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Mercury with the signs of Gemini and Virgo
Facchetti, Pietro (Copy after Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio))
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Facchetti, Pietro (Copy after Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio))

Mercury with the signs of Gemini and Virgo

XVI century. Oil on canvas Not on display

The life-sized figure that represents the planet Mercury holds the caduceus in his left hand and points with the index finger of his extended right hand. Behind him, a fragment of the zodiac presents the signs of Gemini and Virgo. At the top, a winged figure points to the sky with its left hand.

This painting and its companions (P306 to P312) are copies of cartoons for the mosaics at the Chigi Chapel in the Roman church of Santa Maria del Popolo. Those cartoons were made by Raphael and the mosaics, by Alvise della Pace in 1516.

The paintings are from the royal collections and were brought to Spain by Rubens in 1603 as gifts from the Duke of Mantua to the Duke of Lerma. They were part of the decoration of Philip IV´s Salón Planetario (Planetary Hall) at the Buen Retiro Palace.

Technical data

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Inventory number
P000309
Author
Facchetti, Pietro (Copy after Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio))
Title
Mercury with the signs of Gemini and Virgo
Date
XVI century
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 174 cm.; Width: 130 cm.
Series
Copias de los Cartones para mosaicos de la Capilla Chigi, Santa María del Popolo, Roma
Provenance
Royal Collection (Palacio del Buen Retiro, 1701, [nº 211]; Buen Retiro, 1794, nº 825).

Bibliography +

Inventario Palacio Nuevo. 1794, Madrid, 1794.

Madrazo, Pedro de, Viaje artístico de tres siglos por las colecciones de cuadro, Daniel Cortezo y Cª, Barcelona, 1884, pp. 102.

Martín González, Juan José1923-2009, Exposicion Conmemorativa del IV Centenario del Nacimiento de, Direccion General del Patrimonio..., Valladolid, 1977.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc, Nueva York. Londres, 1986, pp. 210/ lám.817.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº11.

Ruiz Manero, Jose María, Pintura italiana del siglo XVI en España, Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 1996, pp. 129.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [211].
[211] Ottra Pintura del mismo tamaño [dos varas de alto y vara y media de ancho] y marco [negro] del planetta mercurio Con el signo de Geminis tasado en diez Doblones ... 600

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 825.
Otra [pintura], con el Planeta Mercurio, y Signo de Geminis, igual à las anteriores [dos varas y tercia de alto y vara y media de ancho]...250

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 11.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 11.
Copia de Rafael. / 11. Mercurio, con los signos géminis y virgo / Alto 6 pies, 3 pulg; ancho 4 pies, 8 pulg

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 377.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 309.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 309.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Update date: 03-05-2019 | Registry created on 24-08-2015

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