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Rock crystal dish with an engraved eagle
Royel, Jean; Anonymous
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra
Royel, Jean
1683, 1710
Anonymous

Rock crystal dish with an engraved eagle

XIV century. Rock crystal / Hyaline quartz, Silver gilt. Room 079B

A dish made up of a piece of rock crystal with a deep bowl and a broad brim, around which there runs a gilt silver mount with gadroons on the outer strip and engraved palmette motifs on the inside. In the centre is a crude engraving of a crowned eagle, abased, with its beak turned to its right. The glasswork is ancient, probably Roman, and the eagle was perhaps engraved around the 14th century to represent the arms of some European royal house, such as those of Swabia or Poland. As Arbeteta pointed out, the piece seems identifiable with descriptions in various historic documents ranging from the Dauphinate of Charles V of France (1338-1380) to the Spanish inventories of the Dauphin’s Treasure. In this respect, it is perhaps the best documented object in the Prado’s collection, and one of the most frequently recorded among the treasure of the kings of France.

According to Arbeteta, it appeared in the Brussels inventory of Emperor Charles I of Spain and V of Germany. To judge by the description, the mount would then have been Gothic in style, with groups of pearls arranged in trefoils, and made after 1380. Were this theory to be confirmed, the piece would be one of prime importance among the European collections.

The much later silver gilt mount that now protects the edge of the dish is Parisian. It was made before the piece was described in the Versailles inventory, possibly in the same year of 1689, and it is marked with the initials IR, attributed to the silversmith Jean Royel. The mark is identical to the one on the mounts of the two lapis lazuli salvers in the Dauphin’s Treasure, O-60 and O-61, which still lacked their mounts in 1689. This indicates that the silversmith IR worked after that date on the Grand Dauphin’s collection. The mark which accompanies the silversmith’s hallmark is the charge mark of the assay master (fermier) Pierre Pointeau, active from December 1691 to January 1697. The pattern of the fretwork, similar to that of the lapis lazuli salvers O-60 and O-61, bears a resemblance to that of a project for a dish with the royal arms that was left unfinished by the Parisian goldsmith Claude Ballin the Elder upon his death in 1678.

The Museo del Prado has the photograph by Juan Laurent y Minier, Plateau circulaire, en cristal de roche gravé, montures d’argent doré, XVIIe siècle, règne de Louis XIII, c. 1879. Museo del Prado, HF0835/49 (L. Arbeteta, in press).

Technical data

Related artworks

Rock crystal dish with an engraved eagle
Albumen on photographic paper, Ca. 1879
Inventory number
O000072
Author
Royel, Jean; Anonymous
Title
Rock crystal dish with an engraved eagle
Date
XIV century (Dish); 1689 (Adornment)
Technique
Chased; Engraved
Medium
Rock crystal / Hyaline quartz; Silver gilt
Dimension
Height: 4.9 cm.; Diameter: 27 cm.; Weight: 1284 g.
Series
Tesoro del Delfín
Provenance
Royal Collection

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Catálogo de las Alhajas del Delfín, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1989 (ed.rev), pp. 118,241.

Arbeteta Mira, Letizia, El tesoro del Delfín: alhajas de Felipe V recibidas por herencia de su padre Luis, Gran Delfín de Francia, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001, pp. 316,317.

Azcue Brea,L. Simal López,M. Cardito,Y., 'La participación de piezas del Tesoro del Delfín del Museo del Pradoen la Exposición Histórico-Natural y Etnográfica' En:, Ministerio de Educación Cultura y Deporte, Madrid, 2017, pp. 295-308 https://dialnet.unirioja.es/servlet/libro?codigo=705205.

Arbeteta, L. Azcue, L., El Tesoro del Delfín, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2018, 2018.

Other inventories +

Agates, cristaux, procelaines, bronzes, et autres curiositez qui sont dans le Cabinet de Monseigneur le Dauphin a Versailles. Núm. 236.

Inv. Felipe V, La Granja, Tesoro del Delfín, 1746. Núm. 115.
Dos Piezas en una Caja redonda de Tafilete encarnado; la una una Flamenquilla lisa de Christal de Roca que tiene una Aguila coronada gravada en el fondo por la parte de áfuera, y una guarnicion, que circunda el vorde de Color de oro, parte burilado, y la otra una Salvilla con su pie, del proprio Christal, gravados en ella dos Canastillos de Flores, y distintos ramos con dos guarniciones de Color de oro Esmaltado, y tiene la primera quincededos, y medio de alto; y la ultima doce en la propria forma.

Inv. Gabinete Historia Natural, 1776. Núm. 127.
Un plato en forma de flamenquilla de cristal de roca, liso que tiene en el medio una aguila abierta, en la falda una guarnicion de plata dorada agallonada y tallada vale 1.240.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 127.
Alhajas y efectos preciosos que se hallaban colocados en el Gabinete de Historia natural y trasladados al Real Museo de Pintura y Escultura de S. M., en virtud de Rl. orden de 11 de Mayo de 1839 [...] 127. Un plato en forma de flamenquilla de cristal de roca liso, que tiene en el medio una Aguila abierta; en la falda una guarnicion de plata dorada y agallonada y tallada.

Exhibitions +

Die Kunst des Steinschnitts vom Mittelaller bis zum Barock. Der Zauber Edler Steine
Viena
16.12.2002 - 23.04.2003

El arte de la plata y las joyas en la España de Carlos V
La Coruña
06.07.2000 - 15.09.2000

Platería europea en España
Madrid
15.10.1997 - 15.12.1997

Location +

Room 079B (On Display)

Expuesto
Update date: 05-08-2020 | Registry created on 02-12-2015

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