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Portrait of a Man
Durero, Alberto
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Durero, Alberto

Nüremberg, 1471 - Nüremberg, 1528

Miniatura autor

Portrait of a Man

1521. Oil on panel, 50 x 36 cm.

This portrait is one of Dürer’s great creations. It offers a three-quarters view of an unidentified person who occupies most of the canvas. Dürer places him in front of a dark background that bears some touches of blue. The light enters from the left, bringing out the features of the face and hands and projecting the sitter’s shadow onto the background at the right, where the date and the painter’s monogram appear. A large hat brings out the model’s face, with an intense gaze and energetic character. The viewer’s eye is also drawn to the hands, and especially the rolled paper in the left hand, which undoubtedly expresses the model’s social circumstances.

The date is inscribed at the lower right of the painting and, while the last digit is difficult to identify, the work definitely corresponds to the painter’s final period. Although many authors prefer to read it as 1524, the canvas itself and the form in which its surface has been worked resemble portraits that Dürer made in the Netherlands through May 1521, or later that year after returning to Nuremberg. This typology -a half-length figure presented in a way that focuses attention on the face and hands- was employed by the artist in his first portraits, but abandoned in 1500. After that, he only returned to it in exceptional cases, such as his Portrait of Emperor Maximilian, from 1519 (Vienna, Kunsthistoriches Museum) or the portraits he made on his visit to Flanders in 1520-21, where it was very common among the local painters. From 1522, he made only bust portraits, which would make this likeness an exception if it were, in fact, painted in 1524. The same would be true of its surface work, which is very carefully rendered, with considerable attention to capturing the qualities of things. This reflects, and would appear to compete with, the work of Flemish painters -especially Quentin Massys-, which Dürer indeed did during his stay in the Netherlands. It is thus logical to suppose that he painted it in 1521, either in Flanders or in Nuremberg. The latter location is also suggested by the sitter’s sumptuous clothing, which is more in keeping with a German setting. Some authors have identified the model as councilman Hans Imhoff the Elder of Nuremberg, who died in 1522; treasurer Lornz Sterk, whose portrait hangs at the Isabella Stewart Gardner Museum in Boston; or Jobst Planfelt, the painter’s landlord in Antwerp. There is no real foundation for any of these suggestions, although all three are known to have been portrayed by Dürer.

This work is customarily associated with a portrait by Dürer that accompanied his self-portrait from 1498 in the collection of Charles I of England (Museo del Prado, P2179), both of which were gifts from the city of Nuremberg to the English monarch in 1632. However, the documentation of the latter works up to the time that they arrived in Spain mentions the self-portrait and a likeness of the painter’s father, supposedly the one from 1497, of which there is a replica at the National Gallery of London. That is what appears in the document of their purchase by politician Luis de Haro at the auction of Charles I’s property. De Haro gave the two works to Philip IV of Spain in 1654. The first clear reference to the present portrait as part of Spain’s Royal Collection is in the inventory of Charles III (1789-1790), where it is listed among the works hanging in Madrid’s royal Palace. From there, it entered the Museo del Prado in 1827 (Text drawn from Silva, P.: El Prado en el Ermitage, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2011, pp. 72-73).

Multimedia

Technical data

Inventory number
P02180
Author
Durero, Alberto
Title
Portrait of a Man
Date
1521
Technique
Oil
Support
Panel
Dimension
High/Height: 50 cm.; Width: 36 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (New Royal Palace, Madrid, “paso de tribuna y trascuartos”, 1772, nº 32; New Royal Palace, Madrid, “primera pieza de la obra nueva”, 1794, nº 32; Royal Palace, Madrid, “cuarto del infante don Francisco-primera pieza o cuarto del mayordomo mayor”, 1814-1818, s.n.?).

Bibliography +

Ponz, Antonio1725-1792, Viage de España: en que se da noticia de las cosas mas aprec, Madrid Atlas, 1793, pp. 44.

Lefort, P., Les Musees de Madrid. Le Prado, San Fernando, L'Armeria, Paris Gazette des BeauxArts, 1896, pp. 78.

Inventario de los cuadros del Marqués de Leganes. CONSEJO SUPERIOR DE INVESTIGACIONES, 1898, pp. 125.

Ricketts, C.S., The Prado and Its Masterpieces, Westminster Archibald Constable and Company, 1903, pp. 18.

Die Galerien Europas, Leipzig E.A.Seemann, 1912.

Albert Durer. Les grands graveurs, Paris Hachette et Cie, 1913, pp. 62.

Dayot, Armand, Le Prado de Madrid. Vol. I, Paris Editions Pierre Lafitte, 1914, pp. 93.

Brion, Marcel, Albrecht Dürer. His life and work, Londres Thames and Hudson, 1960, pp. 285.

Tüngel, Richard, 400 Jahre Kunst, Kultur, und Geschichte im Prado, Zurich Schweizer Verlagshaus, 1964, pp. 200/ lám.112.

