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Portrait of a Young Girl
Antolínez, José
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Antolínez, José

Madrid (Spain), 1635 - Madrid (Spain), 1675

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Portrait of a Young Girl

Ca. 1660. Oil on canvas Not on display

This is the companion to a portrait with similar characteristics that depicts another girl of about the same age with similar features (P1228). The two models may therefore have been sisters. Their dresses, with horizontal necks and open sleeves are characteristic of Spanish clothing from around 1660. As with many other paintings, these were considered works by Velázquez during the 19th century. This can be partially attributed to that century´s relatively scant knowledge of the work of painters in Madrid during the reign of Philip IV, the fashion of the girls´ clothing, the intimate association of Velázquez with portraits of children, and the style of this work and its companion—especially their emphasis on color values. In many areas, including the sleeves, the color is not subject to the drawing, and is instead applied with broad, confident brushstrokes. This type of approach was used at that time to define Velázquez´s painting and to assign him a clear, independent personality that would serve to make him a model for 19th-century artists. As a result, these paintings are reproduced in various 19th-century monographs on Velázquez. In the early 20th century they were praised by scholars as important as the erudite German art historian, Carl Justi, who rejected the then widespread theory that they were of Velázquez´s two daughters, Francisca and Ignacia, a hypothesis that had required them to be dated from the 1620s. During the 19th century the association of anonymous portraits with that painter´s intimate circle affected numerous paintings. But as Justi observed, such an attribution was incompatible with their dresses, which reflect a later style. He further suggested that both paintings may be of the same girl, and that one may have been a sketch or a failed attempt. The first important critical doubts were raised by Aureliano de Beruete, who excluded the two portraits from the list of autograph works by Velázquez in his 1898 monograph. In the catalog directed by Beruete the following year to accompany the opening of the Velázquez room at the Museo del Prado, they are listed as "attributed", which indicated that they differed significantly in quality or style from the artist´s autograph paintings. Over the following decades, their critical status was ambiguous, although they were always associated with Velázquez´s circle or legacy. In 1961, Hernández Perera related them to Juan Carreño de Miranda´s early career, comparing them to works such as Doña Ines de Zúñiga, Countess of Monterrey (Madrid, Fundación Lázaro Galdiano). Ten years later, Angulo suggested José Antolínez (1635-1675) on the basis of the girls´ physical similarities to that painter´s cherubs, as well as technical and stylistic criteria. Contemporaneous sources insisted on his mastery in that field, including Antonio Palomino, who affirmed in 1724 that his portraits were very good likenesses.

Technical data

Related artworks

Portrait of a Young Girl
Oil on canvas, Ca. 1660
Inventory number
P001227
Author
Antolínez, José
Title
Portrait of a Young Girl
Date
Ca. 1660
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
Height: 58 cm.; Width: 46 cm.
Provenance
Royal Collection (Quinta del duque del Arco, 1745, sexta pieza que sirve de gabinete, [nº 133]; Quinta, 1794, pieza cuarta, nº 82).

Bibliography +

Cruzada Villaamil, Gregorio, Anales de la vida y de las obras de Diego de Silva Velazquez, Libreria de Miguel Guijarro, Madrid, 1885, pp. 318.

Justi, Carl (1832-1912), Diego Velazquez and His Time, H.Grevel and Co, Londres, 1889, pp. 276-277.

Beruete, Aureliano de, Velázquez, Librairie Renouard, Henri Laurents, ed., París, 1898.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Catálogo ilustrado de la Sala de Velázquez en el Museo del Prado, J. Laurent y Cia., Fotógrafos Editores, Madrid, 1899, pp. 45.

Gensel, Walter, Velazquez: des meisters Gemälde in 172 abbildungen, Deustche VerlagsAnstalt, Stuttgart, Leipzig, 1908, pp. 160.

Beritens, German, Aberraciones del Greco científicamente consideradas: nueva t, Librería de Fernando Fé, Madrid, 1913, pp. 37.

Angulo Íñiguez, D.; Pérez Sánchez, A. E., Historia de la pintura española: escuela madrileña del primer tercio del siglo XVII, Instituto Diego Velázquez, Madrid, 1969, pp. 286.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1972.

El niño en el Museo del Prado, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas Artes, Madrid, 1983, pp. nº7.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: catálogo de las pinturas, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1985, pp. 17-18.

Carreño, Rizi, Herrera y la pintura madrileña de su tiempo :, Ministerio de Cultura: Banco Herrero, Madrid, 1986, pp. 283.

