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Charles II as a child
Attributed to Carreño de Miranda, Juan
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Attributed to Carreño de Miranda, Juan

Avilés, Asturias (Spain), 1614 - Madrid (Spain), 1685

Carreño de Miranda, Juan See author's file

Charles II as a child

Ca. 1675. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

Charles II stands in the Alcázar Palace’s Hall of Mirrors alongside a porphyry table held up by two of Mateo Bonuccelli’s gilded bronze lions. The monarch is dressed in black silk, as was customary in royal portraits of the Spanish branch of the Habsburg dynasty since the time of Philip II. He wears the Golden Fleece on a necklace and has a sword on his belt. He holds a folded report in his right hand, and his left, which grasps a hat with black plumes, rests on a buffet. He has a traditional ruff collar around his neck. His long, straight blond hair is parted in the middle. A large porphyry urn rests on the table behind him and two mirrors with ebony frames and gilded-bronze eagles facing each other, hang on the walls at the same height. The lower part of a painting is visible on the wall above them. The mirrors reflect the back of the king’s head and the room’s opposite wall, decorated with various canvases, and a partially open door. The mirror that reflects the king’s head includes Titian’s Tityus and Rubens’ 1628 Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV, lost in the Alcázar fire but known through its copy at the Galleria degli Uffizi. The red-and-white tile floor and mirror help to expand the perspective. The composition is framed by a large red curtain on the left, with an embroidered gold edge and a thick cord with a large tassel.

While the prototype is the canvas at the Museo de Bellas Artes de Asturias, which dates from 1671, the present work has some variants: the king’s face is older, his hair is parted in the middle, and the Golden Fleece hangs from a necklace, rather than a button. The monarch is also closer to the viewer, and this led A. Pascual Chenel to date it from around 1675.


Technical data

Related artworks

Charles II
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1675
Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Inventory number
Attributed to Carreño de Miranda, Juan
Charles II as a child
Ca. 1675
Height: 167 cm; Width: 125 cm
Royal Collection (Estate of the Duke of El Arco, El Pardo – Madrid, third room, 1794, no. 60)

Bibliography +

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº2165.

López Sánchez, Fernando, Pedro Ruiz González (h. 1638/1642-1706) pintor barroco madrileño, Ayuntamiento de Madrid, Madrid, 2007, pp. 215.

Velázquez. Esculturas para el Álcazar, Bellas Artes de San Fernando, Madrid, 2007.

Pascual Chenel, Álvaro, El retrato de Estado durante el reinado de Carlos II. Imagen y propaganda, Fundación Universitaria Española, Madrid, 2010, pp. 370, cat. PC19.

Marco García, Victor, Pintura barroca en Valencia, 1600-1737, CEEH, Centro de Estudios de Europa Hispánica, Madrid, 2021, pp. 383 nº 31.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2165.
"Carreño. / 2165. El rey Carlos 2º / Esta vestido de negro, con la mano izquierda sobre una mesa teniendo asido un sombrero con plumas negras. Cortinaje carmesi, y al fondo un espejo en que se reflejan varios cuadros. / Alto 6 pies; ancho 4 pies, 3 pulg." Y "Carreño. / 2165. Retrato de Carlos 2º de niño. / Alto 5 pies, 11 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 4 pies, 5 pulg, 6 lin." [inscrito dos veces]

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 2165.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1873-1907. Núm. 688.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 60.
Pieza tercera [...] {4754} 60 / Otro [quadro] de dos varas de alto, y una y media de ancho: representa un retrato del Sr. Carlos 2º Copia de Carreño en ... 300

Inscriptions +

Front, lower right corner

Exhibitions +

Los objetos hablan. Colecciones del Museo del Prado
23.10.2013 - 19.01.2014

Pedro Ruiz González (1638 - 1706), pintor barroco madrileño
05.06.2007 - 22.07.2007

Francisco de Ayala. Escritor en su siglo
20.09.2006 - 12.11.2006

Francisco de Ayala. Escritor en su siglo
19.07.2006 - 10.09.2006

Location +

Toledo - Museo del Ejército (Deposit)

Update date: 27-01-2022 | Registry created on 18-11-2016

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