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Count Hendrik van den Bergh
Dyck, Anthony van
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Dyck, Anthony van

Antwerp (Belgium), 1599 - London, 1641

Dyck, Anthony van See author's file

Count Hendrik van den Bergh

1627 - 1632. Oil on canvas.
Room 016B

Though of Dutch origin -he was Maurice of Nassau´s nephew- Hendrik van den Bergh remained faithful to the Catholic cause of the Spanish monarchy for quite some time. He was born in 1573 and died in 1638. He led the Spanish cavalry in Flanders brilliantly and valiantly during the first years of the Thirty Years´ War, but in 1632 he entered the service of the Dutch rebels. The image painted by Van Dyck bears the characteristics of portraits he painted after his trip to Italy, when he achieved great mastery of that genre, becoming the leading Flemish portrait painter. During those years, he portrayed many of the protagonists of the military struggle ravaging Northern and Central Europe, and this activity culminated in the publication of a repertoire of engravings based on his portraits and known as The Iconography of Van Dyck. In the case of Hendrik van den Bergh, the artist painted a military portrait, emphasizing the Count´s bravery by incorporating elements in keeping with his condition, such as armor, a commander´s staff, and a general´s sash elegantly draped across his extended arm, which enlivens the composition and gives him an appearance of great aristocratic dignity, as his station merits. The placement of the model beside a boulder, in front of a clearing in the landscape, foreshadows the sort of portrait would make in the following years, during his stay in England. This painting was acquired by Felipe IV at the auction of the property of King Charles I of England in the mid seventeenth century. In the following century, when the model´s identity was unknown, it was long considered a portrait of the Duke of Alba.


Technical data

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Inventory number
Dyck, Anthony van
Count Hendrik van den Bergh
1627 - 1632
Height: 114 cm; Width: 100 cm
Royal Collection (Collection of Felipe V, Quinta of the Duke of El Arco, Madrid, “novena pieza que es salón”, 1745, n. 275?; Quinta of the Duke of El Arco, “pieza octava de salón”, 1794, n. 203)

Bibliography +

Inventario de las Pinturas del Museo Hecho a la Muerte del Rey, Madrid, 1834, pp. n. 2.

Inventario del Palacio, 1849, pp. n. 1392.

Catálogo del Museo del Prado, 1854-1858, pp. n. 1392.

Madrazo, Pedro, Catálogo descriptivo e histórico del Museo del Prado de Madrid, Madrid, 1872, pp. n. 1327.

Guiffrey, J., Antoine van Dyck sa vie et son oeuvre, Paris, 1882, pp. 258, n. 389c.

Lefort, Paul, Les Musées de Madrid. Le Prado, San Fernando, L'Armeria, Gazette des Beaux Arts, Paris, 1896, pp. 100.

Cust, L., Anthony Van Dyck. An historical study of his life and works, George Bell and Sons, London, 1900, pp. 253.

Wurzbzch, Alfred Von, Niederlandisches Kunstler-Lexikon, I-II, Verlag Von Halm Und Goldmann, Wien-Leipzig, 1901-1911, pp. 458; 341, n. 49.

Schaëffer, E., Van Dyck. Des meisters gemälde in 537 abbildungen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart-Leipzig, 1909, pp. 198.

Madrazo, Pedro de (1816-1898), Catálogo de los cuadros del Museo del Prado /, Imprenta y fototipia de J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1910, pp. n. 1486.

Mayer, August L., Geschichte Der Spanischen Malerei, Klinkhardt & Bierman, Leipzig, 1922, pp. 282.

Vertue, G., The Eighteenth volume of the Walpole Society, 19, 1930, pp. 85, n. 3.

Glück, G., Van Dyck. Des Meisters Gemalde in 571 Abbildungen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart-Berlín, 1931, pp. 318, 554.

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Larsen, E., L'opera completa di Van Dyck 1613-1626, Rizzoli Editore, Milan, 1980.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, La Escuela Flamenca del Siglo XVII, Ediciones Alfiz, Madrid, 1983, pp. 113.

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Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. ¿275?.
Veinte y cinco retratos de hombres de medio cuerpo, y dibersas vestiduras, de vara y media de alto por cinco quartas de ancho, seis de ellos sus marcos tallados, y dorados, y los diez y nueve solo dorados

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1327.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1392.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1392.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 203.
[4905] 203 / Otro quadro] igual [vara de alto y vara y media quarta de ancho]: demuestra el retrato del Duque de Alba armado: original de Vadiq: en ... 2000

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in black. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in yellow. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Front, center

Exhibitions +

06.06.2020 - 25.07.2021

Charles I: King and Collector
27.01.2018 - 15.04.2018

Location +

Room 016B (On Display)


Displayed objects +



Baton, Command

Update date: 11-04-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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