The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Collection <Back
Margaret Theresa of Spain
Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista

¿Beteta? (Cuenca), 1611 - Madrid, 1667

See author's file

Margaret Theresa of Spain

1665 - 1666. Oil on canvas

Margarita was born on 12 July 1651, the daughter of Philip IV and Mariana of Austria. On 12 December 1666, she married Emperor Leopold of Austria and died seven years later in Vienna. The fact that the princess is wearing mourning dress in this painting helps date it between September 1665 -when her father died- and her wedding in December 1666. Those dates suggest that the portrait was made in order to keep a memento in Madrid that would represent the infanta as she appeared shortly before she left permanently for Vienna. At the same time, it means this canvas is one of Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo´s last works, for he died in 1667. (The inscription below the chair on the left that erroneously identifies the sitter as her half-sister Maria Teresa is a later, spurious addition.) Margarita is posed frontally, her right arm extended and her hand resting on the back of a chair upholstered in deep crimson fabric, while in her left hand, which hangs at her side, she holds a pair of gloves. Just behind her, to her right, a large curtain drapes from above. This compositional scheme is a familiar one in portraits of queens and infantas painted by Velázquez and members of his circle, and was inaugurated by Velázquez´s portrait Mariana of Austria c.1652 (P1191). The same arrangement would also be deployed by Juan Carreño de Miranda in his Mariana of Austria 1677 (Harrach collection, Austria). The frequent use of this scheme is not only a reflection of tradition, but also is acknowledgment of the fact that, through this particular pose and these attributes, artists had managed to create an image that effectively communicated the connotations of majesty and prudence associated with a queen. Another common element in such portraits is the table clock, which in this case appears in the background, a traditional symbol of the selfcontrol and discretion expected of any woman with royal status. Two things in particular distinguish this painting from the others mentioned above, and these in turn may be found in other portraits of women from the court. On the one hand, there is the presence of the rug, which suggests that the painting was executed during autumn or winter, the time of year when such textiles were used. It is a richly adorned rug, whose details recall those of a rug that appears in another portrait by Mazo of the same princess from some years before (P1192). On the other hand, this image is also distinct in that another room is visible in the background, where several figures dressed in black stand. The most easily identifiable among them is the child with long hair, who holds a sceptre in his right hand and wears the chain of the Order of the Golden Fleece about his shoulders with the badge of the order hanging from it on his chest: elements that indicate he is Charles II, who had just inherited the throne. Beside him is a figure that is not much taller but is noticeably older. It is a dwarf, sometimes identified as Mari Bárbola, who appears in Velázquez´s Las meninas (P1174). The presence of dwarfs alongside princes and kings had become common in imagery of the Spanish court, for they came to be viewed as an attribute of royalty. Behind these two figures is a lady-in-waiting and, standing in the doorway, a woman dressed in widow´s weeds. She has on occasion been identified as Mariana of Austria, who dressed in that manner following Philip IV´s death. This is unlikely, however, because this figure´s pose would have proved improper for a woman of her station. This painting is one of the most important portraits executed in the Spanish court in the decade of the 1660s. It is testimony of the high quality that Mazo had attained in works of this sort, as well as of the persistence of compositional models created by Velázquez (Portús, J.: Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado, Queensland Art Gallery-Art Exhibitions Australia, 2012, p. 86).

Multimedia

Technical data

Related artworks

Las Meninas
Oil on canvas, 1656
Inventory number
P000888
Author
Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista
Title
Margaret Theresa of Spain
Date
1665 - 1666
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 205 cm.; Width: 144 cm.
Series
Proyecto de Sala de Retratos de los Reyes de la Casa de Austria y Borbón, Real Museo
Provenance
Royal Collection (Real Alcázar, Madrid, desde 1695; Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid; Casa del Nuevo Rezado, Madrid, 1847).

Bibliography +

Villa Urrutia, W.R.De, Relaciones Entre España y Austria Durante el Reinado de la E..., Impr.Y Estereotipia de Ricardo Fe, Madrid, 1905, pp. 47.

Dick, Stewart, Juan Bautista del Mazo, The Connoisseur, 27, 1910, pp. 3-11.

Lozoya, Juan de Contreras y López de Ayala, Marqués de, Historia del arte hispánico, Salvat, Barcelona, 1940, pp. 112.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

El arte en la época de Calderón, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1981, pp. 70.

Bernis, Carmen, ''El traje de viudas y dueñas en los cuadros de Velázquez y su escuela'' en: Miscelánea de arte, Instituto ''Diego Velázquez'', Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas, Madrid, 1982, pp. 145-152.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 398.

Domínguez Díez,, Una pionera del feminismo en el Madrid del siglo XVII: María de Zayas y Sotomayor, Villa de Madrid, 23, 1985, pp. 50.

Monstruos, enanos y bufones en la Corte de los Austrias, Amigos del Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1986, pp. 104.

Palomino de Castro y Velasco, Acisclo Antonio, Vidas, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986, pp. 223.

De Greco à Picasso, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1987, pp. 165.

Sérullaz, Maurice, Velazquez, Harry N. Abrams.Inc, 1987, pp. 41 / lám. 50.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Ayala Mallory, Nina, Del Greco a Murillo: la pintura española del Siglo de Oro, 1, Alianza, Madrid, 1991, pp. 170 / lám. 145.

Ayala, Nina, Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo. Retratos y paisajes, Goya: Revista de Arte, 221, 1991, pp. 269 / lám. 9-10.

