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Antolínez, José

Madrid, 1635 - Madrid, 1675

A disciple and collaborator of Francisco Rizi, Antolínez is one of the most interesting Madrid painters of the second half of the 17th century. Despite his low social origins -he was a carpenter's son- and arrogant and quarrelsome nature, he secured great prestige and an excellent clientele at the Spanish court. He was particularly well known for his felicitous versions of the Immaculate Conception, which are undoubtedly the most elegant and successful of all those of the Madrid school and allow him to be regarded in this respect as that city's equivalent of Murillo, though less gentle natured and delicate as the exquisite Sevillian artist. A few genre scenes, particularly the "Picture Merchant" (Munich, Alte Pinakothek), hail him as a continuer of Velázquez in the pursuit of representation of space and atmosphere, even though his human types are archaic for the period. He also embraced individual and group portraiture and enjoyed a certain reputation as a painter of occasional mythological themes, as can be appreciated in his outstanding pictures of the "Education of Bacchus" (Madrid, Private collection).
His skilled and vibrant technique, his inclination towards decorative opulence, the taste he displays for theatrical effects and the expression of a concept of soberly sensual formal beauty associate him, like the ideas of his master and contemporaries, with Venetian and Rubensian elements. He displays a masterful use of colour, generally choosing cold tones of silver grey and delicate mauve, which he employs with exceptional refinement and subtlety.
He worked for the Admiral of Castile and for the Danish ambassador to Madrid, Cornelius Lerche, whose portrait with friends painted by Antolínez was highly regarded in the field of group portraiture (Copenhagen, Statens Museum) and reflects the influence of Gerard ter Borch, whom he met when the latter visited Madrid (Luna, J. J.: From Titian to Goya. Great Masters of the Museo del Prado, National Art Museum of China-Shanghai Museum, 2007, p. 383).

Artworks (6)

Portrait of a young Girl
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1660
Antolínez, José
Portrait of a young Girl
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1660
Antolínez, José
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1665
Antolínez, José
The Immaculate Conception
Oil on canvas, 1665
Antolínez, José
The Assumption of the Magdalen
Oil on canvas, 1670 - 1675
Antolínez, José
Retrato de una niña
Etching on laid paper, 1874
Antolínez, José (After); Maura y Montaner, Bartolomé -Engraver and drawer- (The original work, according to inscriptions, attributed to Velázquez, Diego Rodríguez de Silva y); Calcografía Nacional; Sociedad de Artistas

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