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Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma
Rubens, Pedro Pablo
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Rubens, Pedro Pablo

Siegen, Westfalia, 1577 - Amberes, 1640

Miniatura autor

Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma

1603. Oil on canvas, 290.5 x 207.5 cm.

Felipe III´s favorite, Francisco de Sandoval y Rojas, Marquis of Denia and First Duke of Lerma is shown as chief of the Spanish Armies. Wearing half armor, he rides a white steed and carries a ruler´s staff. The scallop of the Knights of Saint James at his neck is the only decorative element in this portrait, whose decidedly military orientation is reinforced by the cavalry battle in the background. Made in 1603, during Rubens´ first visit to Spain, this work shows the power and vigor of portraits from his first period, and his capacity to capture the model´s personality. Here he reflects the haughtiness and pride of the Duke´s powerful political situation. Basing his composition on Titian´s Portait of Carlos V in Mühlberg (P00410), Rubens depicts the duke facing forward, advancing toward the viewer. This creates a very Baroque effect, which is multiplied by the palm tree that frames the figure. With this painting, Rubens created a model for equestrian portraits that would prove very influential later on, especially in works by Van Dyck and Gaspar de Crayer. After the Duke of Lerma fell from grace, this painting entered the Royal Collection, but was later given to the Admiral of Castile by Felipe IV. It passed through the collections of several noblemen before it was acquired by the Prado Museum in 1969.

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Technical data

Inventory number
P03137
Author
Rubens, Pedro Pablo
Title
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Lerma
Date
1603
Technique
Oil
Support
Canvas
Dimension
High/Height: 290.5 cm.; Width: 207.5 cm.
Provenance
Colección del duque de Lerma; Colección Real en 1635; Regalo de Felipe IV al almirante de Castilla; En 1800 en posesión del Marqués de Denia; En 1878 se encontraba en la casa del Duque de Medinaceli; En 1909 pasa a la colección del conde de Gavia al casarse con una hija del de Medinaceli que lo había heredado. La última condesa de Gavia lo regaló a los P.P. Capuchinos de Madrid, de quienes lo adquirió el Museo en 1969.

Bibliography +

Baschet, A., Pieter-Paul Rubens, peintre de Vincent I de Gonzague duc de Mantoue (1600-1608), Gazette des Beaux-Arts: La Chronique des Arts, 22/23, 1867, pp. 305.

Rooses, Max, L'Oeuvre de P. P. Rubens. Histoire et Description. . . Vol...., Jos.Maes, Amberes, 1886, pp. 202.

Boix, F., Retrato ecuestre del duque de Lerma pintado por Rubens, Arte Español / Revista Española de Arte, 7, 1924, pp. 41-51.

Glück, G., Rubens as portrait painter, The Burlington Magazine, 76/77, 1940, pp. 174.

Sutton, Denys, Ruben's Portrait of the Duke of Lerma on Horseback, Apollo: The Internatinoal Magazine of Arts, 76, 1962, pp. 118.

Corpus rubenianum Ludwig Burchard: an illustrated catalogue, Arcade Press, Bruselas, 1968, pp. 132-135.

Renger, K., Rubens dedit dedicavitque; Rubens' Beschäftigung mit der Reproduktionsgraphik, JAHRBUCH DER BERLINER MUSEEN: JAHRBUCH DER PREUSSISCHEN KUNSTSAMMLUNGEN NEUE FOLGE, 16, 1974, pp. 122-175.

Díaz Padrón, Matías (1935-), Museo del Prado : catálogo de pinturas : escuela flamenca :, Museo del Prado: Patrimonio Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 311-313.

Pescador del Hoyo, M.C, De como llegó al Prado el retrato del duque de Lerma, GOYA: REVISTA DE ARTE, 1987, pp. 148-151.

Vosters, Simon A., Rubens y España: estudio artístico-literario sobre la estética del Barroco, Cátedra, Madrid, 1990, pp. 40-49.

Vergara, Alejandro, Don Rodrigo Calderón y la introducción del arte de Rubens en España, ARCHIVO ESPAÑOL DE ARTE / ARCHIVO ESPAÑOL DE ARTE Y ARQUEOLOGIA, 67, 1994.

Díaz Padrón, Matías (1935-), El siglo de Rubens en el Museo del Prado : catálogo razonado, Prensa Iberica, Barcelona, 1995, pp. 1064.

Vignau-Wilberg, T., Rubens' study in Munich for 'The Duke of Lerma on Hors, Master Drawings, 36, 1998.

Vergara, Alejandro1960-, The Presence of Rubens in Spain. (Volumes i and II). Tesis D, A Bell & Howell Company, Ann Arbor, 1999, pp. 1-10.

Schroth, S., Re-Presenting Philip III and his Favorite: Changes in Court Portraiture 1598-1621, BOLETIN DEL MUSEO DEL PRADO, 18, 2000, pp. 39-50.

Schroth, S., The Duke of Lerma's Palace in Madrid: a Reconstruction of the Original Setting for Chicago's State, APOLLO: THE INTERNATIONAL MAGAZINE OF THE ARTS, 154, 2001.

Rubens: dibujos para el retrato ecuestre del Duque de Lerma..., Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2001.

Logan, Anne Marie, Peter Paul Rubens the Drawings, Metropolitan Museum of D'Art, Nueva York, 2005, pp. 90.

Pérez Preciado, J.J, 'Reyes Gobernadores, Nobles, Funcionarios y Artistas. La incesante llegada de obas de arte a España desde los Paises Bajos en el s.XVII', Aragón y Flandes. Un encuentro artístico (siglos XV-XVII)., Universidad de Zaragoza, Zaragoza, 2015, pp. 132-142 [132].

Büttner, Nils., Rubens : Eine Biographie., Verlag Schnell & Steiner GmbH, 2015, pp. 43 f.13.

Other inventories +

Inv. Nuevas Adquisiciones (desde 1856). Núm. 1904.
Autor: Rubens / 1904. Asunto: retrato ecuestre del duque de Lerma. / Lienzo: 2,83 x 2,00 / Nº del catalogo: 3137</br>Adquirido por el patronato del Museo, en enero de 1969 a la orden de P.P. capuchinos de Madrid en 20.000.000 pts.

Exhibitions +

Rubens
05.11.2010 - 23.01.2011

The Loves of Mercury and Herse. A Tapestry Series by Willem de Pannemaker
01.06.2010 - 26.09.2010

El Greco to Velázquez: Art during the Reign of Philip III
Durham NC
22.08.2008 - 09.11.2008

El Greco to Velázquez: Art during the Reign of Philip III
Boston
13.04.2008 - 27.07.2008

Location +

Room 028 (On Display)

Update date: 05-04-2016 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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