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View of Tivoli
Asselijn, Jan (Attributed to)
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Asselijn, Jan (Attributed to)

Dieppe, 1600 - Amsterdam, 1652

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View of Tivoli

1639 - 1641. Oil on canvas. Not on display

In the 1701 inventory it is not listed among the group of landscapes with hermits or with bucolic scenes but many entries earlier, together with View of the Waterfall at Tivoli, with Fishermen (P2068) which it matches in size and theme -and Landscape with Saint Mary of Cervelló, now attributed to Claude Lorrain (P3259), which would appear to indicate that they were hung in a different room, at least at that time.

Viewed from inside the so-called grotto of Neptune at Tivoli is a mountainside with overhanging rocks, beneath which are two shepherds and a herd of goats. At the summit are two buildings, and on the furthest ledge stands the Temple of the Sibyl. The warm light that unifies the whole picture allows the landscape to be related to Both. The mountain that encloses the background is also similar to that which serves the same purpose in Landscape with Fishermen and Shepherds on a Riverbank (P2066).

The X-ray shows that the trees and the climbing plant at the entrance to the cave were added after the landscape was completed. The painting entered the Museum`s holdings as an original work by Jan Both. This attribution is maintained in later Museum catalogues and accepted by Waddingham (1964), Burke and Barghahn (1986). The figures, however, are ascribed to Andries Both in early Museum catalogues, and Waddingham maintains this attribution. Despite this, certain elements suggest the work may possibly be attributed to Jan Asselijn. First, the treatment of the leaves of the tree located between the two buildings is not characteristic of Both but recalls, for example, that of the tree protruding above an arch in Jan Asselijn`s drawing Ruins of the Colosseum or Theatre of Marcellus in Rome. Furthermore, the figures, particularly that of the standing shepherd, greatly resemble those of Asselijn in type. Finally, Both`s known output includes no other similar composition, whereas landscapes viewed from inside a cave (or through an arch) are very frequent in Asselijn`s oeuvre. It is known that the two artists coincided in Rome, where they went on outings together to draw from the life.

There was a landscape in the former Wenen collection, Tivoli with the Temple of the Sibyl attributed to Cornelis van Poelenburch , which could have been the iconographic source for this landscape (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado. 2009, p. 333).

Technical data

Inventory number
Asselijn, Jan (Attributed to)
View of Tivoli
1639 - 1641
Height: 160 cm; Width: 112 cm
Royal Collection (Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1701, s.n.; Buen Retiro, 1794, nº 993).

Bibliography +

Puyvelde, Leo van, Catalogue de L'Exposition Esquisses de Rubens, Edititons de la Connaissance, Bruselas, 1937, pp. 105, nº108.

Puyvelde, Leo van, The Sketches of Rubens, Kegan Paul: Trench: Trubner and, Londres, 1947, pp. 93, nº95.

Gaya Nuño, J. A., Notas al catálogo del Museo del Prado, Boletín de la Sociedad Española de Excursiones, 58, 1954, pp. 137.

Waddingham, Malcom R., Andries and Jan Both in France and Italy, Paragone : mensile de arte figurativa, 1964, pp. 13-43.

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 223-224.

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 311/ nº433.

Burke, James D., Jan Both : Paintings, Drawings and Prints. Tesis Doctoral, Garland Publishing, Nueva York ; Londres, 1976, pp. 82-83.

Brown, Jonathan1939-, A Palace For a King. The Buen Retiro and the Court of Philip, Yale University Press, New Haven ; Londres, 1980, pp. lám. 69.

Claudio de Lorena y el ideal clásico de paisaje en el siglo, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1984, pp. 72, nº8.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado. Catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 519.

Espinós, A.; Orihuela, M. y Royo Villanova, M. [et al.], ''El Prado disperso''. Cuadros depositados en Barcelona. I. Ayuntamiento, Boletín del Museo del Prado, VII, 1986, pp. 58.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. 297 / lám. 1109.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº1679.

Capitelli, Giovanna, Los paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro, En: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 257.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 245-247.

Other inventories +

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. s. n..
[433] Ottra [pintura] de dos Uaras de alto y Uara y quartta de ancho Con Vn Pais del Ytaliano Con ttres Pasttorçillos y Unas Cabras Con marco tallado y dorado tasada en treinta doblones ... 1.800

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 434/435.
Dos paises iguales con vnas grutas y en el otro un despeñadero de agua con unos pescadores de dos varas de alto y vara y tercia de ancho originales de Claudio de Lorena.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Buen Retiro, 1794. Núm. 993.
{3356} 993. Otra [pintura] del mismo [Claudio Lorenès] con otra vista de Tiboli con varias figuras de Pastores, de siete quartas y media de alto, y cinco quartas y media de ancho, marco viejo ... 1.000

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.431.
Doscientos veinte tres. Pais figurando una gruta con ganados y pastores.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1679.
J. Both / 1679. Vista de Tivoli. / La gruta de neptuno con el templo de la sibila algo lejano. Tambien hay en el / primer termino pastores con ganado, pintados por su hermano Andres Both. / Alto 5 pies, 9 pulg; ancho 4 pies.

Inscriptions +

Inscribed in orange. Front, lower left corner

Inscribed in golden colour. Stretcher

Inscribed with chalk. Stretcher

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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