Brown, Jonathan, Velázquez: pintor y cortesano, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986, pp. 2.

Palomino de Castro y Velasco, Acisclo Antonio, Vidas, Alianza Editorial, Madrid, 1986, pp. 243.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº78.

Ayala Mallory, Nina, Del Greco a Murillo: la pintura española del Siglo de Oro, 1, Alianza, Madrid, 1991, pp. 240 / lám. 215.

Garrido Pérez, Carmen, Velázquez: técnica y evolución, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1992, pp. 572-577.

Pintores del Reinado de Carlos II, Museo del Prado, Madrid, 1996, pp. nº16.

Lopez Rey, Jose, Velazquez. Le Peintre des Peintres, Benedikt Taschen, Colonia, 1996, pp. nº120.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Velázquez, Rubens, Lorrain: Malerei am Hof Philipps IV, Kunst-und Ausstellungshalle der Bundesrepublik Deu, Bonn, 1999, pp. 220.

El mundo de Carlos V : de la España medieval al siglo de Oro, Sociedad Estatal para la Conmemoración de los Cent, Madrid, 2000, pp. 287.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Pintura barroca española: guía, Museo Nacional del PradoAldeasa, Madrid, 2001, pp. 160.

Aterido Fernández, Ángel; Martínez Cuesta, Juan; Pérez Preciado, José Juan, Colecciones de pinturas de Felipe V e Isabel Farnesio. Inventarios Reales, II, Fundación de Apoyo de la Historia, Madrid, 2004, pp. 352.

Weniger, Matthias, Greco, Velazquez, Goya : Spanische Malereiaus Deutschen Sam..., Prestel, Munich ; Berlín ; Londres, 2005, pp. 236.

El Greco, Velazquez, Goya :five centuries of spanish master..., Museum of Fine Arts, 2006, pp. 68.

Kientz, G.K, 'Attribué a J.B.Martínez del Mazo. Fillette' En:, Velázquez, Réunion des musées nationaux-Grand Palais: Louvre..., Paris, 2015, pp. 342 n.112.

Lefort, Paul, Velazquez, Librairie de L'Art, París, pp. 15.

Other inventories +

Inv. Felipe V, Quinta duque del Arco, 1745. Núm. [132].
Dos retratos de dos niñas de medio cuerpo de tres quartas de alto con algo mas de media vara de ancho, peinadas y vestidas a lo antiguo, con ramilletes en las manos, sus marcos tallados y dorados

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos III, Quinta duque del Arco, 1794. Núm. 68.

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 78.
Velázquez. / 78. Retrato de una niña. / Por la fisonomía y el trage parece hermana de la representada en el nº 71. Tiene igualmente un monton de flores en la falda. / Alto 2 pies, 1 pulg; ancho 1 pie, 8 pulg.

Catálogo Museo del Prado, 1872-1907. Núm. 1087.
1087.-Retrato de una niña, hija de Velazquez (?). / Alto 0,58. Ancho 0,46. -Lienzo. / Representa unos 7 años de edad, complexión robusta, lindas facciones, color animado, ojos negros y cabello castaño trenzado con lazos rojos. Vestido noguerado clro con las mangas grises, á tiras de arriba abajo, sujetas á trechos con botones y presillas: al pecho un gran lazo salpicado de blanco y rojo, y en las manos un monton de flores sobre un pañizuelo blanco. -Media figura de tamaño natural...

Exhibitions +

Velázquez
París
25.03.2015 - 13.07.2015

Desde El Greco hasta Goya - Budapest
Budapest
26.01.2006 - 14.05.2006

Carlos V entre dos mundos culturales. De las tres culturas de la España medieval al Siglo de Oro
México D.F.
03.11.2000 - 28.02.2001

Velázquez, Rubens, Claudio de Lorena y la pintura en la corte de Felipe IV
Bonn
07.10.1999 - 23.01.2000

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Toledo
11.04.1997 - 11.05.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Sevilla
28.02.1997 - 06.04.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Murcia
24.01.1997 - 23.02.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Valencia
20.12.1996 - 19.01.1997

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Zaragoza
15.11.1996 - 15.12.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Pamplona
11.10.1996 - 10.11.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Vitoria
06.09.1996 - 06.10.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Santander
17.05.1996 - 16.06.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
León
12.04.1996 - 12.05.1996

Pintores del reinado de Carlos II
Vigo
29.02.1996 - 31.03.1996

Displayed objects +

Jewels

Update date: 12-11-2019 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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