Ludecke, Heinz, Albrecht Dürer, Nueva York G.P.Putnam's sons, 1970, pp. lám.41.

Sporer, E.D. Schlottke, B. Hennig, L. et al., Albretch Durer 1471-1971., Munich Prestel verlag, 1971.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Madrid Museo del Prado, 1972.

Burke, Marcus B., Private Collections of Italian Art in Seventeenth Century Sp, Nueva York University Microfilm International, 1984, pp. 119.

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985.

Museo Nacional del Prado., Museo del Prado : catálogo de las pinturas /, Madrid Museo del Prado,, 1985, pp. 193-194.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales. Carlos III. 1789-1790. Vol. I, Madrid Patrimonio Nacional, 1988, pp. 34.

Musper,H.T., Albrecht Dürer, Nueva York Editions cercle d'art, 1989, pp. 130.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Madrid Museo del PradoEspasa Calpe, 1990.

Campbell, Lorne, Renaissance Portraits. European Portrait Painting in the 14t, New Haven. Londres Yale University Press, 1990, pp. 17.

Anzelewsky, Fedja, Albrecht Dürer. Das Malerische werk, Berlin, 1991, pp. 267 n.165.

Bettagno, Alessandro, El Museo del Prado, Madrid Fonds MercatorFundación Amigos del Museo del Prado, 1996, pp. 517.

Museo Nacional del Prado, La almoneda del siglo: relaciones artísticas entre España y, Madrid Museo Nacional del Prado, 2002, pp. 252.

López Fanjul,M. Pérez Preciado,J.J., Los números y marcas de colección en los cuadros del Museo del Prado : Museo del Prado., 2005, pp. 84-110.

Matilla, José Manuel, Durero: obras maestras de la Albertina, Madrid Museo Nacional del Prado, 2005, pp. 287.

Herrmann Fiore, Kristina (ed), Dürer e l'Italia, Milán, 2007, pp. 126 n.1.14.

Koreny, Fritz, Albrecht Dürer und die Niederlande. Einfluss und wirkung - Anmerkungen zu den künstlerischen wechselbezeihungen der reise. Fundación Col.Thyssen-Bornemisza, 2008, pp. 333-344 [336].

Wolf, Norbert, Dürer, Munich Prestel Verlag, 2010, pp. 270-271.

Sellink, Manfred, Bildnis eines bartlosen Mannes mit grossen barett En: Borchert,Till-Holger Lannoo, 2010, pp. 427-429 n.238.

El Prado en el Hermitage Museo Estatal del Hermitage: Museo del Prado, 2011, pp. 72-73.

Strieder, Peter, Dürer Königstein im taunus, 2012, pp. 140.

Thiemann, M, 'Bildnis Albrecht Durer ' Kopie wach Wenzel Hollar' iEn: Michael Imhof Verlag,, 2015, pp. 240-241.

Other inventories +

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 32.
Paso de Tribuna y Trascuartos [...] {12815} 32 / Otro retrato de medio cuerpo con sombrero puesto y vn papel en la mano izquierda de dos tercias de alto y media vara escasa de ancho del mismo Alberto

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1794. Núm. 32.
Primera Pieza de la Obra nueva [...] {256} 32 / Dos tercias de ancho y media vara de alto: retrato de un hombre con Sombrero puesto y un papel en la mano izquierda. Alberto Durero ... 2000

Inv. Fernando VII, Palacio Nuevo, 1814-1818. Núm. ¿s. n.?.
Quarto del Infante Don Francisco / Primera pieza [...] {21878} igual [dos tercias alto media vara ancho] retrato desconocido con sombrero y un papel en la mano = Escuela de Alberto Durero [o] Cuarto del Mayordomo Mayor [...] {21118} tabla retrato del natural medio cuerpo de vn hombre de mayor edad vestido o de negro con vn gorro en la cabeza y un papel arrollado en la mano = Durero

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 992.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 992.
Durero. / 992. Retrato de un hombre. / Representa unos 50 años de edad; Lleva ropón oscuro con pieles del mismo color, y sombrero de ala ancha. En la mano izquierda tiene un papel. (Tabla). / Alto 1 Pie, 9 Pulg, 6 Lin; Ancho 1 Pie, 3 Pulg, 6 Lin.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 1317.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1910. Núm. 2180.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1942-1996. Núm. 2180.

Exhibitions +

Albrecht Dürer: his Art in the Context of Time
Frankfurt
23.10.2013 - 02.02.2014

El Prado en el Hermitage
San Petersburgo
25.02.2011 - 29.05.2011

From Van Eyck to Dürer. Artistic Exchanges Between the Netherlands and Central, Eastern and Northern Europe c. 1420 - 1530
Brujas
28.10.2010 - 30.01.2011

Alberto Durero e Italia
Roma
09.03.2007 - 10.06.2007

Location +

Room 055B (On Display)

Update date: 15-12-2015 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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