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Saint Bartholomew
López, Juan Antonio -Lithographer- (After Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto); Real Establecimiento Litográfico de Madrid -Printer-; Madrazo y Agudo, José de -Director-
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López, Juan Antonio -Lithographer- (After Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto)
Real Establecimiento Litográfico de Madrid
Madrid (Spain), 1825 - Madrid (Spain), 1837
Madrazo y Agudo, José de
Santander (Spain), 1781 - Madrid (Spain), 1859

Saint Bartholomew

1826 - 1829. Lithographic aquatint, Crayon lithography, Pen lithography, Scraper on wove paper

The Company for the engraving of the paintings from the Royal Palaces was one of the Spanish Enlightenment’s major undertakings during the second half of the 18th century. It supervised the reproduction of prints of paintings from the Royal Collections and its early projects were carried out by Francisco de Goya, who reproduced some of Velázquez’s paintings in 1778, and by Juan Barcelón and Nicolás Barsanti, who reproduced The Labors of Hercules after the fresco that Luca Giordano had painted between 1777 and 1785.

On November 16, 1789, Charles IV authorized the founding of the Company for the engraving of paintings from the Royal Palaces in order to spread knowledge of the wealth of the Royal Collections in a manner comparable to other European countries. This private enterprise received royal protection and its partners were noblemen from Madrid, including the Duke of Osuna and José Nicolás de Azara, who contacted the French and Italian engravers charged with the task. At first, the artistic direction was handled by Manuel Salvador Carmona and Francisco Bayeu, who respectively supervised engravings and drawings. According to the collection’s Subscription Plan, the prints were published in series of six issues, beginning in February 1794. The price for subscribers was 288 reals per issue, while non-subscribers were charged 360 reals. An additional “100 prints without words” were pulled and these were sold at twice the price of the others (Continuación del Memorial Literario, intructivo y curioso de la Corte de Madrid. Vol. I, [August], Imprenta Real, 1793, pp. 257-63).

Flagging sales and increasing costs gradually weakened the Company’s economic stability, calling for increased private support. The poor quality of the drawings and their predominantly religious subject matter, as Azara argued, as well as a certain degree of disorganization- an absence of order or classification, as well as unequal formats -made it difficult to bind these prints or to hang them together in cabinets, and all this led the project into bankruptcy in barely ten years. In 1800, it was proposed to the king that Calcografía Nacional defray the project’s costs, and in 1812 the plates and other materials were deposited at the Royal Press. Finally, in 1818, the plates themselves entered Calcografía Nacional (Vega, J., Museo del Prado. Catálogo de estampas, Museo del Prado, 1992, pp. 222-223).

In all, 74 copper plates were engraved from a total of 95 drawings commissioned for the collection. Calcografía Nacional received 50 plates, including the 24 that had already been published by the Company and 26 more. The remaining 24 had actually been engraved, but the engravers had never delivered them to the Company (Carrete, J., El grabado calcográfico en la España Ilustrada, 1978, pp. 28-31).

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Technical data

Related artworks

Saint Bartholomew
Oil on canvas, 1630 - 1635
Saint Bartholomew
Lithographic aquatint on wove paper, 1826 - 1829
Saint Bartholomew
Crayon lithography on wove paper, 1826 - 1829
Inventory number
G003999
Author
López, Juan Antonio -Lithographer- (After Ribera, Jusepe de, lo Spagnoletto); Real Establecimiento Litográfico de Madrid -Printer-; Madrazo y Agudo, José de -Director-
Title
Saint Bartholomew
Date
1826 - 1829
Technique
Lithographic aquatint; Crayon lithography; Pen lithography; Scraper
Support
Wove paper
Dimension
Height: 630 mm.; Width: 484 mm.; Alto de la mancha: 295 mm.; Ancho de la mancha: 239 mm.
Series
“Colección litográfica de cuadros del rey de España el señor don Fernando VII”, Madrid, Real Establecimiento litográfico, 1826-1829, t. I.
Provenance
Madrazo Collection, Madrid; Daza-Campos family, Madrid; Acquisition, 2006.

Bibliography +

Biblioteca Nacional de España, Repertorio de grabados españoles en la Biblioteca Nacional, 2, Ministerio de Cultura, Secretaría General Técnica, Madrid, 1981, pp. 105, n. 1217-1.

Origen de la litografía en España: el Real Establecimiento Litográfico, Fábrica Nacional de Moneda y Timbre, Madrid, 1990, pp. 368, n. 126.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de estampas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1992, pp. 248, n. 1232.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2756.

There are no temporary exhibitions related to this work

Displayed objects +

Knife

Update date: 31-08-2019 | Registry created on 25-10-2016

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