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Saints Gregory the Great and Jerome
Berruguete, Pedro
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Berruguete, Pedro

Paredes de Nava, Palencia (Spain), 1445 - Madrid? (Spain), 1503

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Saints Gregory the Great and Jerome

1495 - 1500. Oil on panel.
Room 052A

This panel and its companion, Saint Ambrose and Saint Augustine (P8124), must have been part of the predella of a mid-sized altarpiece. Like most of the works attributed to Pedro Berruguete, they are not documented, but there is no doubt about his hand, which is patent in both the human types depicted in them and, fundamentally, their style. One characteristic of Berruguete’s approach is his interest in transmitting the qualities of the objects appearing in his works, as can be seen here in Saint Gregory’s sumptuous dalmatic, which has images of the apostles Peter and Paul embroidered on the border in the foreground. It is equally visible in the open books, the large cabochons surrounded by pearls and the highlights often found in works by this artist from Palencia. His treatment of surfaces is also representative, including the typical light and dark brushstrokes clearly visible on the saints’ tanned and strongly structured faces and on their hands. Unlike his other depictions of the fathers of the Church, these are presented without halos. Saint Gregory raises right hand and holds a book with his left. He is identifiable by his triple papal crown. Saint Jerome holds the braid of his cape with his right hand and a book with his left and is identifiable through his cardinal’s habit. In this panel, Berruguete also refrains from including the lion that appears in his other images of Saint Jerome, including the one at the Regional Government of Palencia and those on the predellas of altarpieces at the monastery of Santo Tomás and Avila Cathedral (Text drawn from Silva, P.: Donación Várez Fisa, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2013, p. 41).


Technical data

Related artworks

Inventory number
Berruguete, Pedro
Saints Gregory the Great and Jerome
1495 - 1500
Height: 58.2 cm; Width: 72.3 cm
Madrazo family ?, nineteenth century; London, 08.12.1972; Várez Fisa Collection, Madrid, since 1972; Bequest of Várez Fisa Family, 2013.

Bibliography +

Christie's London, 1972. 8-12, pp. lote 27.

Avila, Ana, Oro y tejidos en los fondos pictóricos del Renacimiento español, Anuario del Departamento de Historia y Teoría del Arte, 1989, pp. 103-116 [112].

Pérez Sánchez, A. E., Navarrete Prieto, B., Pintura española recuperada por el coleccionismo privado, Fundación Fondo de Cultura de Sevilla, Sevilla, 1996, pp. 44-50 n.9-10.

Pedro Berruguete: el primer pintor renacentista de la Corona, Junta de Castilla y León, Consejería de Educación, 2003, pp. 206-207 n.53-54.

Silva, Pilar, Donación Várez Fisa, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2013, pp. 40-43 n.14.

Alba, L. García-Máiquez, J. Gayo, M. D. Jover, M. Silva, P., Las prácticas artísticas de los pintores ''hispanoflamencos'' en la Corona de Castilla en el siglo XV, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XXXII, 2014, pp. 122-147 [132].

Silva, Pilar, Pedro Berruguete 'San Gregorio Magno y San Jerónimo y San Ambrosio y San Agustín' En: Museo Nacional del Prado. Memoria de actividades 2013, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2014, pp. 58-61.

Redondo Cantera, M.J, Micro-arquitecturas 'al romano' en la pintura de Pedro Berruguete, Boletín del Seminario de Estudios de Arte y Arqueología., nº.86, 2020, pp. 95-139 [109].

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2850.

Location +

Room 052A (On Display)

Update date: 21-06-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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