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Mountain Pass
Both, Jan
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Both, Jan

Utrecht, 1618 - Utrecht, 1652

See author's file

Mountain Pass

1639 - 1641. Oil on canvas.
On display elsewhere

The painting entered the Museum as an original work by Jan Both, an attribution that has been maintained in subsequent catalogues and which is also supported by Valdivieso (1973) and Barghahn (1986). Steland ascribes it, with reservations, to Herman van Swanevelt. Following the recent cleaning of the picture, the attribution to Jan Both would appear to be correct. The handling of the leaves of the trees as well as the clouds and the background is characteristic of the painter.

The painting repeats the composition of Landscape with Carmelites (P2058) and even features a recreation of the temple of Marcus Curtius (Rome) in the background. Here too the foreground and background are joined by a small tree located in the mid-ground. Nevertheless, in the case of this painting the composition is more dynamic: the trees are not arranged in parallel verticals but are intertwined, and in the foreground the figures advance towards the viewer along a path that originates in the background. As for the handling of light, the artist no longer uses spotlighting to emphasise the foreground figures, a device characteristic of Herman van Swanevelt`s landscapes with hermits and still employed by Both in Landscape with Carmelites (P2058). Instead, all the elements of the picture are integrated by a naturalistic, homogeneous lighting, as in his vertical landscapes Baptism of the Eunuch of Queen Candace (P2060) and Taking the Cattle out (P2061), with which it also bears great stylistic similarities. This, coupled with the fact that it is larger than the landscapes with hermits, suggests that this and the following landscape were part of the second shipment of paintings and should therefore be dated to between 1639 and 1641. The figures are characteristic of the type that populates Jan Both`s landscapes. In early Museum catalogues they are attributed to Andries Both (1612/13-1642) (Posada Kubissa, T.: Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, 2009, p. 330).


Technical data

Related artworks

Crossing the Pass
Oil on canvas, 1639 - 1641
Both, Jan
Inventory number
Both, Jan
Mountain Pass
1639 - 1641
Height: 175 cm; Width: 278 cm
Royal Collection (Palacio del Buen Retiro, Madrid, 1701, [nº 154]; Palacio Real Nuevo, Madrid, estudio de Andrés de la Calleja, 1772, nº 154).

Bibliography +

Valdivieso, Enrique, Pintura Holandesa del siglo XVII en españa, Universidad, Valladolid, 1973, pp. 224-225.

Inventarios reales: testamentaria del Rey Carlos II : 1701-1, Museo del PradoPatronato Nacional de Museos, Madrid, 1975, pp. 289/ nº154.

Claudio de Lorena y el ideal clásico de paisaje en el siglo, Ministerio de Cultura, Dirección General de Bellas, Madrid, 1984, pp. 76.

Barghahn, Barbara Von, Philip IV and the Golden House of the Buen Retiro in the Tradition of Caesar, Garland PublishingInc., Nueva York, 1986, pp. 197,202.

Museo Nacional del Prado, Museo del Prado: inventario general de pinturas (I) La Colección Real, Museo del Prado, Espasa Calpe, Madrid, 1990, pp. nº1344.

Noticias. Levantamiento de depósitos. Madrid. Ministerio del Interior, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 11, 1990, pp. 117.

Noticias. Nuevos depósitos. Barcelona. Universidad, Boletín del Museo del Prado, 12, 1991, pp. 153.

Capitelli, Giovanna, Los paisajes para el Palacio del Buen Retiro, En: El Palacio del Rey Planeta. Felipe IV y el Buen Retiro, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2005, pp. 257.

Steland, Anne Charlotte., Herman van swanevelt (um 1603-1655). Gemälde und Zeicnungen, Petersberg, 2009.

Posada Kubissa, Teresa, Pintura holandesa en el Museo Nacional del Prado. Catálogo razonado, Museo Nacional del Prado, Madrid, 2009, pp. 222-224.

Steland, Anne Charlotte, Herman van Swanevelt (um 1603-1655): Gemälde und Zeichnungen, Michael Imhof, Petersberg, 2010, pp. 206.

Other inventories +

Inv. Real Museo, 1857. Núm. 1344.
Both (Juan, llamado Both de Italia) / 1344. Camino entre dos sierras. / Por el llevan dos pastores algunas vacas: mas alla se ve un lago efecto de sol poniente. (c.l.) / Alto 6 pies, 1 pulg, 6 lin; ancho 9 pies, 10 pulg.

Inv. Testamentaría Carlos II, Buen Retiro, 1701-1703. Núm. [154].
[154] Un Pais de tres Uaras menos quartta de largo y dos Uaras de alto Con Una ria y Unos Baqueros de mano del Yttaliano Con marco dorado y tallado en settentta doblones ... 4.200

Museo Real de Pinturas a la muerte de Fernando VII, 1834. Núm. fol.418.
Trescientos ochenta y cinco. Camino entre dos sierras por el llevan dos pastores Bacas- 8.600

Inv. Carlos III, Palacio Nuevo, 1772. Núm. 154.
Estudio de don Andres de la Calleja Pintor de Cámara de su magd. [...] {13335} 154 / Otro igual [tres varas y quarta de largo y dos varas de caida] con vnos pastores y ganados original del mismo autor [lorenes]

Inscriptions +

Pais con pastores guian[-]/do Bacas. en [sic] lienzo.nº.234/marco nuebo [sic]
Inscribed in golden colour. Stretcher

[letras ilegibles]
Inscribed with chalk. Back, left side

[Parche cuadrado (de 10,5 x 13 cm.) recortado de un lienzo antiguo pintado con flores]
Back, central area

Inscribed in red color. Front, lower left corner

nº 23
Inscribed with chalk. Back, lower area

Nº 5443
Inscribed in pen and ink. Stretcher

Inscribed in pen and ink. Back, left side

X [dos veces]
Inscribed with chalk. Stretcher

Exhibitions +

Dutch Painters at the Prado
03.12.2009 - 11.04.2010

Location +

Barcelona - Universidad de Barcelona (Deposit)

Update date: 04-11-2021 | Registry created on 28-04-2015

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