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Count Hendrik van den Bergh
Dyck, Anthony van
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Dyck, Anthony van

Antwerp (Belgium), 1599 - London, 1641

Dyck, Anthony van See author's file

Count Hendrik van den Bergh

1627 - 1632. Oil on canvas. Room 016B

Though of Dutch origin -he was Maurice of Nassau´s nephew- Hendrik van den Bergh remained faithful to the Catholic cause of the Spanish monarchy for quite some time. He was born in 1573 and died in 1638. He led the Spanish cavalry in Flanders brilliantly and valiantly during the first years of the Thirty Years´ War, but in 1632 he entered the service of the Dutch rebels. The image painted by Van Dyck bears the characteristics of portraits he painted after his trip to Italy, when he achieved great mastery of that genre, becoming the leading Flemish portrait painter. During those years, he portrayed many of the protagonists of the military struggle ravaging Northern and Central Europe, and this activity culminated in the publication of a repertoire of engravings based on his portraits and known as The Iconography of Van Dyck. In the case of Hendrik van den Bergh, the artist painted a military portrait, emphasizing the Count´s bravery by incorporating elements in keeping with his condition, such as armor, a commander´s staff, and a general´s sash elegantly draped across his extended arm, which enlivens the composition and gives him an appearance of great aristocratic dignity, as his station merits. The placement of the model beside a boulder, in front of a clearing in the landscape, foreshadows the sort of portrait would make in the following years, during his stay in England. This painting was acquired by Felipe IV at the auction of the property of King Charles I of England in the mid seventeenth century. In the following century, when the model´s identity was unknown, it was long considered a portrait of the Duke of Alba.

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El conde Hendrik van den Bergh
Burin on laid paper, 1630 - 1658
Inventory number
P001486
Author
Dyck, Anthony van
Title
Count Hendrik van den Bergh
Date
1627 - 1632
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 114 cm.; Width: 100 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Collection of Felipe V, Quinta of the Duke of El Arco, Madrid, “novena pieza que es salón”, 1745, n. 275?; Quinta of the Duke of El Arco, “pieza octava de salón”, 1794, n. 203)

Bibliography +

Inventario de las Pinturas del Museo Hecho a la Muerte del Rey, Madrid, 1834, pp. n. 2.

Inventario del Palacio, 1849, pp. n. 1392.

Catálogo del Museo del Prado, 1854-1858, pp. n. 1392.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo descriptivo e histórico del Museo del Prado de Madrid, Madrid, 1872, pp. n. 1327.

Guiffrey, J., Antoine van Dyck sa vie et son oeuvre, Paris, 1882, pp. 258, n. 389c.

Lefort, Paul, Les Musées de Madrid. Le Prado, San Fernando, L'Armeria, Gazette des Beaux Arts, Paris, 1896, pp. 100.

Cust, L., Anthony Van Dyck. An historical study of his life and works, George Bell and Sons, London, 1900, pp. 253.

Wurzbzch, Alfred Von, Niederlandisches Kunstler-Lexikon, I-II, Verlag Von Halm Und Goldmann, Wien-Leipzig, 1901-1911, pp. 458; 341, n. 49.

Schaëffer, E., Van Dyck. Des meisters gemälde in 537 abbildungen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart-Leipzig, 1909, pp. 198.

Madrazo, Pedro de (1816-1898), Catálogo de los cuadros del Museo del Prado /, Imprenta y fototipia de J. Lacoste, Madrid, 1910, pp. n. 1486.

Mayer, August L., Geschichte Der Spanischen Malerei, Klinkhardt & Bierman, Leipzig, 1922, pp. 282.

Vertue, G., The Eighteenth volume of the Walpole Society, 19, 1930, pp. 85, n. 3.

Glück, G., Van Dyck. Des Meisters Gemalde in 571 Abbildungen, Deutsche Verlags-Anstalt, Stuttgart-Berlín, 1931, pp. 318, 554.

Noul, M., Sotomayor, F., Muguruza, P., Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado, Les chefs-d'oeuvre du Musée du Prado, Musée d'Art et d'Histoire, Genève, 1939, pp. n. 123.