Mirar Un Cuadro en el Museo del Prado, Lundwerg, Barcelona, 1991, pp. 191-192.

Harris, Enriqueta, Velázquez, Ephialte, Vitoria, 1991, pp. 155 / lám. 162.

El mundo de Carlos V : de la España medieval al siglo de Oro, Sociedad Estatal para la Conmemoración de los Cent, Madrid, 2000.

Checa Cremades, Fernando, Cortes del Barroco : De Bernini y Velazquez a Lvca Giordano, SeacexPatrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 2003.

Garrido, Carmen, Puntualizaciones sobre algunos retratos de Diego Velázquez, Goya: Revista de Arte, 298, 2004, pp. 18.

De Tiziano a Goya. Obras maestras del Museo del Prado., Tokio - Osaka, 2006.

Doval Trueba, María del Mar, Sobre algunos retratos ''velazqueños'' de la infanta Margarita, Goya, 313-4, 2006, pp. 247.

Oblidant Velázquez. Las Meninas, Ajuntament de Barcelona, Barcelona, 2008.

Carlos II. El rey y su entorno cortesano, Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, 2009, pp. 166-185.

Souto, J.L. Sancho, J.L, El primer retrato del rey Carlos II: una composición alegórica dibujada por Herrera Barnuevo. Precisiones sobre la iconografía regia en la Corte del último Austria., Reales Sitios, XLVII, 2010, pp. 53.

Pascual Chenel, Álvaro, El retrato de Estado durante el reinado de Carlos II. Imagen y propaganda, Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 2010, pp. 454-5, cat. PC58.

Gayo, Mª Dolores; Jover de Celis, Maite, Evolución de las preparaciones en la pintura sobre lienzo de los siglos XVII y XVIII en España., Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXVIII, 2010, pp. 39-59.

El Prado en el Hermitage, Museo Estatal del Hermitage. MNP, 2011, pp. 140-141.

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from The Prado, Queensland Art Gallery, 2012, pp. 86-87, nº4.

Portus, Javier, Juan Bautista Martínez del Mazo 'Doña Margarita de Austria'. En :, Velázquez y la familia de Felipe IV, [1650-1680], Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 142-143 n.24.

Bastl, Beatrix Colomer, José Luis, 'Dos infantas españolas en la Corte Imperial' En: Vestir a la española en las cortes europeas (siglos XVI y XVII), II, CEEH, Madrid, 2014, pp. 137-172 [153 f.12].

Bernis, Carmen Descalzo, Amelia, 'El traje femenino español en la época de los Austrias' En: Vestir a la española en las cortes europeas (siglos XVI y XVII), I, CEEH, Madrid, 2014, pp. 39-75 [69].

Herrero García, Miguel, Estudios sobre indumentaria española en la época de los Austrias, Centro de Estudios Europa Hispánica, 2014, pp. 246 f.68.

García Sierra, Mª José, 'Quién vestía a los reyes. Real Guardarropa y sastres de Cámara' En: Vestir a la española en las cortes europeas (siglos XVI y XVII), I, CEEH, Madrid, 2014, pp. 113-135 [131 n.7] vol II p-152 f.12.

Greub, Thierry, Der Platz des Bildes und der 'Platz des Königs', Diego Velázquez 'Las Meninas' im Sommer-Arbeitszimmer Philipps IV, Zeitschrift für Kunstgeschichte, Heft 3-4, 2015, pp. 441-487 [460 f.11].

Kientz, G.K, 'J.B.Martínez del Mazo. L'Impératrice Marguerite d'Autriche en deuil' En:, Velázquez, Réunion des musées nationaux-Grand Palais: Louvre..., Paris, 2015, pp. 320 n.102.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1941.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2817.
2817. Idm de la Infanta Dª Maria Teresa. / Trage negro y sin marco. / Alto 7 pies, 6 pulg; ancho 5 pies, 3 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 790.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 888.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 888.

Exhibitions +

Balenciaga y la pintura española
Madrid
18.06.2019 - 22.09.2019

Velázquez
París
25.03.2015 - 13.07.2015

Velázquez and the Family of Philip IV
Madrid
08.10.2013 - 09.02.2014

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Houston
16.12.2012 - 31.03.2013

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Houston TX
15.12.2012 - 31.03.2013

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Brisbane
22.07.2012 - 04.11.2012

Portrait of Spain. Masterpieces from the Prado
Brisbane, Australia
21.07.2012 - 04.11.2012

De Velázquez a Picasso: Estudio sobre Las Meninas
Barcelona
15.05.2008 - 28.09.2008

De Tiziano a Goya. Obras maestras del Museo del Prado
Osaka
14.07.2006 - 15.10.2006

De Tiziano a Goya. Obras maestras del Museo del Prado
Tokio
24.03.2006 - 02.07.2006

The Spanish Portrait: From El Greco to Picasso
Madrid
20.10.2004 - 06.02.2005

Bernini, Velázquez, Luca Giordano. Le Corti del Barocco - Cortes del Barroco
Madrid
15.10.2003 - 15.01.2004

Carlos V entre dos mundos culturales. De las tres culturas de la España medieval al Siglo de Oro
México D.F.
03.11.2000 - 28.02.2001

Cinco Siglos de Arte Español
París
05.10.1987 - 05.01.1988

Location +

(Temporary Exhibition)

Update date: 18-06-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Martínez del Mazo, Juan Bautista

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.

Up