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Kempeneer, Pieter
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Kempeneer, Pieter

Brussels (Belgium), 1503, 1580

Kempeneer, Pieter See author's file


Ca. 1550. Oil on oak panel.
Room 052C

This work is fundamental for a knowledge of the origins of portraiture in Spain and the role of Pedro Campaña - a Brussels-born artist who worked in Seville - in its emergence. It is also a self-portrait, a type of work rarely produced in sixteenth-century Spain. The exquisite, fine brushstrokes and detailed drawing reveal the exceptional quality of Campaña’s work and his Flemish roots. Painters often saw their self-portraits as a vehicle for displaying their pride and personal ambitions. These appear to have been some of the concerns that prompted Pieter Kempeneer to portray himself with the determined attitude and elegant poise suited to a successful practitioner of a liberal art. The carefully reproduced facial features, and in particular the intense gaze, together with the prominence of the red hair and beard and the use of strong chiaroscuro to mark the volumes and outlines denote not only an exquisite command of technique with its roots in Flemish art, but also a desire to produce a very personal image.


Technical data

Inventory number
Kempeneer, Pieter
Ca. 1550
Oak panel
Height: 27 cm; Width: 20 cm
Acquired with funds from the bequest of Carmen Sánchez García, Bonanova Subastas, Barcelona, 2019

Bibliography +

Angulo Íñiguez, Diego, Pedro de Campaña, Laboratorio de Arte de la Universidad,, 1951.

Buendía, José Rogelio, La Pintura Española del Siglo XVI. Separata de: Histoira del arte Hispánico , vol II: El Renacimiento, Editorial AlhambraS.A., 1980, pp. 255 f.21.

Pacheco, Francisco (prólogo de D.Angulo), Libro de descripción de verdaderos retratos de ilustres y memorables varones., Prevision Española ; Turner,, Madrid, 1983, pp. 175-178 nº4.

Serrera, J.M, “Pinturas y pintores del siglo xvi en la Catedral de Sevilla”: En
La Catedral de Sevilla
, Sevilla, 1985.

Pacheco, Francisco, Libro de Descripcion de Verdaderos Retratos de Ilustres y Memorables varones. fac.1599, Diputacion Provincial, Sevilla, 1985, pp. n.40 p.289-294.

Pacheco, Francisco, Arte de la pintura, su antiguedad y grandezas: descriuense los hombres eminentes que ha auido en ella... y enseña el modo de pintar todas las pinturas sagradas. 1649 por Simón Faxardo, 1990 [1649], pp. 137, 273, 348, 544, 549.

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pedro de Campaña, Fundación Sevillana Endesa, Sevilla, 2008.

Ruiz Gómez, L, Pedro de Campaña. Peter Kempeener. Autorretrato, Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte, Madrid, 2020, pp. 30-32.

Ruiz, L, 'Pedro de Campaña. (Peeter Kempeneer) Autorretrato' En:, El legado de Carmen Sánchez: "La última lección", Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2021, pp. 33-36 nº 2.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (iniciado en 1856). Núm. 2992.

Location +

Room 052C (On Display)

Update date: 17-03-2022 | Registry created on 23-03-2021

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