento definitivo de depósitos, Boletín del Museo del Prado, X, 28, 1989, pp. 125.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Galera Mendoza, Esther, Herman van Swanevelt y la pintura de paisaje en la Colección Real española del siglo XVII, Goya: Revista de Arte, 280/5, 2001, pp. 21-29.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2009, pp. 139-140.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1129.
Brandi (domenico) / 1129. Pais. / En el una pastora y dos hombres con su ganado de vacas y carneros. / Alto 6 pies, 10 pulg; ancho 5 pies, 6 pulg, 6 lin.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1816.
Imitación de Both- / Paisage rico de vegetación. / Atravieasale un camino á la derecha, entre peñascos, hay un grupo de arboles, y á la izquierda una colina cortada perpendicularmente. También hay en el figuras y cabras. / Alto 4 pies, 4 pulg; ancho 6 pies, 2 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 66.
66.-País. / Alto 1,91. Ancho 1,55.-Lienzo. / Vense en él una pastora sentada y dos hombres con un rebaño de vacas y carneros.-Firmado.

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.432.
Pais con cabras y un hombre a primer término con un cuebano en las espaldas al frente una muger con un talego de ropa.

Inscriptions +

[Corona Real] R.M. [Sello estampillado del Real Museo]
Printmaking. Back, right side

[Corona de cinco puntas] RPA[enlazadas] 21.
Inscribed in pen and ink. Back, right side

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

Cuadro traido de la / Universidad del de-/ posito de 1883 en/ 26-junio 1957
Scrap of paper. Stretcher

Inscribed. Stretcher

nº 000.Mon /Pais con figuras / y Cabras. Swanabel
Handwritten label. Stretcher

Nº 3223
Inscribed. Stretcher

Nº1197 [Tachado]
Inscribed. Stretcher

Update date: 24-11-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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