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Mountain Pass (Jaraba de Aragón)
Haes, Carlos de
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Haes, Carlos de

Brussels (Belgium), 1826 - Madrid (Spain), 1898

Haes, Carlos de See author's file

Mountain Pass (Jaraba de Aragón)

Ca. 1872. Oil on canvas.
Room 063A

This work shows a setting on the outskirts of the town of Jaraba, bordering the province of Guadalajara at the southeastern edge of the province of Zaragoza in the Mesa River Cañon between Jaraba and Calmarza. It was painted by Carlos de Haes on his way to the Monasterio de Piedra, one of his favorite places to paint landscapes after he discovered it in the summer of 1856. He had been invited by his friend, Federico Muntadas, who then owned the Monastery and the surrounding land, and he visited it repeatedly over the course of his life. Carlos de Haes was particularly attracted to the characteristic mountainous wind and water-worn terrain on the road from Jaraba, especially the play of evening light on the ocher surface of its limestone rocks and clay soil.

While Carlos de Haes’s considerable fame and public renown were due to his large composed landscapes, exemplified by The Canal of Mancorbo in the Picos de Europa, his more intimate and sincere facet as a renovating force in Spanish landscape painting is visible in the splendid oil studies he painted outdoors. These, and innumerable pencil sketches, constitute the artistic legacy he left to his favorite students. In fact, over the course of his life, Haes kept the vast majority of the oil studies he painted on his excursions -either alone or accompanied by his students. This was his manner of teaching them to capture the landscape on the spot, outdoors, and it transformed the approach to this genre for the generations of Spanish landscape painters who attended his classes. These are rapid sketches taken from life in a single session of no more that one or two hours. They were painted on small-format canvases, cardboard or paper cut to fit the small wooden case he carried on his excursions and used as a sort of portable easel, attaching the supports to it with tacks whose marks are still visible on the edge of most of them. Back at his studio, Haes mounted his most fragile studies on more ridged and substantial supports, so that most are still intact today (Text drawn from Díez, J. L.: El siglo XIX en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2007, pp. 284-289).

Technical data

Inventory number
Haes, Carlos de
Mountain Pass (Jaraba de Aragón)
Ca. 1872
Height: 39 cm; Width: 60 cm
Donated by Jaime Morera to Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899; Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899-1971.

Bibliography +

Museo de Arte Moderno, Catálogo provisional del Museo de Arte Moderno., Imp. del Colegio Nacional de Sordomudos y de Ciegos, Madrid, 1900.

Espinós, Adela; Orihuela, Mercedes y Royo Villanova, Mercedes, El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. IV, Boletín del Museo del Prado, II, 1981, pp. 76.

Pintores españoles de la luz, AyuntamientoBanco de Bilbao, Madrid, 1983, pp. 57.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo de las pinturas del siglo XIX, Ministerio de Cultura, Madrid, 1985, pp. 109.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Madrid. XI. Ministerio de Cultura, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VI, 1985, pp. 45.

Magariños, A., Las Raices de Todas las Cosas : Exposicion con Motivo del Di, Ministerio de Obras Publicas, Madrid, 1989, pp. 70.

De Fortuny a Picasso. Trente Ans de Peinture Espagnole 1874-, Musèe des BeauxArts, Agen, 1994.

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898), Fundación Marcelino Botín, Santander, 2002, pp. 256.

Gutiérrez Márquez, Ana, Carlos de Haes en el Museo del Prado, 1826-1898: catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2002, pp. 78.

Diez, J.L; Barón, J., El siglo XIX en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 281 / lám. 57.

Bosqued Lacambra, Pilar, Carlos de Haes en Aragón y en el Monasterio de Piedra. Estudio del paisaje antaño y actual, Academia. Boletín de la Real Academia de Bellas Artes, n.114-115, 2012-2013, pp. 119-140 [134,138 (43MP)].

Díez, José Luis (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 256.

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo de Arte Moderno, 1900. Núm. 206.
SECCIÓN DE PINTURA EN SUS DIVERSAS CLASES, DIBUJOS Y GRABADOS EN LÁMINAS. / Haes (D. Carlos de) [...] 206.- Desfiladero (Jaraba de Aragón). / Alto 0'39 metros. Ancho 0'60 metros.

Inv. General del Museo de Arte Moderno, 1899-1902. Núm. 646.

Registros-Inventarios Museo Nacional de Arte Moderno, 1900-1936. Núm. 44 H.

Inscriptions +

M.A.M 646
Scrap of paper. Front, lower right corner

Exhibitions +

El Siglo XIX en el Prado
31.10.2007 - 20.04.2008

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898). Burgos
28.09.2004 - 21.11.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898). Valencia
22.06.2004 - 29.08.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898). Vitoria
10.03.2004 - 16.05.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898) Badajoz
01.12.2003 - 01.02.2004

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898) Málaga
24.04.2003 - 29.06.2003

Carlos de Haes (1826-1898) en el Museo del Prado
15.10.2002 - 12.01.2003

Carlos de Haes - Madrid
08.10.2002 - 17.11.2002

Carlos de Haes - Santander
30.07.2002 - 15.09.2002

De Fortuny a Picasso: 30 ans de peinture espagnole (1874-1906)
07.07.1995 - 04.09.1995

De Fortuny a Picasso: 30 ans de peinture espagnole (1874-1906)
13.03.1995 - 27.06.1995

De Fortuny a Picasso: 30 ans de peinture espagnole (1874-1906)
05.11.1994 - 19.02.1995

Exposición sobre el Medio Ambiente
06.06.1989 - 30.06.1989

Location +

Room 063A (On Display)

Update date: 28-01-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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