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Peter of Castile
Hernández Amores, Germán
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Hernández Amores, Germán

Murcia, 1823 - Murcia, 1894

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Peter of Castile

1849. Oil on canvas. On display elsewhere

Peter I of Castile, called the Cruel or the Just,[was the king of Castile and León from 1350 to 1369. The Chronological Series of the Kings of Spain was a museum project planned in 1847 by José de Madrazo to adorn four of the new rooms at the Real Museo de Pinturas (Royal Museum of Paintings), then under his direction. At the height of the confrontation between the supporters of Isabella II and the Carlists, who denied the sovereign’s right to occupy the throne because she was a woman, the queen assented to the creation and display of a portrait gallery that would represent all the preceding monarchs in chronological order. To fill the gaps of the medieval kings, of whom there were no images in the Royal Collections, portraits were commissioned from a number of young painters. At the same time, given that the clear political purpose of the series was to provide visual legitimisation for Isabella’s right to the crown, a special effort was made to represent the queens of Spain’s history.

Technical data

Inventory number
Hernández Amores, Germán
Peter of Castile
Height: 224 cm.; Width: 140 cm.
Serie Cronológica de los Reyes de España

Bibliography +

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990.

El ''Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Zaragoza. Escuela de Bellas Artes, Boletín del Museo del Prado, XVI, 1995, pp. 82.

Germán Hernández Amores 1823-1894: pintor del romanticismo nazareno, Fundación Caja Murcia, 2006.

Díez, José Luis, La pintura isabelina: arte y política, Real Academia de Historia, 2010, pp. 59-70.

Díez, J.L (dir.), Pintura del Siglo XIX en el Museo del Prado: catálogo general, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2015, pp. 287.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 2951.
D. German Hernandez. /2951. Retrato de cuerpo entero del rey D. Pedro 1º de Castilla. Con armadura y manto, la mano izquierda apoyada en el pomo de la espada, y en la derecha el cetro. / Alto 8 pies; ancho 5 pies.

Inscriptions +

Inscribed. Front, lower left corner

D. PEDRO I murio 1369
Inscribed in orange. Front, lower central area

Location +

Zaragoza - Universidad de Zaragoza (Deposit)

Displayed objects +



Update date: 25-10-2021 | Registry created on 14-10-2020

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