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Landscape with Hermit bound in Chains
Swanevelt, Herman van
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Swanevelt, Herman van

Woerden (Netherlands), 1603 - Paris (France), 1655

See author's file

Landscape with Hermit bound in Chains

1634 - 1639. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

This painting entered the Museum`s holdings as a copy of a work by Jan Both, described as Saint Francis in Penitence and listed as the companion piece to Landscape with Saint Francis in Meditation. It was later catalogued as an anonymous work of the Germanic schools and from 1910 onwards as an anonymous Flemish work. However, this landscape can be identified with one of the pictures described in the 1701 inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro as executed by el Yttaliano and hitherto regarded as lost, giving rise to its attribution to Herman van Swanevelt.

The landscape is leafier than the previous ones. The handling of the leaves and the trunks and branches of the trees is characteristic of an Swanevelt. The tree with branches that are almost dry in the mid-ground, on the right, is similar to the one that serves as a repoussoir on the left side of Landscape with Saint Francis in Meditation (P2035) or that which appears in Landscape with Figures on a Bridge in the Galleria Doria Pamphilj in Rome. The exuberant vegetation also links it with some of the landscapes executed by this painter now housed in that gallery.

The figure of the hermit almost blends into the landscape. It resembles a tree branch. Unlike what happens in the previous landscapes, it is not located to one side but in the centre of the composition, as in the landscapes for the same series by Nicolas Poussin and Gaspard Dughet. It has not been possible to obtain an X-ray image of the painting and therefore it cannot be ascertained whether the figure is superimposed over the landscape. Whatever the case, it would appear to be of the same type as the figure in Landscape with Saint Francis in Meditation (P2035) and Landscape with Carmelites (P2058) by Jan Both, whose stylistic proximity to the series of hermits engraved by Andries Both makes it possible to attribute them to this painter (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado. 2009, p. 328).


Technical data

Related artworks

Inventory number
Swanevelt, Herman van
Landscape with Hermit bound in Chains
1634 - 1639
Height: 145 cm; Width: 216 cm
Royal Collection (Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1701, [nº 185]; Buen Retiro, 1794, nº 768).

Bibliography +

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 292/ nº185.

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. IX. Museo Naval, Boletín del Museo del Prado, III, 1982, pp. 200.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº1815.

Rosenberg, P, 'N.Poussin Landscape with Saint Jerome' En:, Poussin and Nature. Arcadian Visions, Metropolitan Museum of Art ; Yale University Press, Nueva York, 2008, pp. 200-201 n.30.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 210-212.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [185].
[185] Ottro Pais de dos Uaras y media de largo y siette quartas de altto de la misma mano de Un Bosque y Un hermitaño Zeñido Con Unas Cadenas Con marco tallado y dorado tasado en quarentta Doblones ... 2.400

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1815.
Anónimo. / 1815. Pais frondoso y variado. / Tiene bosque a la derecha, y a su entrada la gruta de un ermitaño. Este esta en pie en meditacion. / Alto 5 pies, 2 pulg; 6 lin; ancho 7 pies, 8 pulg, 6 lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 1943.
1943.-(1815-R.)-País ameno y frondoso, con bosque á la derecha y á su entrada la gruta de un ermitaño. / Col. de Carlos II (?). / Alto 1,45; ancho 2,15.-L.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 768.
Otra [pintura] de Collantes. Un Pais con un hermitaño, de vara y tres quartas de alto y dos varas y media de ancho...600

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.430.
Ciento ochenta y uno. Pais con San Francisco penitente compañero al 768 Id [copia de Both] 1º 2.660

Inscriptions +

R.M [Sello del Real Museo]
Printmaking. Back, left side

Inscribed in white. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in white. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Es propiedad del Museo del Prado / Este cuadro procede del Excmo./Sr. Ministro, que por orden de su Sra. queda de-/positado en este Museo hasta el mes de Oc-/tubre, que se le llevará. /Madrid 3 de julio de 1947.
Inscribed in black. Stretcher

Inscribed with chalk. Back, left side

Lienzo "Paisaje" / Este cuadro es propiedad del Museo del Prado/ Se pidió para la casa del Sr. Ministro y por Orden expresa suya./ Está marcado con el nº.2.034 y mide 2,16/ por 1,45. pasó al domicilio del Sr.Ministro / el día 24 de Diciembre de 1942.
Inscribed in black. Stretcher

nI 2034
Inscribed in pen and ink. Stretcher

Inscribed with chalk. Back, left side

Location +

Viso del Marqués (Ciudad Real) - Archivo-Museo Álvaro de Bazán (Deposit)

Update date: 11-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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