The itinerary <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> has been successfully created. Now you can add in works from the Collection browser
<em>TITULOOBRA</em> added to <em>TITULORECORRIDO</em> itinerary

The Agony in the Garden
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Close Continuar a ficha de la obra

Correa de Vivar, Juan

Mascaraque (Toledo, Spain), 1510 - Toledo (Spain), 1566

See author's file

The Agony in the Garden

1533 - 1535. Oil on panel.
Not on display

This panel depicts the moment prior to Christ’s capture and the start of his Passion. After the last supper with his disciples, Christ departs in the company of Peter, James and John. While he prays in anguish they fall asleep, emphasising his isolation. It is part of the altarpiece or seasonal altar of the Guisando Nativity (P00683P00690). This is a structure frequently found in numerous Spanish monastic cloisters. It comes precisely from the Hieronymite monastery of Guisando (Ávila), which was cited by Ponz in 1773. In the cloister, the altarpiece was set into a wall, forming a sort of box. On the one hand, the doors of the altarpiece depict The Visitation with Saint Jerome in Penitence on its exterior side. On the other hand, they also depict The Presentation of Jesus in the Temple, which was sawn off and dismembered from the door, with The Agony in the Garden on the other side. The ensemble was completed with four prophets (David, Isaiah, Jeremiah and Habakkuk). They are located on the sides of the altarpiece, acting as the minor sides of the altarpiece´s parallelepiped. Most likely, and following the formula of this type of altarpiece, a sculptural or pictorial image would round off the piece. It may be a God the Father. With the ecclesiastical confiscation, the panels of the altarpiece were dismantled and dispersed. In addition, its painter, Juan Correa de Vivar, and the provenance of the ensemble, were forgotten. It was thought to be from the monastery of Santa María de Valdeiglesias (Pelayos de la Presa, Madrid), where Correa worked between 1545 and 1550. Based on Ponz’s description, the reconstruction of the Altarpiece of the Nativity has been proposed by the researcher Isabel Mateo. She dates it to between 1533–35 given its stylistic proximity to Juan de Borgoña’s painting. The latter is a key figure in the emergence of Renaissance forms in Castile via Toledo. The combined use of the new Italian Quattrocento styles and Borgoña’s Nordic heritage made it fit right into an area with a traditional Gothic substratum, now covered by the suggestive Tuscan contributions of the aforementioned Borgoña. The Guisando Nativity still shows all the postulates learned from the Nordic master, who was still present on the Toledo scene (Borgoña died in 1536). On these dates, Correa maintained a marked sense of drawing, linked to the local use of colour. These were, at that time, somewhat harsh, which he progressively softened and brightened. He developed an elementary, notably geometrical compositional sense, using classical architectures. Despite this, he did not fully understand the one-point perspective used. This Nativity, after seeing other earlier commissions, for example, Griñon, Mora or Guadalupe, demonstrates the maturing process in the artist’s early works. It was when he established his correct artistic work from the imprint of Juan de Borgoña, without letting other contributions be clearly perceived yet.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Greco y la pintura española del Renacimiento: guía, Madrid, Museo del Prado, Aldeasa, 2001


Technical data

Related artworks

Prophet David
Oil on panel, 1533 - 1535
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Prophet Isaiah
Oil on panel, 1533 - 1535
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Prophet Jeremiah
Oil on panel, 1533 - 1535
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Prophet Habakkuk
Oil on panel, 1533 - 1535
Correa de Vivar, Juan
The Nativity
Oil on panel, 1533 - 1535
Correa de Vivar, Juan
Inventory number
Correa de Vivar, Juan
The Agony in the Garden
1533 - 1535
Height: 219 cm; Width: 78 cm
Retablo de la Natividad, monasterio jerónimo de Guisando (Ávila)
Jerónimos Monastery, Guisando (Ávila); Museo de la Trinidad, 1875.

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Catálogo provisional, historial y razonado del Museo Nacional de Pinturas, Madrid, 1865.

Mateo Gomez, Isabel, Juan Correa de Vivar. El Retablo de la Natividad de Guisando, Boletín del Museo del Prado, III, 1982, pp. 165-168.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Inventario general de pinturas (II). Museo de la Trinidad, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1991.

Museo Nacional del Prado, El Greco y la pintura española del Renacimiento: guía, Museo del Prado, Aldeasa, Madrid, 2001.

Mateo, Isabel, 'Juan Correa de Vivar. Retablo de la Natividad' En:, Juan Correa de Vivar, c. 1510-1566 : maestro del Renacimiento español., Sociedad Don Quijote de Conmemoraciones culturales de Castilla la Mancha, Toledo, 2010, pp. 94-101 n.4.

Bruquetas Galán, Rocío, 'Pintar para la Eternidad. Talleres toledanos a la llegada de El Greco' En:, El Greco arte y oficio, Fundación El Greco 2014, 2014, pp. 98-121 [109,111].

Marías, Fernando, Detalles e indicios en Juan Correa de Vivar : apertura de hipótesis, datos e incertidumbres, BSAA Boletín del Seminario de Estudios de Arte y Arqueología., LXXXIII, 2107, pp. 125-152 [137].

Other inventories +

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 2154S.
[Catálogo de 1876]

Catálogo Museo de la Trinidad, 1865. Núm. 873.
CUADROS ANÓNIMOS DE LAS PRIMITIVAS ESCUELAS ESPAÑOLAS [...] 873. La Oracion del Huerto. / Tabla.-Al. 2,21.-An. 0,79. Fig. algo m. n. / Epoca: primer tercio del siglo XVI. / Se ven en primer término tres Apóstoles dormidos; uno de ellos, S. Pedro, empuña con la mano derecha una espada. En segundo término y en la parte superior se ve al Salvador arrodillado orando y recibiendo el cáliz de manos del ángel. En último término Judas seguido de multitud de soldados romanos entrando en el Huerto de las Olivas.

Inv. Museo de la Trinidad, Pintura. Núm. 873.
873. / Tabla. La oracion del huerto en la parte baja tres apóstoles dormidos. Cuerpo entº y menosq. El nat.l / Autor / Rectifdo alto 2,20 ancho 0,78 / rª embarrotada y con moldura de pasta dorada y en Mª naranja / nº 1 / s.r. / duplicado

Exhibitions +

Quinto centenario del nacimiento del pintor Juan Correa de Vivar
16.12.2010 - 13.03.2011

Displayed objects +

Weapons / Arms

Update date: 12-03-2022 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

Other works by Correa de Vivar, Juan

Print on demand

Print artworks available in our catalogue in high quality and your preferred size and finish.

Image archive

Request artworks available in our catalogue in digital format.