The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

Isabel Álvarez Montes, 2nd Marchioness of Valderas and 2nd Duchess of Castro Enríquez
Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de

Rome (Italy), 1815 - Madrid (Spain), 1894

Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de See author's file

Isabel Álvarez Montes, 2nd Marchioness of Valderas and 2nd Duchess of Castro Enríquez

1868. Oil on canvas. Not on display

The numerous formal portraits painted by Federico over the course of his career -large-format works generally intended to hang in the capacious homes of Elizabethan aristocrats- include some of his most spectacular canvases. The present splendid work from the Museo del Prado dates from the artist’s fully mature period and is marked by a freer touch, a deep and rich use of paint and an attentively realistic approach to this genre at a time when it was fully integrated into Spanish painting. Shown full-length, the young woman wears a magnificent white tulle dress with blue silk adornments and a wide neck that leaves her shoulders uncovered. Her figure stands out in the semi-darkness of a luxurious room. Depicted at the age of twenty, she presents a rounded face with wide eyebrows and large features. Her adornments include a flower in her hair, pearl earrings and necklace, and thick, sumptuous bracelets, one of which has a medallion with the crowned initial of her title as Duchess of Castro Enríquez. This matches the oval brooch on her bosom. With one hand, she plays with one of her bracelets, while the other holds a lace handkerchief.

Despite the extraordinary delicacy with which the artist treats the tactile qualities of the model’s dress -the transparency of the tulle that drapes with abundant folds over her skirt, or the silk rosettes that adorn it- this portrait is resolved with a lively and summary technique that is almost sketchy in certain areas. This painterly effect may respond, at least in some parts, to the participation of the artist’s son, Raimundo, which is mentioned in Federico’s diary-datebook from 1868. There, he clearly records the progress of this portrait, which he painted in nine sessions between January 30 and April 9 of that year. In the first entries, he calls the model Señorita de Gaviria, due to her relation to Manuel de Gaviria y Alcoba, Marquis of Casa Gaviria and Count of Buena Esperanza. This nobleman was married to the model’s aunt, from whom she would later inherit the title of Duchess of Castro Enríquez.

Curiously, among the luxurious furnishings that adorn the setting and thus enhance the portrait’s appeal, Federico included, on a sumptuous console table in the background, the most famous piece of decorative metalwork from the Dauphin’s Treasure, a group of pieces that have been at the Museo del Prado since it was founded. The one visible here is an exquisite inlayed onyx and gold salt cellar, a French work from the first half of the 16th century that Madrazo may have copied from life, as he became director of the Museo del Prado in 1860 and thus had special access to its collections (Text drawn from Díez, J. L.: El siglo XIX en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, 2007, pp. 182-184).


Technical data

Related artworks

Cup with a gold mermaid
Agate, Diamond, Enamel, Gold, Ruby, 1550 - 1575
Inventory number
Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de
Isabel Álvarez Montes, 2nd Marchioness of Valderas and 2nd Duchess of Castro Enríquez
Height: 202 cm; Width: 126 cm
Legacy Maria Paz García de la Lama y Álvarez, 1964

Bibliography +

Museo Nacional del Prado, Principales adquisiciones de los últimos diez años: 1958-1968, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1969, pp. 37.

Salas, Xavier de, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 210-211.

Noticias. Nuevos depósitos. Oviedo. Museo de Bellas Artes, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 11, 1990, pp. 116.

Díez, José Luis, Da Goya a Picasso. La Pittura Spagnola Dell'Ottocento, Mazzotta, Milan, 1991.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura española del siglo XIX: del neoclasicismo al modernismo : obras maestras del Museo del Prado y colecciones españolas, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Cooperación Cultural, Madrid, 1992, pp. 124.

Díez, José Luis, Federico de Madrazo y Kuntz (1815-1894), Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 1994, pp. 307-308 nº70; 451-425 nº 264.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (III). Nuevas Adquisiciones. Museo Iconográfico. Tapices., Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1996, pp. nº1881.

Diez, J.L; Barón, J., El siglo XIX en el Prado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2007, pp. 182/ lám.29.

Díez, J.L. (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado. Catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 369.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 1881.
Autor, Federico de Madrazo / 1881. Asunto, Retrato de la duquesa de Castro Enriquez / Número del Catálogo, 3089 / Legado al Museo en 1964 por doña María Paz García de la Loma y Álvarez

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1972. Núm. 3089.

Inscriptions +

"F. de M.o / 1868"
Signed and dated. Front, lower right corner

CE, monograma con las iniciales entrelazadas y coronadas, en el dije de una pulsera

Exhibitions +

El Siglo XIX en el Prado
31.10.2007 - 20.04.2008

Pintura española del siglo XIX. Del neoclasicismo al modernismo
03.04.1992 - 17.05.1992

Pintura española del Siglo XIX: de Goya a Picasso
18.10.1991 - 08.01.1992

Displayed objects +

Pitchers / Jugs: Jarrón de porcelana de estilo oriental

Salt cellar / salt shaker: Salero de la Sirena del Tesoro del Delfín, número de inventario O1

Mirror: Espejo de pared con ancho marco de rocallas doradas

Furniture, piece of: Consola con la tapa de mármol gris y patas con rocallas doradas


Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Madrazo y Kuntz, Federico de

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.