Puyvelde, L. van, Van Dyck, Elsevier-Grund, Bruxelles-París, 1950, pp. 21, 72.

Vey, H., Die Zeichnungen Anton Van Dycks, I, Arcade, Bruselas, 1962, pp. 247, n. 176.

Millar, O., The Tudor-Stuart and Early Georgian Pictures in the Collection of Her Majesty the Queen, II, The Phaidon Press, London, 1963, pp. 107, n. 178.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Museo del Prado: catálogo de pinturas. Escuela flamenca, I, Museo del Prado; Patrimonio Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 108, n. 1486.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, La pintura flamenca del siglo XVII en España. Tesis Doctoral, III, Universidad Complutense, Madrid, 1976, pp. 1121-1122, n. 530.

Larsen, E., L'opera completa di Van Dyck 1613-1626, Rizzoli Editore, Milan, 1980.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, La Escuela Flamenca del Siglo XVII, Ediciones Alfiz, Madrid, 1983, pp. 113.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 198.

Fernandez Miranda y Lozana, Fernando, Inventarios Reales Carlos III 1789-1790, II, Patrimonio Nacional, Madrid, 1988, pp. n. 4905.

Larsen, E., The paintings of Anthony van Dyck, II, Luca Verlag, Freren, 1988, pp. n. 500.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, I, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

Wheelock, Arthur K.; Barnes, Susan J. y Held, Julius S., Anthony Van Dyck, National Gallery of Art. Thames and Hudson, Washingotn, 1991, pp. 59.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado: catálogo razonado, I, Prensa Ibérica, Barcelona, 1995, pp. 454-455.

Gritsai, N., Anthony van Dyck, Parkstone, Aurora, Bournemoyth, St. Peter, 1996, pp. 114, n. 108.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Ministerio de Educación y Cultura, Madrid, 1996, pp. 101, n. 1486.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio: inventarios reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia, Madrid, 2004, pp. 393, n. 367.

Barnes, S. J., Van Dyck. A Complete Catalogue of the Paintings, Yale University Press, New Haven, 2004, pp. 302-303, n. III.69.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Reflexiones y precisiones del retrato de Van Dyck en la patria de Velázquez, Anales de Historia del arte, extra, 2008, pp. 189-212.

Díaz Padrón, Matías, Van Dyck en España, II, Prensa Ibérica, Madrid, 2012, pp. 570-575, n. 78.

De Bruyn, Jean-Pierre, 'Pictor doctus, pictor Antuerpiae' En:, Érasme Quellin dans le sillage de Rubens, Musée de Flandre,Cassel - Snoeck, 2014, pp. 15-25 [20].

Chiswell,L. Rumberg,P, 'A.van Dyck.Hendrick van den Berg' En:, Charles I: King and Collecto, Royal Academy of Arts,, Londres, 2018, pp. 235 n.13.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. ¿275?.
Veinte y cinco retratos de hombres de medio cuerpo, y dibersas vestiduras, de vara y media de alto por cinco quartas de ancho, seis de ellos sus marcos tallados, y dorados, y los diez y nueve solo dorados

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 203.
[4905] 203 / Otro quadro] igual [vara de alto y vara y media quarta de ancho]: demuestra el retrato del Duque de Alba armado: original de Vadiq: en ... 2000

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1854-1858. Núm. 1392.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1392.
VAN-DICK / 1392. RETRATO DE ENRIQUE, CONDE DE BERGA. / ESTA ARMADO, CON UN LAZO ENCARNADO EN EL BRAZO IZQUIERDO. / ALTO 4 PIES, 1 PULG; ANCHO 3 PIES, 7 PULG.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1327.

Exhibitions +

Reunited
Madrid
06.06.2020 - 13.09.2020

Charles I: King and Collector
Londres
27.01.2018 - 15.04.2018

Location +

Room 016B (On Display)

Expuesto

Displayed objects +

Armor

Sword

Baton, Command

Update date: 04-06-2020 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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