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Landscape with Wayfarers, Boy and Dog
Swanevelt, Herman van
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Swanevelt, Herman van

Woerden, 1603 - Paris, 1655

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Landscape with Wayfarers, Boy and Dog

1639 - 1641. Oil on canvas Not on display

The painting entered the Museum`s holdings as an original work by Herman van Swanevelt, an attribution that has been maintained by subsequent catalogues. In 1973 Valdivieso identifies it as the landscape described in the inventory of 1701 and maintains the ascription to Van Swanevelt, which is also backed by Burke (1976), Luna (1984), Barghahn (1986), Galera Mendoza (2001) and Steland (forthcoming).

Barghahn misidentifies the landscape here as entry no. 196 in the inventory of the Palace of the Buen Retiro (Fernández Bayton 1981), which is how it is listed in the last general inventory of the Museum (1990). The description featured in that entry, Another Landscape of the same size and maker as the second to last. With some anglers a woman and a young boy, corresponds to Landscape with Fisherman Family at Dusk (P2141), while the landscape that occupies us here should be identified as entry no. 194 of that inventory.

It is a classical composition based on vertical and horizontal axes. However, unlike the horizontal landscapes with hermits, here the scenery extends into the background following the zigzagging course of the river between the two groups of trees that enclose the scene on either side. They infuse the composition with greater dynamism. The light enters from the left and illuminates the whole landscape, casting a shadow over the tree on the right and the figures next to it.

As Roethlisger (1983) suggests, this compositional structure appears to follow that of Landscape with Moses saved from the Waters, one of the paintings executed by Claude Lorrain for the Buen Retiro.

The handling of the vegetation and foliage is characteristic of Van Swanevelt. The iconographic group of the hunter talking to a person seated at the foot of a tree is repeated in various drawings and paintings by the artist, just as the bridge and the castle in the background are found in many of his landscapes. The X-ray image discloses the same manner of allocating space and rendering the trunk and leaves of the trees as in his horizontal landscapes. However, the handling of the background mountains is very similar to that revealed by the X-radiographs of the vertical landscapes of Jan Both, suggesting the involvement of the latter in the present painting.

The figures belong to the type that is characteristic of Van Swanevelt. Steland sees a connection between these and the ones that appear in the landscapes in the Galleria Doria Pamphilj in Rome. They have elongated calf muscles, vaguely classicist facial features and wooden movements. The X-radiograph shows that they are superimposed over the landscape (Text drawn from Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, 2009, pp. 331-332).

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Landscape with Fisherman Family at Dusk
Oil on canvas, 1639 - 1641
Inventory number
P002140
Author
Swanevelt, Herman van
Title
Landscape with Wayfarers, Boy and Dog
Date
1639 - 1641
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 210 cm.; Width: 156 cm.
Series
Paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro
Provenance
Royal Collection (Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid, 1701, [no. 194]; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "estudio de Andrés de la Calleja", 1772, no. 194; Buen Retiro Palace, 1794, no. 1059; New Royal Palace, Madrid, "secretaría de Estado", 1814-1818, no. 1059).

Bibliography +

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 376.

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 292/ nº194.

Burke, James D., Jan Both : Paintings, Drawings and Prints. Tesis Doctoral, Garland Publishing, Nueva York, 1976, pp. 87.

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. VII. Ministerio de Asuntos Exteriores, Boletín del Museo del Prado, III, 1982, pp. 48.

Roethlisberger, Marcel, Im Licht Von Claude Lorrain : Landchftsmalerei Aus Drei Jahr, Hirmer Verlag, Múnich, 1983, pp. nº114.

Claudio de Lorena y el ideal clásico de paisaje en el siglo, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1984, pp. 194.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. XI. Incidencias diversas, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VI, 1985, pp. 46.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. 199,202.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Galera, Esther, Herman van Swanevelt y la pintura de paisaje en la Colección Real española, Goya: Revista de Arte, 280, 2001, pp. 21-29.

Capitelli, Giovanna, Los paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro, En: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 257/ lám.83.

Steland, Anne Charlotte., Herman van swanevelt (um 1603-1655). Gemälde und Zeicnungen, Petersberg, 2009.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado.Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 233-236.

Steland, Anne Charlotte, Herman van Swanevelt (um 1603-1655): Gemälde und Zeichnungen, Michael Imhof, Petersberg, 2010, pp. 173-174.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [194].
[194] Un Pais de dos Uaras y media de alto y siette quarttas de ancho de mano del Ytaliano Con Vna Ria y Una Puentte y tres figuras y Un chiquillo en primer termino del mismo marco que la anttezedente tasada en setentta doblones ... 4.200.

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 194.
Estudio de don Andrés de la Calleja Pintor de Cámara de su magd. [...] {13330} 194 / =Retiro= Otro [pais] de vna ria y vn puente igual a los antecedentes [dos varas y media de alto y dos escasas de ancho] y del mismo autor [Claudio lorenes]

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 1059.
{3422} 1059. Otra [pintura] de Claudio Lorenès, con un rio, una Puente, Pescadores y otras figuras en un Pais, de la misma medida que los dos anteriores [dos varas y media de alto y dos varas de ancho] ... 3.000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. 1059.
Secretaría de Estado [...] {22231-22233} 664-424-1059 / dos varas y media alto vara de ancho cascadas con pescadores junto a vna montaña = montañas con caminantes que parecen moros = pais con arboledas y figuras la vna sentada = Benito Manuel

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.428.
Mil cincuenta y nueve. Pais con unrio, puentes y pescadores. Esbann-Nibel Iº 10.300.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1793.
Swanevelt / 1793. Pais quebrado y frondoso. / Atraviesale un rio con su puente. En el varias figuras. Efecto de sol poniente. / Alto 7 pies, 6 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 5 pies, 6 pulg, 6 lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1714.
1714.-(1793-R).-País.-Atraviesa el terreno un rio con su puente, y le animan varias figuras.-Efecto de sol poniente. / Col. de Carlos II, R.Alc. y Pal. de Madrid. / Alto 2,10; ancho 1,55.-L.

Exhibitions +

Holandeses en el Prado
Madrid
03.12.2009 - 11.04.2010

Update date: 28-08-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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