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Mars with the Signs of Aries and Scorpio
Facchetti, Pietro (Copy after Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio))
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Facchetti, Pietro (Copy after Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio))

Mars with the Signs of Aries and Scorpio

XVI century. Oil on canvas. Not on display

The helmeted figure of Mars holds a sword in his right hand, and a shield in his left and looks skywards. Behind him, a fragment of the Zodiac bears the signs of Aries and Scorpio. At the top, we see the angel that, according to Dante, presides over every star.

This painting and its companions (P306 to P312) are copies of cartoons for the mosaics at the Chigi Chapel in the Roman church of Santa Maria del Popolo. Those cartoons were made by Raphael and the mosaics, by Alvise della Pace in 1516.

The paintings are from the royal collections and were brought to Spain by Rubens in 1603 as gifts from the Duke of Mantua to the Duke of Lerma. They were part of the decoration of Philip IV´s Salón Planetario (Planetary Hall) at the Buen Retiro Palace.

Technical data

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Inventory number
Facchetti, Pietro (Copy after Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio))
Mars with the Signs of Aries and Scorpio
XVI century
Height: 174 cm.; Width: 130 cm.
Copias de los Cartones para mosaicos de la Capilla Chigi, Santa María del Popolo, Roma
Royal Collection (Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1701, [nº 212]; Buen Retiro, 1794, nº 826).

Bibliography +

Inventario Nuevo. Madrid. 1794., Madrid, 1794, pp. nº16296(826).

Martín González, Juan José1923-2009, Exposicion Conmemorativa del IV Centenario del Nacimiento de, Direccion General del Patrimonio..., Valladolid, 1977.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc, Nueva York. Londres, 1986.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº10.

Ruiz Manero, Jose María, Pintura italiana del siglo XVI en España, Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 1996, pp. 130.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [212].
[212] Ottra [pintura] del mismo tamaño [dos varas de alto y vara y media de ancho] y marco [negro] con el planetta Martte y el signo de Arias y Carnero tassada en Diez Doblones ... 600

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 826.
Otra [pintura], con el Planeta Marte, y Signo de Aries y Carnero, igual à las anteriores [de dos varas y tercia de alto y vara y media de ancho]...250

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 10.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 10.
Copia de Rafael. / 10. Marte, con los signos aries y escorpion. / Alto 6 pies, 3 pulg; ancho 4 pies, 8 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 376.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 308.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 308.



There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Update date: 04-12-2020 | Registry created on 24-08-2015

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